# 快速排序（c语言实现）

#include <stdio.h>

#define T 1
#define F 0
#define MAXSIZE 10		//要排序数组个数的最大值

typedef struct
{
int r[MAXSIZE + 1];	//存储要排序数组，r[0]用作哨兵或临时变量
int length;
}SqList;

void swap(SqList *L, int i, int j)
{
int temp = L->r[i];
L->r[i] = L->r[j];
L->r[j] = temp;
}

//交换顺序表L中子表的记录，使枢轴记录到位，并返回其所在位置
//此时在它之前（后）的记录均不大（小）于它
int partition(SqList *L, int low, int high)
{
int pivotkey;
pivotkey = L->r[low];					//用子表的第一个记录作枢轴记录
while (low < high)						//从表的两端交替向中间扫描
{
while (low < high && L->r[high] >= pivotkey)
high--;
swap(L, low, high);					//将枢轴记录小的记录交换到低端
while (low < high && L->r[low] <= pivotkey)
low++;
swap(L, low, high);					//将比枢轴记录大的记录交换到高端
}
return low;								//返回枢轴所在位置
}

void QSort(SqList *L, int low, int high)
{
int pivot;
if (low < high)
{
pivot = partition(L, low, high);	//将L->r[low..high]一分为二
//算出枢轴值pivot
QSort(L, low, pivot-1);				//对低子表递归排序
QSort(L, pivot+1, high);			//对高子表递归排序
}
}

void quickSort(SqList *L)	//对顺序表L作快速排序
{
QSort(L, 1, L->length);
}

int main()
{
int i;
SqList L;
L.length = 10;
for (i = 1; i < L.length+1; i++)
{
L.r[i] = i;
}
L.r[5] = 100;
L.r[7] = 90;
for (i = 1; i < L.length+1; i++)
{
printf("%d ", L.r[i]);
}
quickSort(&L);
printf("\n");
for (i = 1; i < L.length+1; i++)
{
printf("%d ", L.r[i]);
}
printf("\n");
return 0;
}


#include <stdio.h>

void swap(int a[], int i, int j)
{
int temp = a[i];
a[i] = a[j];
a[j] = temp;
}

int partition(int a[], int low, int high)
{
int pivotkey;
pivotkey = a[low];//单纯的记录值
while (low < high)//以pivoekey为交换媒介（枢轴），将大于它的放在后边，小于它的放在前面
{
while (low < high && a[high] >= pivotkey)//条件判断 low < high
high--;
swap(a, low, high);
while (low < high && a[low] <= pivotkey)
low++;
swap(a, low, high);
}
return low;//返回枢轴所在位置
}

void QSort(int a[], int low, int high)
{
int pivot;
if (low < high)//是 if
{
pivot = partition(a, low, high);//将a[]一分为二

QSort(a, low, pivot - 1);//对低子表递归排序
QSort(a, pivot + 1, high);//对高子表递归排序
}
}

void quickSort(int a[], int low, int high)
{
QSort(a, low, high);
}

int main()
{
int i;
int a[] = {1,2,5,7,9,6,4,2,6,1};
quickSort(a, 0, 9);
for (i = 0; i < 10; i++)
{
printf("%d ", a[i]);
}
printf("\n");
return 0;
}