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实验四Activity启动和跳转

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1.Activity传递参数

MainActivity.java

package zhku.edu.exp4_2;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import java.util.Calendar;
/**
 * Created by zhang on 2016/10/14.
 */
public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    EditText username,password,year;
    Button btn_login,btn_register;
    double x;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        btn_login=(Button)findViewById(R.id.btn_login);
        btn_register=(Button)findViewById(R.id.btn_register);

        username=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.username);
        password=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.password);
        year=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.year);

        btn_login.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {

                String et1=username.getText().toString();
                String et2=password.getText().toString();
                String et3=year.getText().toString();


                     try{
                         x=Double.parseDouble(et3);
             }catch (Exception e){
                 e.printStackTrace();
             }
                //获取当前时间
                Calendar currentTime= Calendar.getInstance();
                double currentYear=currentTime.get(Calendar.YEAR);

                double year=currentYear-x;

                Intent intent=new Intent(MainActivity.this,ResultActivity.class);
                intent.putExtra("username",et1);
                intent.putExtra("password",et2);
               intent.putExtra("year",year);
                startActivity(intent);
            }
        });

        btn_register.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent it=new Intent();
                it.setAction("MyActivity");
                it.addCategory("android.intent.category.DEFAULT");//可以省略
                startActivity(it);
            }
        });
    }
}
activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="zhku.edu.exp4_2.MainActivity">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/username"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="25sp"
        android:singleLine="true"
        android:hint="@string/username"
        />
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/password"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="25sp"
        android:singleLine="true"
        android:hint="@string/password"/>
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/year"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="25sp"
        android:singleLine="true"
        android:hint="@string/year"/>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_login"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="登录"
            />
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_register"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="注册"
            android:layout_marginLeft="120dp"
            />
    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

ResultActivity.java

package zhku.edu.exp4_2;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;
/**
 * Created by zhang on 2016/10/14.
 */
public class ResultActivity extends Activity{
    TextView tv_1,tv_2,tv_3;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_result);
        tv_1=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_1);
        tv_2=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_2);
        tv_3=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_3);

        Intent intent=getIntent();
        String username=intent.getStringExtra("username");
        String password=intent.getStringExtra("password");
        double age =intent.getDoubleExtra("year",0);//如果没输入,则默认值为0
        tv_1.setText(username);
        tv_2.setText(password);
        tv_3.setText(String.valueOf(age)+"岁");
    }
}

activity_result.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
        <EditText
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="你的用户名:"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/tv_1"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
    </LinearLayout>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
        <EditText
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="你的密码:"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/tv_2"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
    </LinearLayout>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
        <EditText
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="你的年龄:"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/tv_3"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="25sp"/>
    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>


2.Activity回传参数

MainActivity.java

package zhku.edu.exp4_3;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.EditText;
import java.util.ArrayList;
public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    EditText et_hobby;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        et_hobby=(EditText) findViewById(R.id.hobby);

        et_hobby.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent intent=new Intent(MainActivity.this,HobbyActivity.class);
                startActivityForResult(intent,0);
            }
        });
    }
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        //获取回传数据
        if(requestCode==0){//对应startActivityForResult的请求码
            if(resultCode==1){//对应HobbyActivity总的setResult
                Bundle bundle=data.getExtras();
                ArrayList<String> hobbies=bundle.getStringArrayList("Hobby");
                //从hobbies列举字符串到textview上
                for(int i=0;i<hobbies.size();i++){
                    et_hobby.setText(hobbies.get(i)+",");
                }
            }
           
        }
        }
}

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="zhku.edu.exp4_3.MainActivity">
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/username"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="@string/username"
        android:textSize="30sp"
        />
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/phone"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="@string/phone"
        android:textSize="30sp"
    />
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/hobby"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="@string/hobby"
        android:textSize="30sp"
        />
</LinearLayout>

activity_hobby.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:text="@string/yourhobby"
        android:textSize="35sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/program"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="编程"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/swim"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="游泳"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/run"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="跑步"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/fish"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="钓鱼"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/football"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="踢足球"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/basketball"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="打篮球"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/climb"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="爬山"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <CheckBox
        android:id="@+id/music"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="听音乐"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="30sp"/>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
    <Button
        android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
        android:id="@+id/btn_ok"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="确认选择"/>
    <Button
        android:layout_marginLeft="120dp"
        android:id="@+id/btn_cancel"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="取消返回"/>
</LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

HobbyActivity.java

package zhku.edu.exp4_3;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.CheckBox;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
/**
 * Created by zhang on 2016/10/15.
 */
public class HobbyActivity extends Activity implements View.OnClickListener {
    List<Integer> ids=new ArrayList<Integer>();
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_hobby);
        ids.add(R.id.program);
        ids.add(R.id.swim);
        ids.add(R.id.run);
        ids.add(R.id.fish);
        ids.add(R.id.football);
        ids.add(R.id.basketball);
        ids.add(R.id.climb);
        ids.add(R.id.music);
        findViewById(R.id.btn_ok).setOnClickListener(this);
        findViewById(R.id.btn_cancel).setOnClickListener(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        if(v.getId()==R.id.btn_cancel){
            setResult(0,null);//null的Intent返回
            finish();
        }
        ArrayList<String> hobbies=new ArrayList<String>();
        for(Integer id : ids){
            CheckBox chk=(CheckBox)findViewById(id);
            if(chk.isChecked()) {
                hobbies.add(chk.getText().toString());
            }
        }
        Intent intent=new Intent();
        intent.setClass(this,MainActivity.class);
        Bundle bundle=new Bundle();
        bundle.putStringArrayList("Hobby",hobbies);
        intent.putExtras(bundle);
        setResult(1,intent);
        finish();
    }
}


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