详解python路径拼接os.path.join()函数的用法

众所周知,OS是Operating System操作系统的简称,那python中的os.path.join()函数又有什么作用呢?

函数功能:连接两个或更多的路径名组件

下面让我们看几个例子来理解下细节吧:

1.如果各组件名首字母不包含’/’,则函数会自动加上

demo1

import os
Path1 = 'home'
Path2 = 'develop'
Path3 = 'code'
Path10 = Path1+Path2+Path3
Path20 = os.path.join(Path1, Path2, Path3)
print('Path10 = ', Path10)
print('Path20 = ', Path20)
输出:
> Path10 = homedevelopcode
> Path20 = home\develop\code

2.如果有一个组件是一个绝对路径,则在它之前的所有组件均会被舍弃

demo2

import os
Path1 = '/home'
Path2 = 'develop'
Path3 = 'code'
Path10 = Path1+Path2+Path3
Path20 = os.path.join(Path1, Path2, Path3)
Path30 = os.path.join(Path2, Path1, Path3)
print('Path10 = ', Path10)
print('Path20 = ', Path20)
print('Path30 = ', Path30)
输出:
> Path10 = /homedevelopcode
> Path20 = /home\develop\code
> Path30 = /home\code

3.如果最后一个组件为空,则生成的路径以一个’/'分隔符结尾

demo3

import os
Path1 = 'home'
Path2 = 'develop'
Path3 = ''
Path10 = Path1+Path2+Path3
Path20 = os.path.join(Path1, Path2, Path3)
Path30 = os.path.join(Path2, Path1, Path3)
print('Path10 = ', Path10)
print('Path20 = ', Path20)

输出:

> Path10 = homedevelop
> Path20 = home\develop\
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