Android网络编程之使用HttpClient批量上传文件(二)AsyncTask+HttpClient并实现上传进度监听

标签: AsyncTaskHttpClientAndroid文件多文件上传Android监听文件上传进度
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Android网络编程之使用HttpClient批量上传文件(二)AsyncTask+HttpClient并实现上传进度监听


 运行效果图:

AsyncTask+HttpClient并实现上传进度监听

        我曾在《Android网络编程之使用HttpClient批量上传文件》一文中介绍过如何通过HttpClient实现多文件上传和服务器的接收。在上一篇主要使用Handler+HttpClient的方式实现文件上传。这一篇将介绍使用AsyncTask+HttpClient实现文件上传并监听上传进度。

监控进度实现:

首先定义监听器接口。如下所示:

/**
 * 进度监听器接口
 */
public interface ProgressListener {
    public void transferred(longtransferedBytes);
}

        实现监控进度的关键部分就在于记录已传输字节数,所以我们需重载FilterOutputStream,重写其中的关键方法,实现进度监听的功能,如下所示,本例中首先重载的是HttpEntityWrapper,顾名思义,就是将需发送的HttpEntity打包,以便计算总字节数,代码如下:

package com.jph.ufh.utils;

import java.io.FilterOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.HttpEntityWrapper;

/**
 * ProgressOutHttpEntity:输出流(OutputStream)时记录已发送字节数
 * @author JPH
 * Date:2014.11.03
 */
public class ProgressOutHttpEntity extends HttpEntityWrapper {
	/**进度监听对象**/
    private final ProgressListener listener;
    public ProgressOutHttpEntity(final HttpEntity entity,final ProgressListener listener) {
        super(entity);
        this.listener = listener;
    }

    public static class CountingOutputStream extends FilterOutputStream {

        private final ProgressListener listener;
        private long transferred;

        CountingOutputStream(final OutputStream out,
                final ProgressListener listener) {
            super(out);
            this.listener = listener;
            this.transferred = 0;
        }

        @Override
        public void write(final byte[] b, final int off, final int len)
                throws IOException {
            out.write(b, off, len);
            this.transferred += len;
            this.listener.transferred(this.transferred);
        }

        @Override
        public void write(final int b) throws IOException {
            out.write(b);
            this.transferred++;
            this.listener.transferred(this.transferred);
        }

    }

    @Override
    public void writeTo(final OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        this.wrappedEntity.writeTo(out instanceof CountingOutputStream ? out
                : new CountingOutputStream(out, this.listener));
    }
    /**
     * 进度监听器接口
     */
    public interface ProgressListener {
        public void transferred(long transferedBytes);
    }
}

 

最后就是使用上述实现的类和Httpclient进行上传并显示进度的功能,非常简单,代码如下,使用AsyncTask异步上传。

/**
 * 异步AsyncTask+HttpClient上传文件,支持多文件上传,并显示上传进度
 * @author JPH
 * Date:2014.10.09
 * last modified 2014.11.03
 */
public class UploadUtilsAsync extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, String>{
	/**服务器路径**/
	private String url;
	/**上传的参数**/
	private Map<String,String>paramMap;
	/**要上传的文件**/
	private ArrayList<File>files;
	private long totalSize;
	private Context context;
	private ProgressDialog progressDialog;
	public UploadUtilsAsync(Context context,String url,Map<String, String>paramMap,ArrayList<File>files) {
		this.context=context;
		this.url=url;
		this.paramMap=paramMap;
		this.files=files;
	}

	@Override
	protected void onPreExecute() {//执行前的初始化
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		progressDialog=new ProgressDialog(context);
		progressDialog.setTitle("请稍等...");			
		progressDialog.setProgressStyle(ProgressDialog.STYLE_HORIZONTAL);
		progressDialog.setCancelable(true);
		progressDialog.show();
		super.onPreExecute();
	}

	@Override
	protected String doInBackground(String... params) {//执行任务
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		MultipartEntityBuilder builder = MultipartEntityBuilder.create();
		builder.setCharset(Charset.forName(HTTP.UTF_8));//设置请求的编码格式
		builder.setMode(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE);//设置浏览器兼容模式
		int count=0;
		for (File file:files) {
//			FileBody fileBody = new FileBody(file);//把文件转换成流对象FileBody
//			builder.addPart("file"+count, fileBody);
			builder.addBinaryBody("file"+count, file);
			count++;
		}		
		builder.addTextBody("method", paramMap.get("method"));//设置请求参数
		builder.addTextBody("fileTypes", paramMap.get("fileTypes"));//设置请求参数
		HttpEntity entity = builder.build();// 生成 HTTP POST 实体  	
		totalSize = entity.getContentLength();//获取上传文件的大小
        ProgressOutHttpEntity progressHttpEntity = new ProgressOutHttpEntity(
        		entity, new ProgressListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void transferred(long transferedBytes) {
                        publishProgress((int) (100 * transferedBytes / totalSize));//更新进度
                    }
                });
        return uploadFile(url, progressHttpEntity);
	}

	@Override
	protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... values) {//执行进度
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Log.i("info", "values:"+values[0]);
		progressDialog.setProgress((int)values[0]);//更新进度条
		super.onProgressUpdate(values);
	}

	@Override
	protected void onPostExecute(String result) {//执行结果
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Log.i("info", result);
		Toast.makeText(context, result, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
		progressDialog.dismiss();
		super.onPostExecute(result);
	}
	/**
	 * 向服务器上传文件
	 * @param url
	 * @param entity
	 * @return
	 */
	public String uploadFile(String url, ProgressOutHttpEntity entity) {				
		HttpClient httpClient=new DefaultHttpClient();// 开启一个客户端 HTTP 请求 
        httpClient.getParams().setParameter(CoreProtocolPNames.PROTOCOL_VERSION, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        httpClient.getParams().setParameter(CoreConnectionPNames.CONNECTION_TIMEOUT, 5000);// 设置连接超时时间
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);//创建 HTTP POST 请求  
        httpPost.setEntity(entity);
        try {
            HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            if (httpResponse.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
                return "文件上传成功";
            }
        } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ConnectTimeoutException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (httpClient != null && httpClient.getConnectionManager() != null) {
                httpClient.getConnectionManager().shutdown();
            }
        }
        return "文件上传失败";
    }
}

        关于服务器端如何接收:可以参考:《Android网络编程之使用HttpClient批量上传文件》,我在里面已经介绍的很清楚了。

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