错误:Only the original thread that created a view hierarchy can touch its views——Handler的使用

转载 2013年07月06日 10:07:09

今天写了一个更新UI的小例子,没想到出了log打印了这样一个错误:Only the original thread that created a view hierarchy can touch its views。goolgle了一下找到了原因。

原来android中相关的view和控件不是线程安全的,我们必须单独做处理。这里借此引出Handler的使用。

 

  Handler的官方描述:


A Handler allows you to send and process Message and Runnable objects associated with a thread's MessageQueue. Each Handler instance is associated with a single thread and that thread's message queue. When you create a new Handler, it is bound to the thread / message queue of the thread that is creating it -- from that point on, it will deliver messages and runnables to that message queue and execute them as they come out of the message queue


.Handler的使用场合:

 

1、 to schedule messages and runnables to be executed as some point in the future;

      安排messages和runnables在将来的某个时间点执行。

2、 to enqueue an action to be performed on a different thread than your own.

      将action入队以备在一个不同的线程中执行。即可以实现线程间通信。比如当你创建子线程时,你可以再你的子线程中拿到父线程中创建的Handler对象,就可以通过该对象向父线程的消息队列发送消息了。由于Android要求在UI线程中更新界面,因此,可以通过该方法在其它线程中更新界面。


通过Handler更新UI实例:

步骤:

1、创建Handler对象(此处创建于主线程中便于更新UI)。

2、构建Runnable对象,在Runnable中更新界面。

3、在子线程的run方法中向UI线程post,runnable对象来更新UI。

 

详细代码如下:

[java] view plaincopy
  1. package djx.android;  
  2.   
  3. import djx.downLoad.DownFiles;  
  4. import android.app.Activity;  
  5. import android.os.Bundle;  
  6. import android.os.Handler;  
  7. import android.view.View;  
  8. import android.view.View.OnClickListener;  
  9. import android.widget.Button;  
  10. import android.widget.TextView;  
  11.   
  12. public class downLoadPractice extends Activity {  
  13.     private Button button_submit=null;  
  14.     private TextView textView=null;  
  15.     private String content=null;  
  16.     private Handler handler=null;  
  17.     /** Called when the activity is first created. */  
  18.     @Override  
  19.     public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
  20.         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
  21.         setContentView(R.layout.main);  
  22.         //创建属于主线程的handler  
  23.         handler=new Handler();  
  24.           
  25.         button_submit=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button_submit);  
  26.         textView=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView);  
  27.         button_submit.setOnClickListener(new submitOnClieckListener());  
  28.     }  
  29.     //为按钮添加监听器  
  30.     class submitOnClieckListener implements OnClickListener{  
  31.         @Override  
  32.         public void onClick(View v) {  
  33. //本地机器部署为服务器,从本地下载a.txt文件内容在textView上显示           
  34.             final DownFiles df=new DownFiles("http://192.168.75.1:8080/downLoadServer/a.txt");  
  35.             textView.setText("正在加载......");  
  36.             new Thread(){  
  37.                 public void run(){    
  38.                     content=df.downLoadFiles();       
  39.                     handler.post(runnableUi);   
  40.                     }                     
  41.             }.start();                        
  42.         }  
  43.           
  44.     }   
  45.    // 构建Runnable对象,在runnable中更新界面  
  46.     Runnable   runnableUi=new  Runnable(){  
  47.         @Override  
  48.         public void run() {  
  49.             //更新界面  
  50.             textView.setText("the Content is:"+content);  
  51.         }    
  52.     };    
  53. }  

 

*java线程的详细讲解链接


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