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apache POI学习——(一)试验apache官方的例子程序

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apache POI学习——(一)

本文通过下载POI的jar包学习如何生成一个Excel文件。下面是生成Excel文件的例子。

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFDataFormat;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Cell;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.CellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.DataFormat;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Font;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Row;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook;

public class Main {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		// create a new file
		FileOutputStream out = null;
		try {
			out = new FileOutputStream("d:/123/workbook.xls");
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		// create a new workbook
		Workbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
		// create a new sheet
		Sheet s = wb.createSheet();
		// declare a row object reference
		Row r = null;
		// declare a cell object reference
		Cell c = null;
		// create 3 cell styles
		CellStyle cs = wb.createCellStyle();
		CellStyle cs2 = wb.createCellStyle();
		CellStyle cs3 = wb.createCellStyle();
		DataFormat df = wb.createDataFormat();
		// create 2 fonts objects
		Font f = wb.createFont();
		Font f2 = wb.createFont();

		//set font 1 to 12 point type
		f.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 12);
		//make it blue
		f.setColor( (short)0xc );
		// make it bold
		//arial is the default font
		f.setBoldweight(Font.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);

		//set font 2 to 10 point type
		f2.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 10);
		//make it red
		f2.setColor( (short)Font.COLOR_RED );
		//make it bold
		f2.setBoldweight(Font.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);

		f2.setStrikeout( true );

		//set cell stlye
		cs.setFont(f);
		//set the cell format 
		cs.setDataFormat(df.getFormat("#,##0.0"));

		//set a thin border
		cs2.setBorderBottom(cs2.BORDER_THIN);
		//fill w fg fill color
		cs2.setFillPattern((short) CellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);
		//set the cell format to text see DataFormat for a full list
		cs2.setDataFormat(HSSFDataFormat.getBuiltinFormat("text"));

		// set the font
		cs2.setFont(f2);

		// set the sheet name in Unicode
		wb.setSheetName(0, "sheet name" );
		// in case of plain ascii
		// wb.setSheetName(0, "HSSF Test");
		// create a sheet with 30 rows (0-29)
		int rownum;
		for (rownum = (short) 0; rownum < 30; rownum++)
		{
		    // create a row
		    r = s.createRow(rownum);
		    // on every other row
		    if ((rownum % 2) == 0)
		    {
		        // make the row height bigger  (in twips - 1/20 of a point)
		        r.setHeight((short) 0x249);
		    }

		    //r.setRowNum(( short ) rownum);
		    // create 10 cells (0-9) (the += 2 becomes apparent later
		    for (short cellnum = (short) 0; cellnum < 10; cellnum += 2)
		    {
		        // create a numeric cell
		        c = r.createCell(cellnum);
		        // do some goofy math to demonstrate decimals
		        c.setCellValue(rownum * 10000 + cellnum
		                + (((double) rownum / 1000)
		                + ((double) cellnum / 10000)));

		        String cellValue;

		        // create a string cell (see why += 2 in the
		        c = r.createCell((short) (cellnum + 1));
		        
		        // on every other row
		        if ((rownum % 2) == 0)
		        {
		            // set this cell to the first cell style we defined
		            c.setCellStyle(cs);
		            // set the cell's string value to "Test"
		            c.setCellValue( "Test" );
		        }
		        else
		        {
		            c.setCellStyle(cs2);
		            // set the cell's string value to "\u0422\u0435\u0441\u0442"
		            c.setCellValue( "\u0422\u0435\u0441\u0442" );
		        }


		        // make this column a bit wider
		        s.setColumnWidth((short) (cellnum + 1), (short) ((50 * 8) / ((double) 1 / 20)));
		    }
		}

		//draw a thick black border on the row at the bottom using BLANKS
		// advance 2 rows
		rownum++;
		rownum++;

		r = s.createRow(rownum);

		// define the third style to be the default
		// except with a thick black border at the bottom
		cs3.setBorderBottom(cs3.BORDER_THICK);

		//create 50 cells
		for (short cellnum = (short) 0; cellnum < 50; cellnum++)
		{
		    //create a blank type cell (no value)
		    c = r.createCell(cellnum);
		    // set it to the thick black border style
		    c.setCellStyle(cs3);
		}

		//end draw thick black border


		// demonstrate adding/naming and deleting a sheet
		// create a sheet, set its title then delete it
		s = wb.createSheet();
		wb.setSheetName(1, "DeletedSheet");
		wb.removeSheetAt(1);
		//end deleted sheet

		// write the workbook to the output stream
		// close our file (don't blow out our file handles
		try {
			wb.write(out);
			out.close();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
		
	}

}

生成的效果如图:


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