c# Iqueryable.join 用法

首先我们先看一下Join

public static IEnumerable<TResult> Join<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>(this IEnumerable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Func<TOuter, TKey> outerKeySelector, Func<TInner, TKey> innerKeySelector, Func<TOuter, TInner, TResult> resultSelector);

第一个参数outer就是你连接的左面的集合,第二个inner是你要与之连接的集合,第三个outerKeySelector就是要用outer的哪个键来进行连接,第四个innerKeySelector同理,最后一个就是返回的类型。用法如下:

NorthwindEntities dbContext = new NorthwindEntities();
var data = dbContext.Employees.Join(dbContext.Orders, e => e.EmployeeID, o => o.EmployeeID, (e, o) => new { EmployeeID = e.EmployeeID, OrderID = o.OrderID, Address = o.ShipAddress, EmployeeAddress = e.Address });

上面的代码对应的SQL语句如下:

SELECT 
    [Extent1].[EmployeeID] AS [EmployeeID], 
    [Extent2].[OrderID] AS [OrderID], 
    [Extent2].[ShipAddress] AS [ShipAddress], 
    [Extent1].[Address] AS [Address]
FROM  [dbo].[Employees] AS [Extent1]
INNER JOIN [dbo].[Orders] AS [Extent2] ON [Extent1].[EmployeeID] = [Extent2].[EmployeeID]

很明显是用的内连接方式,但是会不会有其他方式呢?那么再来一段代码看看:

var data = dbContext.Employees.Join(dbContext.Orders, e => e.EmployeeID, o => o.EmployeeID, (e, o) => new { EmployeeID = e.EmployeeID, OrderID = o.OrderID });

对应的SQL语句如下:

SELECT 
    [Extent1].[EmployeeID] AS [EmployeeID], 
    [Extent1].[OrderID] AS [OrderID]
FROM [dbo].[Orders] AS [Extent1]
WHERE [Extent1].[EmployeeID] IS NOT NULL


看到了吧,没有inner join了,本意是要查找Employee对应的订单,但是上面的代码只返回了EmpoloyeeID和OrderID,因为查找Employee对应的订单,本来就可以直接在Orders中查找的,所以EF还是对此代码做了优化,免去了inner join。

既然连接已经写好了,那么要对返回的结果进行筛选你可以调用Where等扩展方法了。


接下来看看GroupJoin

public static IQueryable<TResult> GroupJoin<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>(this IQueryable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Expression<Func<TOuter, TKey>> outerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TInner, TKey>> innerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TOuter, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>> resultSelector);

来看个例子:

Products表有一个CategoryID的属性,但是Category中并没要存储对应的ProductID,如果要查找Category下的Product我们该怎么做呢?如下:

var data = dbContext.Categories.GroupJoin(dbContext.Products, c => c.CategoryID, p => p.CategoryID, (c, p) => new { CategoryID = c.CategoryID, ProductList = p });

对应的SQL语句如下:

SELECT 
[Project1].[CategoryID] AS [CategoryID], 
[Project1].[C1] AS [C1], 
[Project1].[ProductID] AS [ProductID], 
[Project1].[ProductName] AS [ProductName], 
[Project1].[SupplierID] AS [SupplierID], 
[Project1].[CategoryID1] AS [CategoryID1], 
[Project1].[QuantityPerUnit] AS [QuantityPerUnit], 
[Project1].[UnitPrice] AS [UnitPrice], 
[Project1].[UnitsInStock] AS [UnitsInStock], 
[Project1].[UnitsOnOrder] AS [UnitsOnOrder], 
[Project1].[ReorderLevel] AS [ReorderLevel], 
[Project1].[Discontinued] AS [Discontinued]
FROM ( SELECT 
    [Extent1].[CategoryID] AS [CategoryID], 
    [Extent2].[ProductID] AS [ProductID], 
    [Extent2].[ProductName] AS [ProductName], 
    [Extent2].[SupplierID] AS [SupplierID], 
    [Extent2].[CategoryID] AS [CategoryID1], 
    [Extent2].[QuantityPerUnit] AS [QuantityPerUnit], 
    [Extent2].[UnitPrice] AS [UnitPrice], 
    [Extent2].[UnitsInStock] AS [UnitsInStock], 
    [Extent2].[UnitsOnOrder] AS [UnitsOnOrder], 
    [Extent2].[ReorderLevel] AS [ReorderLevel], 
    [Extent2].[Discontinued] AS [Discontinued], 
    CASE WHEN ([Extent2].[ProductID] IS NULL) THEN CAST(NULL AS int) ELSE 1 END AS [C1]
    FROM  [dbo].[Categories] AS [Extent1]
    LEFT OUTER JOIN [dbo].[Products] AS [Extent2] ON [Extent1].[CategoryID] = [Extent2].[CategoryID]
)  AS [Project1]
ORDER BY [Project1].[CategoryID] ASC, [Project1].[C1] ASC


不明白外面为什么又嵌套一层select,完全可以将排序放到内侧的查询中的嘛,然后把外面查询给去掉就得了!


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