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JqGrid+json完整示例

标签: jqgridjsonweb server
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真没找到这样的例子,于是自已写了个,分享出来。

第一步,首先在WebService上,添加[System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptService]属性标签,让WebServer支持JSON.

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namespace jqGrid_JSON_WebService_Sample.Services
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Summary description for WebServiceGrid
    /// </summary>
    [WebService(Namespace = "http://tempuri.org/")]
    [WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo = WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)]
    [System.ComponentModel.ToolboxItem(false)]
    // To allow this Web Service to be called from script, using ASP.NET AJAX, uncomment the following line. 
    [System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptService]
    public class WebServiceGrid : System.Web.Services.WebService
    {
    }
}
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接着,添加ajax调用的后端代码,获取数据,返回JSON对象:

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        [WebMethod]
        public object Grid(bool? _search, string nd, int page, int rows, string sidx, string sord, string searchField, string searchString, string searchOper)
        {
            int count;
            var data = dc.Query<Issue>(string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(searchField) ? null : new string[] { searchField }, new string[] { searchOper }, new object[] { searchString }, null, new string[] { string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(sidx) ? "IssueID" : sidx }, new string[] { sord }, (page - 1) * rows, rows, out count);
            return (new
            {
                total = Math.Ceiling((float)count / (float)rows),
                page = page,
                records = count,
                rows = data.Select(item => new { id = item.IssueID, cell = new object[] { item.IssueID, item.Title, item.Description, item.Progress, item.CreateTime, item.Locked } })
            });
        }
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第二步,添加前台页面,首先添加各种的js,css引用,然后添加jqGrid所需的<div>和js代码:

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<%@ Page Title="" Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Site.Master" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="WebFormGrid.aspx.cs" Inherits="jqGrid_JSON_WebService_Sample.WebFormGrid" %>
<asp:Content ID="Content1" ContentPlaceHolderID="HeadContent" runat="server">
    <link href="/Content/smoothness/jquery-ui-1.8.17.custom.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <link href="/Content/Site.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <script src="/Scripts/jquery-1.7.1.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="/Scripts/jquery-ui-1.8.11.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <link href="/Content/ui.jqgrid.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <script src="/Scripts/i18n/grid.locale-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="/Scripts/jquery.jqGrid.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(function ()
        {
            $("#list #grid").jqGrid(
            {
                url: '/Services/WebServiceGrid.asmx/Grid',
                mtype: 'POST',
                ajaxGridOptions: { contentType: 'application/json; charset=utf-8' },
                serializeGridData: function (postData)
                {
                    if (postData.searchField === undefined) postData.searchField = null;
                    if (postData.searchString === undefined) postData.searchString = null;
                    if (postData.searchOper === undefined) postData.searchOper = null;
                    return JSON.stringify(postData);
                },
                jsonReader:
                {
                    root: "d.rows",
                    page: "d.page",
                    total: "d.total",
                    records: "d.records"
                },
                datatype: "json",
                colNames:
                [
                    'IssueID',
                    'Title',
                    'Description',
                    'Progress',
                    'CreateTime',
                    'Locked'
                ],
                colModel:
                [
                    { name: 'IssueID', width: 100, index: 'IssueID' },
                    { name: 'Title', width: 100, index: 'Title' },
                    { name: 'Description', width: 300, index: 'Description' },
                    { name: 'Progress', width: 150, index: 'Progress' },
                    { name: 'CreateTime', width: 100, index: 'CreateTime', formatter:'date',  sorttype:'datetime', datefmt:'M d h:i' },
                    { name: 'Locked', width: 100, index: 'Locked' }
                ],
                rowNum: 10,
                rowList: [10, 15, 20, 25, 40],
                pager: '#pager',
                viewrecords: true,
                sortorder: "desc",
                width: 900,
                height: 240,
            });

            $("#list #grid").jqGrid('navGrid', '#pager', { edit: false, add: false, del: false });
        });
</script>
</asp:Content>
<asp:Content ID="Content2" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server">
    <div id="list">
    <table id="grid">
    </table>
    <div id="pager">
    </div>
</asp:Content>
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注意jqGrid函数据前面的部分代码:

                url: '/Services/WebServiceGrid.asmx/Grid',
                mtype: 'POST',
                ajaxGridOptions: { contentType: 'application/json; charset=utf-8' },

通过url指定WebService方法,mtype指定使用POST方法,contentType指定为json,这样WebService才会返回json对象。

可是,返回的数据是放在一个属性名为d的对象里,所以还要添加 jsonReader,来作数据映射:

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 jsonReader:
                {
                    root: "d.rows",
                    page: "d.page",
                    total: "d.total",
                    records: "d.records"
                },
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最后,为了保证查询时能够POST正确的参数,还要对POST的参数值进行检查:

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                serializeGridData: function (postData)
                {
                    if (postData.searchField === undefined) postData.searchField = null;
                    if (postData.searchString === undefined) postData.searchString = null;
                    if (postData.searchOper === undefined) postData.searchOper = null;
                    return JSON.stringify(postData);
                },
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