Huffman Codes(使用priority_queue)

05-树9 Huffman Codes   (30分)

In 1953, David A. Huffman published his paper "A Method for the Construction of Minimum-Redundancy Codes", and hence printed his name in the history of computer science. As a professor who gives the final exam problem on Huffman codes, I am encountering a big problem: the Huffman codes are NOT unique. For example, given a string "aaaxuaxz", we can observe that the frequencies of the characters 'a', 'x', 'u' and 'z' are 4, 2, 1 and 1, respectively. We may either encode the symbols as {'a'=0, 'x'=10, 'u'=110, 'z'=111}, or in another way as {'a'=1, 'x'=01, 'u'=001, 'z'=000}, both compress the string into 14 bits. Another set of code can be given as {'a'=0, 'x'=11, 'u'=100, 'z'=101}, but {'a'=0, 'x'=01, 'u'=011, 'z'=001} is NOT correct since "aaaxuaxz" and "aazuaxax" can both be decoded from the code 00001011001001. The students are submitting all kinds of codes, and I need a computer program to help me determine which ones are correct and which ones are not.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives an integer N (2N63), then followed by a line that contains all the Ndistinct characters and their frequencies in the following format:

c[1] f[1] c[2] f[2] ... c[N] f[N]

where c[i] is a character chosen from {'0' - '9', 'a' - 'z', 'A' - 'Z', '_'}, andf[i] is the frequency of c[i] and is an integer no more than 1000. The next line gives a positive integer M (1000), then followed by Mstudent submissions. Each student submission consists of N lines, each in the format:

c[i] code[i]

where c[i] is the i-th character and code[i] is an non-empty string of no more than 63 '0's and '1's.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in each line either "Yes" if the student's submission is correct, or "No" if not.

Note: The optimal solution is not necessarily generated by Huffman algorithm. Any prefix code with code length being optimal is considered correct.

Sample Input:

7
A 1 B 1 C 1 D 3 E 3 F 6 G 6
4
A 00000
B 00001
C 0001
D 001
E 01
F 10
G 11
A 01010
B 01011
C 0100
D 011
E 10
F 11
G 00
A 000
B 001
C 010
D 011
E 100
F 101
G 110
A 00000
B 00001
C 0001
D 001
E 00
F 10
G 11

Sample Output:

Yes
Yes
NoNo

#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
#include<queue>
#include<map>
#include<string>
using namespace std;

int TreeHeight;
int cnt=0;
int total=0;

map<char,int>m;

typedef struct TreeNode * Tree;
struct TreeNode{
	int data;
	char C;
	int height;
	Tree Left,Right;
};

struct cmp{
	bool operator()(Tree T1,Tree T2){
		return T1->data>T2->data;
	}
};

void Init(priority_queue<Tree,vector<Tree>,cmp>&p,int size){
	for(int i=0;i<size;i++){
		Tree T=new TreeNode;
		T->height=1;
		T->Left=T->Right=NULL;
		cin>>T->C>>T->data;
		m[T->C]=T->data;
		p.push(T);
	}
	while(p.size()>1){
		Tree T1=p.top();
		p.pop();
		Tree T2=p.top();
		p.pop();
		Tree T3=new TreeNode;
		T3->data=T1->data+T2->data;
		T3->C=' ';//新树的字符域为空格
		T3->Left=T1;
		T3->Right=T2;
		p.push(T3);
	}
	return ;
}

void PreOrder(Tree T){
	if(!T) return;
	else{
		if(T->Left==NULL&&T->Right==NULL){
		cnt=cnt+T->height*T->data;
		total++;
		}else{
			T->Left->height=T->height+1;
			T->Right->height=T->height+1;
			PreOrder(T->Left);
			PreOrder(T->Right);
		}
		return;
	}
}

void Compare(int size){
	int cmpcnt=0;
	char A;
	string B;
	vector<string>v;
	bool flag=false;
	for(int i=0;i<size;i++){
		cin>>A>>B;
		int lenv=v.size();
		for(int i=0;i<lenv;i++){
			if(v[i].find(B)==0) {flag=true;break;}
		}
		v.push_back(B);
		cmpcnt=cmpcnt+m[A]*B.length();
	}
	if(cmpcnt==cnt){
		if(flag==false)
		cout<<"Yes"<<endl;
		else
		cout<<"No"<<endl;
		return ;
	}else{
		cout<<"No"<<endl;
		return ;
	}
		
}

int main(){
	priority_queue<Tree,vector<Tree>,cmp>p;
	int size;
	cin>>size;
	Init(p,size);
	Tree HuffmanTree=p.top();
	p.pop();
	HuffmanTree->height=0;
	PreOrder(HuffmanTree);
	int t;
	cin>>t;
	while(t--){
		Compare(size);
	}
	return 0;
}


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