java 简单的UDP通讯小程序

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 by-sa 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。
本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/CowBoySoBusy/article/details/82356172

详细的与UDP有关的知识这里就不说了,可以参考我的博客------java网络编程总结里面的UDP通讯知识

直接上代码:

import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.Button;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Frame;
import java.awt.Panel;
import java.awt.TextArea;
import java.awt.TextField;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.awt.event.KeyAdapter;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.awt.event.WindowAdapter;
import java.awt.event.WindowEvent;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.DatagramPacket;
import java.net.DatagramSocket;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

public class UDPChat extends Frame {

    private TextField tf;
    private Button send;
    private Button log;
    private Button clear;
    private Button shake;
    private TextArea viewText;
    private TextArea sendText;
    private DatagramSocket socket;
    private BufferedWriter bw;
    /**
     * GUI聊天
     */
    public UDPChat() {
        init();
        southPanel();
        centerPanel();
        event();
    }

    public void event() {
        this.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
                try {
                    socket.close();
                    bw.close();
                } catch (IOException e1) {
                    e1.printStackTrace();
                }
                System.exit(0);
            }
        });

        send.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                try {
                    send();
                } catch (IOException e1) {
                    e1.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

        });
        log.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                try {
                    logFile();
                } catch (IOException e1) {
                    e1.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

        });

        clear.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                viewText.setText("");
            }
        });

        shake.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                try {
                    send(new byte[]{-1},tf.getText());
                } catch (IOException e1) {
                    e1.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

        });

        sendText.addKeyListener(new KeyAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e) {
                //if(e.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.VK_ENTER && e.isControlDown()) {	//isControlDown ctrl是否被按下
                if(e.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.VK_ENTER) {
                    try {
                        send();
                    } catch (IOException e1) {
                        e1.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    }

    private void shake() {
        int x = this.getLocation().x;							//获取横坐标位置
        int y = this.getLocation().y;							//获取纵坐标位置
        for(int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
            try {
                this.setLocation(x + 20, y + 20);
                Thread.sleep(20);
                this.setLocation(x + 20, y - 20);
                Thread.sleep(20);
                this.setLocation(x - 20, y + 20);
                Thread.sleep(20);
                this.setLocation(x - 20, y - 20);
                Thread.sleep(20);
                this.setLocation(x, y);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    private void logFile() throws IOException {
        bw.flush();									//刷新缓冲区
        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream("config.txt");
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();	//在内存中创建缓冲区
        int len;
        byte[] arr = new byte[8192];
        while((len = fis.read(arr)) != -1) {
            baos.write(arr, 0, len);
        }
        String str = baos.toString();				//将内存中的内容转换成了字符串
        viewText.setText(str);
        fis.close();
    }

    private void send(byte[] arr, String ip) throws IOException {
        DatagramPacket packet =
                new DatagramPacket(arr, arr.length, InetAddress.getByName(ip), 9999);
        socket.send(packet);						//发送数据
    }

    private void send() throws IOException {
        String message = sendText.getText();		//获取发送区域的内容
        String ip = tf.getText();					//获取ip地址;
        ip = ip.trim().length() == 0 ? "255.255.255.255" : ip;
        send(message.getBytes(),ip);
        String time = getCurrentTime();				//获取当前时间
        String str = time + " 我对:" + (ip.equals("255.255.255.255") ? "所有人" : ip) + "说\r\n" + message + "\r\n\r\n";
        viewText.append(str);						//将信息添加到显示区域中
        bw.write(str);
        sendText.setText("");

    }

    private String getCurrentTime() {
        Date d = new Date();						//创建当前日期对象
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy年MM月dd日 HH:mm:ss");
        return sdf.format(d);						//将时间格式化
    }

    public void centerPanel() {
        Panel center = new Panel();					//创建中间的Panel
        viewText = new TextArea();
        sendText = new TextArea(5,1);
        center.setLayout(new BorderLayout());		//设置为边界布局管理器
        center.add(sendText,BorderLayout.SOUTH);	//发送的文本区域放在南边
        center.add(viewText,BorderLayout.CENTER);	//显示区域放在中间
        viewText.setEditable(false);				//设置不可以编辑
        viewText.setBackground(Color.WHITE);		//设置背景颜色
        sendText.setFont(new Font("微软雅黑", Font.PLAIN, 16));
        viewText.setFont(new Font("微软雅黑", Font.PLAIN, 16));
        this.add(center,BorderLayout.CENTER);
    }

    public void southPanel() {
        Panel south = new Panel();					//创建南边的Panel
        tf = new TextField(15);
        tf.setText("127.0.0.1");
        send = new Button("Send");
        log = new Button("Recorde");
        clear = new Button("Clear");
        shake = new Button("Shock");
        south.add(tf);
        south.add(send);
        south.add(log);
        south.add(clear);
        south.add(shake);
        this.add(south,BorderLayout.SOUTH);			//将Panel放在Frame的南边
    }

    public void init() {
        this.setLocation(500, 50);
        this.setSize(400, 600);
        new Receive().start();
        try {
            socket = new DatagramSocket();
            bw = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter("config.txt",true));	//需要在尾部追加
        } catch (Exception e) {

            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        this.setVisible(true);
    }
    private class Receive extends Thread {			//接收和发送需要同时执行,所以定义成多线程的
        public void run() {
            try {
                DatagramSocket socket = new DatagramSocket(9999);
                DatagramPacket packet = new DatagramPacket(new byte[8192], 8192);

                while(true) {
                    socket.receive(packet);				//接收信息
                    byte[] arr = packet.getData();		//获取字节数据
                    int len = packet.getLength();		//获取有效的字节数据
                    if(arr[0] == -1 && len == 1) {		//如果发过来的数组第一个存储的值是-1,并且数组长度是1
                        shake();						//调用震动方法
                        continue;						//终止本次循环,继续下次循环,因为震动后不需要执行下面的代码
                    }
                    String message = new String(arr,0,len);	//转换成字符串

                    String time = getCurrentTime();		//获取当前时间
                    String ip = packet.getAddress().getHostAddress();	//获取ip地址
                    String str = time + " " + ip + " 对我说:\r\n" + message + "\r\n\r\n";
                    viewText.append(str);
                    bw.write(str);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new UDPChat();
    }

}


随便写的一个,因为要练习文件知识,还是用文件存储的,要用数据库的自己敲代码.

基本功能如上图.

展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页