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C#入门代码集

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一般的小东西:
  一、从控制台读取东西代码片断:
  using System;
  
  class TestReadConsole
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   Console.Write("Enter your name:");
   string strName = Console.ReadLine();
   Console.WriteLine(" Hi "+ strName);
   }
  }
  二、读文件代码片断:
  using System;
  using System.IO;
  
  public class TestReadFile
  {
   public static void Main(String[] args)
   {
   // Read text file C:/temp/test.txt
   FileStream fs = new FileStream(@"c:/temp/test.txt" , FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
   StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fs);
  
   String line=sr.ReadLine();
   while (line!=null)
   {
   Console.WriteLine(line);
   line=sr.ReadLine();
   }
  
   sr.Close();
   fs.Close();
   }
  }
  三、写文件代码:
  using System;
  using System.IO;
  
  public class TestWriteFile
  {
   public static void Main(String[] args)
   {
   // Create a text file C:/temp/test.txt
   FileStream fs = new FileStream(@"c:/temp/test.txt" , FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
   StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);
   // Write to the file using StreamWriter class
   sw.BaseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End);
   sw.WriteLine(" First Line ");
   sw.WriteLine(" Second Line");
   sw.Flush();
   }
  }
  四、拷贝文件:
  using System;
  using System.IO;
  
  class TestCopyFile
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   File.Copy("c://temp//source.txt", "C://temp//dest.txt" );
   }
  }
  五、移动文件:
  using System;
  using System.IO;
  
  class TestMoveFile
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   File.Move("c://temp//abc.txt", "C://temp//def.txt" );
   }
  }
  六、使用计时器:
  using System;
  using System.Timers;
  
  class TestTimer
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   Timer timer = new Timer();
   timer.Elapsed += new ElapsedEventHandler( DisplayTimeEvent );
   timer.Interval = 1000;
   timer.Start();
   timer.Enabled = true;
  
   while ( Console.Read() != 'q' )
   {
  
   }
   }
  
   public static void DisplayTimeEvent( object source, ElapsedEventArgs e )
   {
   Console.Write("/r{0}", DateTime.Now);
   }
  }
  七、调用外部程序:
  class Test
  {
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
   System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("notepad.exe");
   }
  }
  ADO.NET方面的:
  八、连接Access数据库:
  using System;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Data.OleDb;
  
  class TestADO
  {
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
   string strDSN = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c://test.mdb";
   string strSQL = "SELECT * FROM employees" ;
  
   OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(strDSN);
   OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand( strSQL, conn );
   OleDbDataReader reader = null;
   try
   {
   conn.Open();
   reader = cmd.ExecuteReader();
   while (reader.Read() )
   {
   Console.WriteLine("First Name:{0}, Last Name:{1}", reader["FirstName"], reader["LastName"]);
   }
   }
   catch (Exception e)
   {
   Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
   }
   finally
   {
   conn.Close();
   }
   }
  }
  九、连接SQL Server数据库:
  using System;
  using System.Data.SqlClient;
  
  public class TestADO
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=localhost; Integrated Security=SSPI; Initial Catalog=pubs");
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("SELECT * FROM employees", conn);
   try
   {
   conn.Open();
  
   SqlDataReader reader = cmd.ExecuteReader();
   while (reader.Read())
   {
   Console.WriteLine("First Name: {0}, Last Name: {1}", reader.GetString(0), reader.GetString(1));
   }
  
   reader.Close();
   conn.Close();
   }
   catch(Exception e)
   {
   Console.WriteLine("Exception Occured -->> {0}",e);
   }
   }
  }
  十、从SQL内读数据到XML:
  using System;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Xml;
  using System.Data.SqlClient;
  using System.IO;
  
  public class TestWriteXML
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
  
   String strFileName="c:/temp/output.xml";
  
   SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("server=localhost;uid=sa;pwd=;database=db");
  
   String strSql = "SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM employees";
  
   SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter();
  
   adapter.SelectCommand = new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
  
   // Build the DataSet
   DataSet ds = new DataSet();
  
   adapter.Fill(ds, "employees");
  
   // Get a FileStream object
   FileStream fs = new FileStream(strFileName,FileMode.OpenOrCreate,FileAccess.Write);
  
   // Apply the WriteXml method to write an XML document
   ds.WriteXml(fs);
  
   fs.Close();
  
   }
  }
  十一、用ADO添加数据到数据库中:
  using System;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Data.OleDb;
  
  class TestADO
  {
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
   string strDSN = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;DataSource=c:/test.mdb";
   string strSQL = "INSERT INTO Employee(FirstName, LastName) VALUES('FirstName', 'LastName')" ;
  
   // create Objects of ADOConnection and ADOCommand
   OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(strDSN);
   OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand( strSQL, conn );
   try
   {
   conn.Open();
   cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
   }
   catch (Exception e)
   {
   Console.WriteLine("Oooops. I did it again:/n{0}", e.Message);
   }
   finally
   {
   conn.Close();
   }
   }
  }
  十二、使用OLEConn连接数据库:
  using System;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Data.OleDb;
  
  class TestADO
  {
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
   string strDSN = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;DataSource=c:/test.mdb";
   string strSQL = "SELECT * FROM employee" ;
  
   OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(strDSN);
   OleDbDataAdapter cmd = new OleDbDataAdapter( strSQL, conn );
  
   conn.Open();
   DataSet ds = new DataSet();
   cmd.Fill( ds, "employee" );
   DataTable dt = ds.Tables[0];
  
   foreach( DataRow dr in dt.Rows )
   {
   Console.WriteLine("First name: "+ dr["FirstName"].ToString() + " Last name: "+ dr["LastName"].ToString());
   }
   conn.Close();
   }
  }
  十三、读取表的属性:
  using System;
  using System.Data;
  using System.Data.OleDb;
  
  class TestADO
  {
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
   string strDSN = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;DataSource=c:/test.mdb";
   string strSQL = "SELECT * FROM employee" ;
  
   OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(strDSN);
   OleDbDataAdapter cmd = new OleDbDataAdapter( strSQL, conn );
  
   conn.Open();
   DataSet ds = new DataSet();
   cmd.Fill( ds, "employee" );
   DataTable dt = ds.Tables[0];
  
   Console.WriteLine("Field Name DataType Unique AutoIncrement AllowNull");
   Console.WriteLine("==================================================================");
   foreach( DataColumn dc in dt.Columns )
   {
   Console.WriteLine(dc.ColumnName+" , "+dc.DataType +" ,"+dc.Unique +" ,"+dc.AutoIncrement+" ,"+dc.AllowDBNull );
   }
   conn.Close();
   }
  }
  ASP.NET方面的
  十四、一个ASP.NET程序:
  <%@ Page Language="C#" %>
  <script runat="server">
  
   void Button1_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
   {
   Label1.Text=TextBox1.Text;
   }
  
  </script>
  <html>
  <head>
  </head>
  <body>
   <form runat="server">
   <p>
   <br />
   Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
   </p>
   <p>
   <b><asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server" Width="247px"></asp:Label></b>
   </p>
   <p>
   <asp:Button id="Button1" onclick="Button1_Click" runat="server" Text="Submit"></asp:Button>
   </p>
   </form>
  </body>
  </html>
  WinForm开发:
  十五、一个简单的WinForm程序:
  using System;
  using System.Drawing;
  using System.Collections;
  using System.ComponentModel;
  using System.Windows.Forms;
  using System.Data;
  
  
  public class SimpleForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
  {
  
   private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
   private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
   private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;
   public SimpleForm()
   {
   InitializeComponent();
   }
  
   protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
   {
   if( disposing )
   {
   if (components != null)
   {
   components.Dispose();
   }
   }
   base.Dispose( disposing );
   }
  
   #region Windows Form Designer generated code
   private void InitializeComponent()
   {
  
   this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
   this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300,300);
   this.Text = "Form1";
  
   this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
   this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.SuspendLayout();
   //
   // button1
   //
  
   this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
   this.button1.Name = "button1";
   this.button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(80, 24);
   this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
   this.button1.Text = "button1";
  
   //
   // textBox1
   //
   this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(112, 16);
   this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
   this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(160, 20);
   this.textBox1.TabIndex = 1;
   this.textBox1.Text = "textBox1";
   //
   // Form1
   //
  
   this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
   this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
   this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
   this.textBox1,
   this.button1});
   this.Name = "Form1";
   this.Text = "Form1";
   this.ResumeLayout(false);
  
   }
   #endregion
  
   [STAThread]
   static void Main()
   {
   Application.Run(new SimpleForm());
   }
  }
  十六、运行时显示自己定义的图标:
  //load icon and set to form
  System.Drawing.Icon ico = new System.Drawing.Icon(@"c:/temp/app.ico");
  this.Icon = ico;
  十七、添加组件到ListBox中:
  private void Form1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   string str = "First item";
   int i = 23;
   float flt = 34.98f;
   listBox1.Items.Add(str);
   listBox1.Items.Add(i.ToString());
   listBox1.Items.Add(flt.ToString());
   listBox1.Items.Add("Last Item in the List Box");
  }
  网络方面的:
  十八、取得IP地址:
  using System;
  using System.Net;
  
  class GetIP
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   IPHostEntry ipEntry = Dns.GetHostByName ("localhost");
   IPAddress [] IpAddr = ipEntry.AddressList;
   for (int i = 0; i < IpAddr.Length; i++)
   {
   Console.WriteLine ("IP Address {0}: {1} ", i, IpAddr[i].ToString ());
   }
   }
  }
  十九、取得机器名称:
  using System;
  using System.Net;
  
  class GetIP
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   Console.WriteLine ("Host name : {0}", Dns.GetHostName());
   }
  }
  二十、发送邮件:
  using System;
  using System.Web;
  using System.Web.Mail;
  
  public class TestSendMail
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   try
   {
   // Construct a new mail message
   MailMessage message = new MailMessage();
   message.From = "from@domain.com";
   message.To = "pengyun@cobainsoft.com";
   message.Cc = "";
   message.Bcc = "";
   message.Subject = "Subject";
   message.Body = "Content of message";
  
   //if you want attach file with this mail, add the line below
   message.Attachments.Add(new MailAttachment("c://attach.txt", MailEncoding.Base64));
  
   // Send the message
   SmtpMail.Send(message);
   System.Console.WriteLine("Message has been sent");
   }
  
   catch(Exception ex)
   {
   System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message.ToString());
   }
  
   }
  }
  二十一、根据IP地址得出机器名称:
  using System;
  using System.Net;
  
  class ResolveIP
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
   IPHostEntry ipEntry = Dns.Resolve("172.29.9.9");
   Console.WriteLine ("Host name : {0}", ipEntry.HostName);
   }
  }
  GDI+方面的:
  二十二、GDI+入门介绍:
  using System;
  using System.Drawing;
  using System.Collections;
  using System.ComponentModel;
  using System.Windows.Forms;
  using System.Data;
  
  public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
  {
   private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;
  
   public Form1()
   {
   InitializeComponent();
   }
  
   protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
   {
   if( disposing )
   {
   if (components != null)
   {
   components.Dispose();
   }
   }
   base.Dispose( disposing );
   }
  
   #region Windows Form Designer generated code
   private void InitializeComponent()
   {
   this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
   this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
   this.Name = "Form1";
   this.Text = "Form1";
   this.Paint += new System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventHandler(this.Form1_Paint);
   }
   #endregion
  
   [STAThread]
   static void Main()
   {
   Application.Run(new Form1());
   }
  
   private void Form1_Paint(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e)
   {
   Graphics g=e.Graphics;
   g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Blue),10,10,210,110);
   g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Red),10,10,200,100);
   g.DrawEllipse(new Pen(Color.Yellow),10,150,200,100);
   }
  }
  XML方面的:
  二十三、读取XML文件:
  using System;
  using System.Xml;
  
  class TestReadXML
  {
   public static void Main()
   {
  
   XmlTextReader reader = new XmlTextReader("C://test.xml");
   reader.Read();
  
   while (reader.Read())
   {
   reader.MoveToElement();
   Console.WriteLine("XmlTextReader Properties Test");
   Console.WriteLine("===================");
  
   // Read this properties of element and display them on console
   Console.WriteLine("Name:" + reader.Name);
   Console.WriteLine("Base URI:" + reader.BaseURI);
   Console.WriteLine("Local Name:" + reader.LocalName);
   Console.WriteLine("Attribute Count:" + reader.AttributeCount.ToString());
   Console.WriteLine("Depth:" + reader.Depth.ToString());
   Console.WriteLine("Line Number:" + reader.LineNumber.ToString());
   Console.WriteLine("Node Type:" + reader.NodeType.ToString());
   Console.WriteLine("Attribute Count:" + reader.Value.ToString());
   }
   }
  }
  二十四、写XML文件:
  using System;
  using System.Xml;
  
  public class TestWriteXMLFile
  {
   public static int Main(string[] args)
   {
   try
   {
   // Creates an XML file is not exist
   XmlTextWriter writer = new XmlTextWriter("C://temp//xmltest.xml", null);
   // Starts a new document
   writer.WriteStartDocument();
   //Write comments
   writer.WriteComment("Commentss: XmlWriter Test Program");
   writer.WriteProcessingInstruction("Instruction","Person Record");
   // Add elements to the file
   writer.WriteStartElement("p", "person", "urn:person");
   writer.WriteStartElement("LastName","");
   writer.WriteString("Chand");
   writer.WriteEndElement();
   writer.WriteStartElement("FirstName","");
   writer.WriteString("Mahesh");
   writer.WriteEndElement();
   writer.WriteElementInt16("age","", 25);
   // Ends the document
   writer.WriteEndDocument();
   }
   catch (Exception e)
   {
   Console.WriteLine ("Exception: {0}", e.ToString());
   }
   return 0;
   }
  }
  Web Service方面的:
  二十五、一个Web Service的小例子:
  <% @WebService Language="C#" Class="TestWS" %>
  
  using System.Web.Services;
  
  public class TestWS : System.Web.Services.WebService
  {
   [WebMethod()]
   public string StringFromWebService()
   {
   return "This is a string from web service.";
   }
  } 
 
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