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centos5.4系统中下载和安装mysql5.0.77(系统中已经自带包含安装包)

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1. 首先配置一下 yum 的源,指向光驱。

 (1) 光驱中放入系统盘

(2) mount -t iso9660 -o ro /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

(3) 备份一下 yum 原始配置:

cp /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.bak

(4) 修改配置  vim /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

在文件末尾添加如下内容:

Centos-base.repo代码  
  1. [DVDROM]   
  2. name=myyum   
  3. baseurl=file:///mnt/cdrom/   
  4. gpgcheck=0  
  5. enabled=1  
[DVDROM]name=myyumbaseurl=file:///mnt/cdrom/gpgcheck=0enabled=1

 好了,配置完成。

 

2. 使用 yum 命令安装 mysql

yum  groupinstall mysql (此命令可以在电脑联网的情况下,不使用光驱进行网络下载和自动安装所有依赖包和主程序,安装的是官方提供的最新版本,对于版本号可以在过程当中发现。此次实验发现使用的是mysql5.0.77 是latest最近的版本)

 

分析完后,有个下载询问, 更新一点内容,内容不大。输入 y [回车]

 

mysql就自动装好了, 太方便了。

 

3. 查看一下有没有mysql服务

chkconfig --list | grep mysql

 

mysqld        0:off        1:off        2:off        3:off        4:off        5:off        6:off

 

4. 启动mysqld

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

 

starting MySQL:                                                           [ok]

 

5. 修改root账号密码

mysqladmin -u root password '123456'

 

6. 连接到mysql

mysql -u root -p    

 输入密码

 

 

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 4
Server version: 5.0.77 Source distribution

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql>

 

 

此次实验自动下载和安装过程:

[root@localhost init.d]# yum  groupinstall mysql
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.ustc.edu.cn
 * extras: centos.ustc.edu.cn
 * updates: centos.ustc.edu.cn
Setting up Group Process
Checking for new repos for mirrors
Package mysql-5.0.77-4.el5_6.6.i386 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package MySQL-python.i386 0:1.2.1-1 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: mx for package: MySQL-python
---> Package libdbi-dbd-mysql.i386 0:0.8.1a-1.2.2 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libdbi-drivers = 0.8.1a-1.2.2 for package: libdbi-dbd-mysql
---> Package mysql-connector-odbc.i386 0:3.51.26r1127-1.el5 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libltdl.so.3 for package: mysql-connector-odbc
---> Package mysql-server.i386 0:5.0.77-4.el5_6.6 set to be updated
---> Package perl-DBD-MySQL.i386 0:3.0007-2.el5 set to be updated
---> Package unixODBC.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libdbi-drivers.i386 0:0.8.1a-1.2.2 set to be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libdbi >= 0.8 for package: libdbi-drivers
---> Package libtool-ltdl.i386 0:1.5.22-7.el5_4 set to be updated
---> Package mx.i386 0:2.0.6-2.2.2 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libdbi.i386 0:0.8.1-2.1 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

==========================================================================================
 Package                      Arch         Version                     Repository    Size
==========================================================================================
Installing:
 MySQL-python                 i386         1.2.1-1                     base          82 k
 libdbi-dbd-mysql             i386         0.8.1a-1.2.2                base          17 k
 mysql-connector-odbc         i386         3.51.26r1127-1.el5          base         159 k
 mysql-server                 i386         5.0.77-4.el5_6.6            base         9.8 M
 perl-DBD-MySQL               i386         3.0007-2.el5                base         148 k
 unixODBC                     i386         2.2.11-7.1                  base         832 k
Installing for dependencies:
 libdbi                       i386         0.8.1-2.1                   base          35 k
 libdbi-drivers               i386         0.8.1a-1.2.2                base          14 k
 libtool-ltdl                 i386         1.5.22-7.el5_4              base          37 k
 mx                           i386         2.0.6-2.2.2                 base         558 k

Transaction Summary
==========================================================================================
Install     10 Package(s)         
Update       0 Package(s)         
Remove       0 Package(s)        

Total download size: 12 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/10): libdbi-drivers-0.8.1a-1.2.2.i386.rpm                       |  14 kB     00:00     
(2/10): libdbi-dbd-mysql-0.8.1a-1.2.2.i386.rpm                     |  17 kB     00:00     
(3/10): libdbi-0.8.1-2.1.i386.rpm                                  |  35 kB     00:00     
(4/10): libtool-ltdl-1.5.22-7.el5_4.i386.rpm                       |  37 kB     00:00     
(5/10): MySQL-python-1.2.1-1.i386.rpm                              |  82 kB     00:00     
(6/10): perl-DBD-MySQL-3.0007-2.el5.i386.rpm                       | 148 kB     00:00     
(7/10): mysql-connector-odbc-3.51.26r1127-1.el5.i386.rpm           | 159 kB     00:00     
(8/10): mx-2.0.6-2.2.2.i386.rpm                                    | 558 kB     00:00     
(9/10): unixODBC-2.2.11-7.1.i386.rpm                               | 832 kB     00:00     
(10/10): mysql-server-5.0.77-4.el5_6.6.i386.rpm                    | 9.8 MB     00:04     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                     1.9 MB/s |  12 MB     00:06     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing     : mx                                                                1/10 
  Installing     : perl-DBD-MySQL                                                    2/10 
  Installing     : libdbi                                                            3/10 
  Installing     : libtool-ltdl                                                      4/10 
  Installing     : unixODBC                                                          5/10 
  Installing     : mysql-connector-odbc                                              6/10 
  Installing     : mysql-server                                                      7/10 
  Installing     : MySQL-python                                                      8/10 
  Installing     : libdbi-drivers                                                    9/10 
  Installing     : libdbi-dbd-mysql                                                 10/10

Installed:
  MySQL-python.i386 0:1.2.1-1                      libdbi-dbd-mysql.i386 0:0.8.1a-1.2.2  
  mysql-connector-odbc.i386 0:3.51.26r1127-1.el5   mysql-server.i386 0:5.0.77-4.el5_6.6  
  perl-DBD-MySQL.i386 0:3.0007-2.el5               unixODBC.i386 0:2.2.11-7.1           

Dependency Installed:
  libdbi.i386 0:0.8.1-2.1                     libdbi-drivers.i386 0:0.8.1a-1.2.2         
  libtool-ltdl.i386 0:1.5.22-7.el5_4          mx.i386 0:2.0.6-2.2.2                     

Complete!

[root@localhost init.d]# chkconfig --list | grep mysql
mysqld          0:关闭  1:关闭  2:关闭  3:关闭  4:关闭  5:关闭  6:关闭

若想在3级别下自动开启,命令如下:

[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --level 3 mysqld on
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --list | grep mysql
mysqld          0:关闭  1:关闭  2:关闭  3:启用  4:关闭  5:关闭  6:关闭


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