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SGU 176 Flow construction 网络流 有上下界限制最小流

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1.构建附加网络

2.求 ss 到 tt 的最大流

3.加入 t 到 s 容量为 INF 的边

4.再对 ss 到 tt 求一次最大流

5.若 ss 和 tt 满流,则 t 到 s 的流量即为最小流

6.若 5 不满足,则无可行流

#include<iostream>
#include<queue>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<vector>
#include<cstring>
#include<cstdio>
using namespace std;
const int INF = 0x7ffffff;
const int MAXN = 205;
const int MAXM = MAXN * MAXN;
int n, m, s, t, cnt;
bool vis[MAXN];
int head[MAXN], deg[MAXM], dl[MAXM], cap[MAXM];
int d[MAXN], cur[MAXN], que[MAXN];
struct edge_{
    int from, to, cap, flow, next;
}edge[MAXM];

void init(){
    memset(head, -1, sizeof(head));
    memset(edge, -1, sizeof(edge));
    memset(deg, 0, sizeof(deg));
    memset(dl, 0, sizeof(dl));
    cnt = 0;
}

void add(int from, int to, int cap){
    edge[cnt].from = from, edge[cnt].to = to;
    edge[cnt].cap = cap, edge[cnt].next = head[from];
    edge[cnt].flow = 0;
    head[from] = cnt++;
    edge[cnt].from = to, edge[cnt].to = from;
    edge[cnt].cap = 0, edge[cnt].next = head[to];
    edge[cnt].flow = 0;
    head[to] = cnt++;
}

bool bfs(){
    memset(vis, false, sizeof(vis));
    memset(d, 0, sizeof(d));
    d[s] = 0, vis[s] = 1, que[0] = s;
    int tail = 0, front = 1;
    while(tail < front){
        int x = que[tail++];
        for(int now = head[x]; ~now; now = edge[now].next){
            edge_ &e = edge[now];
            if(!vis[e.to] && e.cap > e.flow){
                vis[e.to] = 1;
                d[e.to] = d[x] + 1;
                que[front++] = e.to;
            }
        }
    }
    return vis[t];
}

int dfs(int x, int a){
    if(x == t || a == 0)
        return a;
    int flow = 0, f;
    for(int &now = cur[x]; ~now; now = edge[now].next){
        edge_ &e = edge[now];
        if(d[x] + 1 == d[e.to] && (f = dfs(e.to, min(a, e.cap - e.flow))) > 0){
            e.flow +=f;
            edge[now ^ 1].flow -= f;
            flow += f;
            a -= f;
            if(a == 0)
                break;
        }
    }
    return flow;
}

int maxFlow(int _s, int _t, int _n){
    s = _s, t = _t, n = _n;
    int flow = 0;
    while(bfs()){
        for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
            cur[i] = head[i];
        flow += dfs(s, INF);
    }
    return flow;
}

int main(){
    int n, m, s, t, l, r, ok, c;
    while(~scanf("%d%d", &n, &m)){
        init();
        int ss = n + 1, tt = n + 2, sumf = 0, sum = 0;
        for(int i = 1; i <= m; ++i){
            scanf("%d%d%d%d", &s, &t, &c, &ok);
            cap[i] = c;
            if(t == n)
                sumf += c;
            if(ok){
                deg[s] -= c, deg[t] += c, dl[i] = c;
                add(s, t, 0);
            }
            else
                add(s, t, c);
        }
        for(int i = 1; i <= n; ++i){
            if(deg[i] > 0)
                add(ss, i, deg[i]), sum += deg[i];
            else if(deg[i] < 0)
                add(i, tt, -deg[i]);
        }
        int ans = 0;
        ans = maxFlow(ss, tt, n + 2);
        add(n, 1, INF);
        ans += maxFlow(ss, tt, n + 2);
        if(ans != sum){
            printf("Impossible\n");
        }
        else{
            printf("%d\n", edge[cnt - 2].flow);
            for(int i = 0; i < m; ++i)
                printf(i == 0 ? "%d" : " %d", edge[i * 2].flow + dl[i + 1]);
            printf("\n");
        }
    }
    return 0;
}


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