OpenStack搭建

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/Dream_ya/article/details/80581294

一、openstack介绍


1、简介

  • OpenStack是一个由NASA(美国国家航空航天局)和Rackspace合作研发并发起的,以Apache许可证授权的自由软件和开放源代码项目。

  • OpenStack是一个开源的云计算管理平台项目,由几个主要的组件组合起来完成具体工作。OpenStack支持几乎所有类型的云环境,项目目标是提供实施简单、可大规模扩展、丰富、标准统一的云计算管理平台。OpenStack通过各种互补的服务提供了基础设施即服务(IaaS)的解决方案,每个服务提供API以进行集成。

  • OpenStack云计算平台,帮助服务商和企业内部实现类似于 Amazon EC2 和 S3 的云基础架构服务(Infrastructure as a Service, IaaS)。OpenStack 包含两个主要模块:Nova 和 Swift,前者是 NASA 开发的虚拟服务器部署和业务计算模块;后者是 Rackspace开发的分布式云存储模块,两者可以一起用,也可以分开单独用。OpenStack除了有 Rackspace 和 NASA 的大力支持外,还有包括 Dell、Citrix、 Cisco、 Canonical等重量级公司的贡献和支持,发展速度非常快,有取代另一个业界领先开源云平台 Eucalyptus 的态势。

2、架构图

在这里插入图片描述

二、实验环境


rhel7.3 selinux firewalld off
百度网盘下载链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1T-PYn-nPMCk6UZytZfbXYQ 密码: 75xn
参看官网:https://docs.openstack.org/mitaka/zh_CN/install-guide-rdo/(此版本为中文Mitaka版本)

1、安装说明

注意:要关闭机器的NetworkManager!!!
其实3台机器就够了,可以把时间同步服务器和yum源放在控制节点上(controller)!!!

10.10.10.1(虚拟机)     controller            网卡eth0、eth1
10.10.10.2(虚拟机)     compute               网卡eth0、eht1
10.10.10.3(虚拟机)     block
10.10.10.250(真机)   dream(时间同步服务器、yum源)

2、每台都加入host解析

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/hosts
10.10.10.1 controller
10.10.10.2 compute
10.10.10.3 block
10.10.10.250 dream

3、yum源(3台)

我是在本地自己搭建yum源进行安装,也可以使用网络的源,如果是Vmware的话直接搭建在controller节点上即可!!!

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/yum.repo 
[rhel7.3]
name=my_yum
baseurl=http://10.10.10.250/rhel7.3
gpgcheck=0

[openstack]
name=mitaka
baseurl=http://10.10.10.250/mitaka
gpgcheck=0

三、基础环境安装


1、时间同步

这里我让三台虚拟机的时间都同步我们真机的时间,你也可以同步控制节点的时间!!!

(1)真机中安装配置chrony(10.10.10.250)
[root@dream ~]# yum install -y chrony
[root@dream ~]# vim /etc/chrony.conf
 21 # Allow NTP client access from local network.
 22 allow 10.10.10.0/24

[root@dream ~]# systemctl restart chronyd
[root@dream ~]# systemctl enable chronyd
(2)三台虚拟机
# yum install -y chrony
# vim /etc/chrony.conf
 server 10.10.10.250 iburst

# systemctl restart chronyd
# systemctl enable chronyd
(3)测试

最后显示为 ^ * 10.10.10.250 即为正确!!!

[root@controller ~]# chronyc sources -v
210 Number of sources = 1

   .-- Source mode  '^' = server, '=' = peer, '#' = local clock.
  / .- Source state '*' = current synced, '+' = combined , '-' = not combined,
 | /   '?' = unreachable, 'x' = time may be in error, '~' = time too variable.
 ||                                                 .- xxxx [ yyyy ] +/- zzzz
 ||      Reachability register (octal) -.           |  xxxx = adjusted offset,
 ||      Log2(Polling interval) --.      |          |  yyyy = measured offset,
 ||                                \     |          |  zzzz = estimated error.
 ||                                 |    |           \
 MS Name/IP address         Stratum Poll Reach LastRx Last sample
 ===============================================================================
 ^* 10.10.10.250                  3   6   377     0  +1637us[+5649us] +/-  101ms

2、安装OpenStack客户端

[root@controller ~]# yum upgrade                    ###升级包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y python-openstackclient

3、SQL数据库安装

大多数OpenStack服务使用SQL数据库来存储信息。典型地,数据库运行在控制节点上。

(1)安装软件包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y mariadb mariadb-server python2-PyMySQL
(2)创建并编辑openstack.cnf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/my.cnf.d/openstack.cnf      ###启动选项和UTF-8字符集
[mysqld]
bind-address = 10.10.10.1
default-storage-engine = innodb
innodb_file_per_table
max_connections = 4096
collation-server = utf8_general_ci
character-set-server = utf8
(3)完成安装
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start mariadb
[root@controller ~]# mysql_secure_installation          ###默认没有密码,注意不初始化会报错后面

4、消息队列安装

OpenStack 使用 message queue 协调操作和各服务的状态信息。消息队列服务一般运行在控制节点上。OpenStack支持好几种消息队列服务包括 RabbitMQ, Qpid, 和 ZeroMQ。不过,大多数发行版本的OpenStack包支持特定的消息队列服务。

(1)安装及启动
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y rabbitmq-server
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable rabbitmq-server.service 
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start rabbitmq-server.service
(2)添加openstack用户及赋予权限
###后面的openstack为openstack的密码,添加openstack用户
[root@controller ~]# rabbitmqctl add_user openstack openstack 
[root@controller ~]# rabbitmqctl set_permissions openstack ".*" ".*" ".*"     ###给写和读权限
(3)查看openstack用户信息
[root@controller ~]# rabbitmqctl list_user_permissions openstack           ###查看权限
Listing permissions for user "openstack" ...
/	.*	.*	.*
[root@controller ~]# rabbitmqctl authenticate_user openstack openstack     ###查看密码是否正确
Authenticating user "openstack" ...
Success
(4)开启Web管理界面
[root@controller ~]# rabbitmq-plugins enable  rabbitmq_management
The following plugins have been enabled:
  mochiweb
  webmachine
  rabbitmq_web_dispatch
  amqp_client
  rabbitmq_management_agent
  rabbitmq_management

Applying plugin configuration to rabbit@controller...  started 6 plugins.
(5)登陆测试

登陆的帐号和密码都为:guest

http://10.10.10.1:15672/

这里写图片描述

1这里写图片描述

5、Memcached安装

[root@controller ~]# yum install -y memcached python-memcached
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable memcached.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start memcached.service

四、认证服务


1、创建keystone

在控制节点上安装和配置OpenStack身份认证服务,代码名称keystone。

(1)创建数据库keystone
[root@controller ~]# mysql -uroot -p          ###输入密码登录进数据库
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE keystone;
(2)授权keystone数据库

后面的keystone为认证密码!!!

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'keystone';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'keystone';

[root@controller ~]# mysql -ukeystone -p       ###测试keystone能否进行登录
(3)生成随机值

[root@controller ~]# openssl rand -hex 10      ###生成一个随机值在初始的配置中作为管理员的令牌
974cff95323e34a0719e

2、安全并配置组件

注意OpenStack的所有配置要写到对应的模块下面,否则不生效

(1)安装包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-keystone httpd mod_wsgi
(2)配置keystone.conf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/keystone/keystone.conf
[DEFAULT]
admin_token = 974cff95323e34a0719e          ###上面生成的管理员令牌号

[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://keystone:keystone@controller/keystone

[token]
provider = fernet
(3)初始化
###初始化身份认证服务的数据库
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "keystone-manage db_sync" keystone
###初始化Fernet keys
[root@controller ~]# keystone-manage fernet_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone
(4)发现多了fernet-keys
[root@controller ~]# ll /etc/keystone/
total 100
-rw-r----- 1 root     keystone  2303 Sep 22  2016 default_catalog.templates
drwx------ 2 keystone keystone    22 Jun  5 04:43 fernet-keys
-rw-r----- 1 root     keystone 73221 Jun  5 04:41 keystone.conf
-rw-r----- 1 root     keystone  2400 Sep 22  2016 keystone-paste.ini
-rw-r----- 1 root     keystone  1046 Sep 22  2016 logging.conf
-rw-r----- 1 keystone keystone  9699 Sep 22  2016 policy.json
-rw-r----- 1 keystone keystone   665 Sep 22  2016 sso_callback_template.html

3、配置Apache HTTP服务器

(1)配置httpd.conf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
ServerName controller                      ###改成控制节点主机名
(2)配置wsgi-keystone.conf
[root@controller keystone]# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/wsgi-keystone.conf
Listen 5000
Listen 35357

<VirtualHost *:5000>
    WSGIDaemonProcess keystone-public processes=5 threads=1 user=keystone group=keystone display-name=%{GROUP}
    WSGIProcessGroup keystone-public
    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/bin/keystone-wsgi-public
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    ErrorLogFormat "%{cu}t %M"
    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-access.log combined

    <Directory /usr/bin>
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:35357>
    WSGIDaemonProcess keystone-admin processes=5 threads=1 user=keystone group=keystone display-name=%{GROUP}
    WSGIProcessGroup keystone-admin
    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/bin/keystone-wsgi-admin
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    ErrorLogFormat "%{cu}t %M"
    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/keystone-access.log combined

    <Directory /usr/bin>
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>
(3)启动httpd
[root@controller keystone]# systemctl enable httpd.service
[root@controller keystone]# systemctl start httpd.service

4、创建服务实体和API端点

(1)声明环境变量
[root@controller ~]# export OS_TOKEN=ADMIN_TOKEN                  ###配置认证令牌
[root@controller ~]# export OS_TOKEN=974cff95323e34a0719e         ###前面认证令牌
[root@controller ~]# export OS_URL=http://controller:35357/v3     ###配置端点URL
[root@controller ~]# export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3             ###配置认证API版本
(2)创建服务实体和身份认证服务

注意:OpenStack 是动态生成 ID 的,因此您看到的输出会与示例中的命令行输出不相同。

[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name keystone --description "OpenStack Identity" identity
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Identity               |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 0bc1b8357eae4c19b2497fc176996688 |
| name        | keystone                         |
| type        | identity                         |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(3)创建认证服务的API端点
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity public http://controller:5000/v3
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 6ae12e2987ff46739a2eb08d8c2ea0a0 |
| interface    | public                           |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 0bc1b8357eae4c19b2497fc176996688 |
| service_name | keystone                         |
| service_type | identity                         |
| url          | http://controller:5000/v3        |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity internal http://controller:5000/v3
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 6abf7e043f8d48d888f2be5721c33796 |
| interface    | internal                         |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 0bc1b8357eae4c19b2497fc176996688 |
| service_name | keystone                         |
| service_type | identity                         |
| url          | http://controller:5000/v3        |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne identity admin http://controller:35357/v3
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | e450f7be0cb64afdb22152afdc989abb |
| interface    | admin                            |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 0bc1b8357eae4c19b2497fc176996688 |
| service_name | keystone                         |
| service_type | identity                         |
| url          | http://controller:35357/v3       |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

5、创建域、项目、用户和角色

(1)创建域default
[root@controller ~]# openstack domain create --description "Default Domain" default
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Default Domain                   |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| name        | default                          |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(2)创建admin项目
[root@controller ~]# openstack project create --domain default --description "Admin Project" admin
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Admin Project                    |
| domain_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | d2c589122d9f4273b572b1752551cdb7 |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | admin                            |
| parent_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(3)创建admin用户
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt admin
 User Password:               ###admin为密码
 Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 7466c9e538a24384ba0ced75472c5b4a |
| name      | admin                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(4)创建admin角色
[root@controller ~]# openstack role create admin
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | a9de7291aed3458cb75a964045345a76 |
| name      | admin                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(5)添加admin角色到admin项目和用户上
[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project admin --user admin admin     ###这个命令执行后没有输出
(6)创建service项目

使用一个你添加到你的环境中每个服务包含独有用户的service 项目。

[root@controller ~]# openstack project create --domain default --description "Service Project" service
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Service Project                  |
| domain_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 5af0b96b2e804a40ab0be47e7fbfb67f |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | service                          |
| parent_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(7)创建demo项目

常规(非管理)任务应该使用无特权的项目和用户。作为例子,这里我们创建 demo 项目和用户。

[root@controller ~]# openstack project create --domain default --description "Demo Project" demo
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Demo Project                     |
| domain_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 44a378473a174b01b9f11df1d1bfad2c |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | demo                             |
| parent_id   | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(8)创建demo 用户
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt demo
 User Password:                  ###密码为demo
 Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 0f55752937b2424fbaeb04a8d6e147c3 |
| name      | demo                             |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(9)创建user角色
[root@controller ~]# openstack role create user
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | 6b628ab3482a46da915c1b56436fbd62 |
| name      | user                             |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(10)添加user角色到demo项目和用户

注:你可以重复此过程来创建额外的项目和用户!!!

 [root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project demo --user demo user     ###执行结果没输出

6、验证操作

(1)重置OS_TOKEN和OS_URL 环境变量
[root@controller ~]# unset OS_TOKEN OS_URL
(2)admin用户请求认证令牌

上面设置的admin的密码!!!

[root@controller ~]# openstack --os-auth-url http://controller:35357/v3 --os-project-domain-name default --os-user-domain-name default --os-project-name admin --os-username admin token issue
Password: 
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field      | Value                                                           |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| expires    | 2018-09-19T12:57:50.180103Z                                     |
| id         | gAAAAABbojm-HgSY9jG0TZZSSlHTAvw0Q0CgMeSuD8Zw-ICnXUm8vfTd1USaGYq |
|            | XcTjPc0_WaGrjIFvQYlXwtXl4QO8DJ4YgeXKOM8edTSZcDpmdSfMsqxXUi1dkXB |
|            | DcQ0hFPu233MKmBzhwZrJgUzii3iZWPHUWytA3bNROUGFVbSNiEW4l3P0       |
| project_id | d2c589122d9f4273b572b1752551cdb7                                |
| user_id    | 7466c9e538a24384ba0ced75472c5b4a                                |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
(3)demo用户请求认证令牌
[root@controller ~]# openstack --os-auth-url http://controller:5000/v3 --os-project-domain-name default --os-user-domain-name default --os-project-name demo --os-username demo token issue
Password: 
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field      | Value                                                           |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| expires    | 2018-09-19T12:58:23.623417Z                                     |
| id         | gAAAAABbojnf1E-                                                 |
|            | YRlgexzTl0Ktxxo72UHsL45rnKp_WeS1CXNxPEiLaRD_2nlAzB-             |
|            | 3VbxfLbujFoY52lBvXEyaNa7CflTZ8TtElaG22-DgnPJwjvQnYU7PzjVHeLapaW |
|            | GRzCXFhslEZZLJE2m_ftMSfMDwnPG8wc7h6vjkA_KM-OJ-k7pQ_clM          |
| project_id | 44a378473a174b01b9f11df1d1bfad2c                                |
| user_id    | 0f55752937b2424fbaeb04a8d6e147c3                                |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+

7、创建客户端环境脚本

(1)创建环境变量脚本(admin和demo)
[root@controller ~]# vim admin-openrc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=admin
export OS_USERNAME=admin
###修改为自己admin用户的密码
export OS_PASSWORD=admin
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:35357/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2

[root@controller ~]# vim demo-openrc 
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=demo
export OS_USERNAME=demo
###修改为自己demo用户的密码
export OS_PASSWORD=demo
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:35357/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
(2)运行脚本
###其实就是声明环境变量
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc
[root@controller ~]# . demo-openrc
###请求认证令牌
[root@controller ~]# openstack token issue
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field      | Value                                                           |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| expires    | 2018-09-19T12:59:17.338714Z                                     |
| id         | gAAAAABbojoV0P8ZyAs5THwI1YJDuTxi9kj8vuFBxRLxRujosgIvH0cMBdkC0-U |
|            | WUs3eahmPtGBYlL130FnuLAOe8X6YV_rP34xy6BjyoXKPk4qMXby5nGLQk_5Lui |
|            | xY4KyG3ciL8aigkLZCx15jUkqM6XGzKqp5GOci7oZTv2Sol4jVwqty6ao       |
| project_id | 44a378473a174b01b9f11df1d1bfad2c                                |
| user_id    | 0f55752937b2424fbaeb04a8d6e147c3                                |
+------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------+

五、镜像服务


1、简介

  • OpenStack镜像服务是IaaS的核心服务,它接受磁盘镜像或服务器镜像API请求,和来自终端用户或OpenStack计算组件的元数据定义。它也支持包括OpenStack对象存储在内的多种类型仓库上的磁盘镜像或服务器镜像存储。
  • OpenStack镜像服务包括以下组件:
    • glance-api:接收镜像API的调用,诸如镜像发现、恢复、存储。
    • glance-registry:存储、处理和恢复镜像的元数据,元数据包括项诸如大小和类型。请求数据库,然后访问镜像文件的存储仓库(真正镜像所放的位置)

2、安装和配置

(1)创建数据库
[root@controller ~]# mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE glance;
(2)授权glance数据库
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'glance';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'glance';
(3)获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc
(4)创建glance用户
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt glance
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 60498a4043e1411da9ec880aa075e452 |
| name      | glance                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(5)添加admin角色到glance用户和service项目上

注:这个命令执行后没有输出。

[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project service --user glance admin
(6)创建glance服务实体
[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name glance --description "OpenStack Image" image
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Image                  |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 15aac117b3dd496b9ac5cdedd2907515 |
| name        | glance                           |
| type        | image                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(7)创建镜像服务的API端点
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image public http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 56803fcd1a6946378d03a88af396b060 |
| interface    | public                           |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 15aac117b3dd496b9ac5cdedd2907515 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image internal http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 966d05db4a204c5e9fb26ed805c04d6d |
| interface    | internal                         |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 15aac117b3dd496b9ac5cdedd2907515 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne image admin http://controller:9292
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 951d542623f645558f3d3f744fe7cb6a |
| interface    | admin                            |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | 15aac117b3dd496b9ac5cdedd2907515 |
| service_name | glance                           |
| service_type | image                            |
| url          | http://controller:9292           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

3、安装及配置组件

(1)安装包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-glance
(2)配置glance-api.conf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/glance/glance-api.conf
[database]
###修改为glance密码
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:glance@controller/glance

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
###修改为glance密码
password = glance

[paste_deploy]
flavor = keystone

###本地文件系统存储和镜像文件位置配置
[glance_store]
stores = file,http
default_store = file
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images/
(3)配置glance-registry.conf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
###数据库访问配置
[database]
###修改为glance密码
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:glance@controller/glance

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
###修改为glance密码
password = glance

[paste_deploy]
flavor = keystone
(4)写入镜像服务数据库

注:忽略输出中任何不推荐使用的信息,如果修改了上面的配置,就需要重新执行此命令,否则后面会报错!!!

[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "glance-manage db_sync" glance
(5)完成安装

启动镜像服务、配置自动启动!!!

[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service

4、验证操作

(1)获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc 
(2)下载源镜像
[root@controller ~]# wget http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.4/cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img
(3)设置镜像为公共可见

使用QCOW2磁盘格式,bare容器格式上传镜像到镜像服务并设置公共可见,这样所有的项目都可以访问它!!!

[root@controller ~]# openstack image create "cirros" --file cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare --public
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| Field            | Value                                                |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| checksum         | ee1eca47dc88f4879d8a229cc70a07c6                     |
| container_format | bare                                                 |
| created_at       | 2018-09-19T12:05:40Z                                 |
| disk_format      | qcow2                                                |
| file             | /v2/images/f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-96a0-b72afe3eda46/file |
| id               | f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-96a0-b72afe3eda46                 |
| min_disk         | 0                                                    |
| min_ram          | 0                                                    |
| name             | cirros                                               |
| owner            | d2c589122d9f4273b572b1752551cdb7                     |
| protected        | False                                                |
| schema           | /v2/schemas/image                                    |
| size             | 13287936                                             |
| status           | active                                               |
| tags             |                                                      |
| updated_at       | 2018-09-19T12:05:40Z                                 |
| virtual_size     | None                                                 |
| visibility       | public                                               |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
(4)查看及确定镜像的上传并验证属性
###查看生成文件,发现和上面的id相同
[root@controller ~]# ls /var/lib/glance/images/
f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-96a0-b72afe3eda46

###active即正确
[root@controller ~]# openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-96a0-b72afe3eda46 | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+

六、配置计算服务(计算节点)


下面我们进行计算节点的环境安装!!!

1、安装和配置控制节点(controller)

(1)创建nova_api和nova数据库
[root@controller ~]# mysql -uroot -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nova_api;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nova;
(2)授权数据库
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova_api.* TO 'nova'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'nova';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova_api.* TO 'nova'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'nova';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova.* TO 'nova'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'nova';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nova.* TO 'nova'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'nova';
(3)测试登陆
[root@controller ~]# mysql -u nova -pnova nova
(4)创建nova用户
###获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc

###上面刚设置的nova密码
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt nova
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 439f3e0ad34c49f581a8041e3e6f40d5 |
| name      | nova                             |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(5)给nova用户添加admin角色

注意:这个命令执行后没有输出。

[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project service --user nova admin
(6)创建nova服务实体
[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name nova --description "OpenStack Compute" compute
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Compute                |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 8a5b04c26cad4085877dc14205e4b01e |
| name        | nova                             |
| type        | compute                          |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(7)创建Compute服务API端点
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne compute public http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                     |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                      |
| id           | 0967345ed4fa40a3b6d5ed0a0bbfb4e5          |
| interface    | public                                    |
| region       | RegionOne                                 |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                 |
| service_id   | 8a5b04c26cad4085877dc14205e4b01e          |
| service_name | nova                                      |
| service_type | compute                                   |
| url          | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne compute internal http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                     |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                      |
| id           | d0a700fce7834d1f9254124ef93606ce          |
| interface    | internal                                  |
| region       | RegionOne                                 |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                 |
| service_id   | 8a5b04c26cad4085877dc14205e4b01e          |
| service_name | nova                                      |
| service_type | compute                                   |
| url          | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne compute admin http://controller:8774/v2.1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                     |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                      |
| id           | 0b1caf0dfe654f60aaa693b6db06a271          |
| interface    | admin                                     |
| region       | RegionOne                                 |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                 |
| service_id   | 8a5b04c26cad4085877dc14205e4b01e          |
| service_name | nova                                      |
| service_type | compute                                   |
| url          | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-------------------------------------------+

2、安装及配置组件(controller)

(1)安装软件包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-nova-api openstack-nova-conductor \
  openstack-nova-console openstack-nova-novncproxy \
  openstack-nova-scheduler
(2)配置nova.conf
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[DEFAULT]
enabled_apis = osapi_compute,metadata
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
###控制节点ip,即本机
my_ip = 10.10.10.1
###支持Networking服务
use_neutron = True
firewall_driver = nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver

[api_database]
###设置为nova的密码
connection = mysql+pymysql://nova:nova@controller/nova_api

[database]
###设置为nova的密码
connection = mysql+pymysql://nova:nova@controller/nova

[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
###修改为openstack的密码
rabbit_password = openstack

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = nova
password = nova

[vnc]
vncserver_listen = $my_ip
vncserver_proxyclient_address = $my_ip

###镜像服务 API 的位置配置
[glance]
api_servers = http://controller:9292

###锁路径配置
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/nova/tmp
(3)同步Compute数据库
###忽略输出中任何不推荐使用的信息
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "nova-manage api_db sync" nova
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "nova-manage db sync" nova

3、完成安装

启动Compute服务并将其设置为随系统启动!!!

[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable openstack-nova-api.service \
  openstack-nova-consoleauth.service openstack-nova-scheduler.service \
  openstack-nova-conductor.service openstack-nova-novncproxy.service
 
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start openstack-nova-api.service \
  openstack-nova-consoleauth.service openstack-nova-scheduler.service \
  openstack-nova-conductor.service openstack-nova-novncproxy.service

到此Compute的基础环境就准备好了,下面进行Compute节点安装!!!

4、安装并配置组件(compute)

(1)安装包
[root@compute ~]# yum install -y openstack-nova-compute
(2)配置nova.conf
[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
###设置为计算节点IP即本机
my_ip = 10.10.10.2
use_neutron = True
firewall_driver = nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver

[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
###设置为openstack的密码
rabbit_password = openstack

[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = nova
###设置为nova密码
password = nova

###启用并配置远程控制台访问
[vnc]
enabled = True
vncserver_listen = 0.0.0.0
vncserver_proxyclient_address = $my_ip
novncproxy_base_url = http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html

[glance]
api_servers = http://controller:9292

[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/nova/tmp
(3)是否支持虚拟机的硬件加速

如果这个命令返回了one or greater的值,那么你的计算节点支持硬件加速且不需要额外的配置。
如果这个命令返回了zero值,那么你的计算节点不支持硬件加速。你必须配置libvirt来使用QEMU去代替KVM

###如果你的返回值不是0的话可以不用执行下一步操作
[root@compute ~]# egrep -c '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo
0
(4)不支持执行操作
[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf 
[libvirt]
virt_type = qemu
(5)完成安装、设置自启

如果启动报错:ERROR nova.virt.driver [-] Unable to load the virtualization driver
解决方法:yum install -y libvirt

[root@compute ~]# systemctl enable libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service
[root@compute ~]# systemctl start libvirtd.service openstack-nova-compute.service

5、验证操作

(1)获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc 
(2)查看compute结果(controller )

列出服务组件,以验证是否成功启动并注册了每个进程!!!

[root@controller ~]# openstack compute service list
+----+--------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+
| Id | Binary       | Host       | Zone     | Status  | State | Updated At   |
+----+--------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+
|  1 | nova-        | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-09-19T1 |
|    | consoleauth  |            |          |         |       | 2:21:40.0000 |
|    |              |            |          |         |       | 00           |
|  2 | nova-        | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-09-19T1 |
|    | conductor    |            |          |         |       | 2:21:40.0000 |
|    |              |            |          |         |       | 00           |
|  3 | nova-        | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-09-19T1 |
|    | scheduler    |            |          |         |       | 2:21:40.0000 |
|    |              |            |          |         |       | 00           |
|  6 | nova-compute | compute    | nova     | enabled | up    | 2018-09-19T1 |
|    |              |            |          |         |       | 2:21:35.0000 |
|    |              |            |          |         |       | 00           |
+----+--------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+

七、Networking服务配置


1、安装配置控制节点

在你配置OpenStack网络(neutron)服务之前,你必须为其创建一个数据库,服务凭证和API端点。

(1)数据库操作(controller)
[root@controller ~]# mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE neutron;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'neutron';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'neutron';
(2)创建neutron用户
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc                ###获取admin权限
###输入刚设置的neutron密码
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt neutron
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | a639afe08d244e099eb0d587c27266e3 |
| name      | neutron                          |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
(3)添加admin 角色到neutron用户
###这个命令执行后没有输出
[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project service --user neutron admin
(4)创建neutron服务实体
[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name neutron --description "OpenStack Networking" network
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Networking             |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | dc9aa64760e74570b811b1b74ed2a22e |
| name        | neutron                          |
| type        | network                          |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(5)创建网络服务API端点
[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network public http://controller:9696
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | b3c05409694741d29ddbbe3427e959fe |
| interface    | public                           |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | dc9aa64760e74570b811b1b74ed2a22e |
| service_name | neutron                          |
| service_type | network                          |
| url          | http://controller:9696           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network internal http://controller:9696
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | 155a3f69ba734764a6000ae5dba6dd99 |
| interface    | internal                         |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | dc9aa64760e74570b811b1b74ed2a22e |
| service_name | neutron                          |
| service_type | network                          |
| url          | http://controller:9696           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne network admin http://controller:9696
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                            |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                             |
| id           | e2e3105220b44a13b51d05575b652f68 |
| interface    | admin                            |
| region       | RegionOne                        |
| region_id    | RegionOne                        |
| service_id   | dc9aa64760e74570b811b1b74ed2a22e |
| service_name | neutron                          |
| service_type | network                          |
| url          | http://controller:9696           |
+--------------+----------------------------------+
(6)配置网络选项(公共网络)

这里我们也可以配置私有网络,这里我们配置公共网络来做实验!!!

<1> 安装组件

[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-neutron openstack-neutron-ml2 openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables

<2> 配置服务组件

Networking服务器组件的配置包括数据库、认证机制、消息队列、拓扑变化通知和插件。

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/neutron.conf
[DEFAULT]
###启用ML2插件并禁用其他插件
core_plugin = ml2
service_plugins =
###配置RabbitMQ消息队列的连
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
notify_nova_on_port_status_changes = True
notify_nova_on_port_data_changes = True

###数据库访问配置
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://neutron:neutron@controller/neutron

[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
###修改为openstack密码
rabbit_password = openstack

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = neutron
###修改为neutron密码
password = neutron

###配置网络服务来通知计算节点的网络拓扑变化
[nova]
auth_url = http://controller:35357
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
region_name = RegionOne
project_name = service
username = nova
###修改为nova密码
password = nova

###锁路径配置
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/neutron/tmp

<3> 配置Modular Layer 2 (ML2) 插件

ML2插件使用Linuxbridge机制来为实例创建layer-2虚拟网络基础设施

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini
[ml2]
###启用flat和VLAN网络
type_drivers = flat,vlan
###禁用私有网络
tenant_network_types =
###启用Linuxbridge机制
mechanism_drivers = linuxbridge
###启用端口安全扩展驱动
extension_drivers = port_security

[ml2_type_flat]
###配置公共虚拟网络为flat网络
flat_networks = provider

[securitygroup]
###启用ipset增加安全组规则的高效性
enable_ipset = True

<4> 配置Linuxbridge代理

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
[linux_bridge]
###公共虚拟网络和公共物理网络接口对应起来,修改为本机网卡名,本机eth0(IP)和eth1
physical_interface_mappings = provider:eth1

[vxlan]
###禁止VXLAN覆盖网络
enable_vxlan = False

###启用安全组并配置Linuxbridge iptables firewall driver
[securitygroup]
enable_security_group = True
firewall_driver = neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver

<5> 配置DHCP代理

配置Linuxbridge驱动接口,DHCP驱动并启用隔离元数据,这样在公共网络上的实例就可以通过网络来访问元数据。

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini
[DEFAULT]
interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.BridgeInterfaceDriver
dhcp_driver = neutron.agent.linux.dhcp.Dnsmasq
enable_isolated_metadata = True
(7)配置元数据代理
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini
###配置元数据主机以及共享密码
[DEFAULT]
nova_metadata_ip = controller
metadata_proxy_shared_secret = dream
(8)为计算节点配置网络服务
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[neutron]
url = http://controller:9696
auth_url = http://controller:35357
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
region_name = RegionOne
project_name = service
username = neutron
###修改为neutron密码
password = neutron

service_metadata_proxy = True
###修改为元数据设置的密码
metadata_proxy_shared_secret = dream
(9)完成安装
###网络服务初始化脚本需要一个超链接/etc/neutron/plugin.ini指向ML2插件配置文件/etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini。如果超链接不存在,使用下面的命令创建它
[root@controller ~]# ln -s /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/plugin.ini
###同步数据库,数据库的同步发生在 Networking 之后,因为脚本需要完成服务器和插件的配置文件。
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "neutron-db-manage --config-file /etc/neutron/neutron.conf --config-file /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini upgrade head" neutron
###重启计算API服务
[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart openstack-nova-api.service
###启动Networking服务并配置开机自启
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable neutron-server.service \
  neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service \
  neutron-metadata-agent.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start neutron-server.service \
  neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service neutron-dhcp-agent.service \
  neutron-metadata-agent.service

2、安装和配置计算节点(compute)

计算节点处理实例的连接和安全组 。

(1)安装组件
[root@compute ~]# yum install -y openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables ipset
(2)配置通用组件
[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/neutron/neutron.conf
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone

###配置RabbitMQ消息队列的连接
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
###修改为openstack密码
rabbit_password = openstack

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = neutron
###修改为neutron密码
password = neutron

###锁路径配置
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/neutron/tmp
(3)配置网络选项(公共网络)

配置Linuxbridge代理:

[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
[linux_bridge]
###将公共虚拟网络和公共物理网络接口对应起来,修改为本机网卡名,本机eth0(IP)和eth1
physical_interface_mappings = provider:eth1

[vxlan]
###禁止VXLAN覆盖网络
enable_vxlan = False

[securitygroup]
###启用安全组并配置Linuxbridge iptables firewall driver
enable_security_group = True
firewall_driver = neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver
(4)为计算节点配置网络服务
[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
###配置访问参数
[neutron]
url = http://controller:9696
auth_url = http://controller:35357
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
region_name = RegionOne
project_name = service
username = neutron
###修改为neutron的密码
password = neutron
(5)完成安装
###重启计算服务
[root@compute ~]# systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute.service
###启动Linuxbridge代理并设置为开机自启
[root@compute ~]# systemctl enable neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service
[root@compute ~]# systemctl start neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service

3、验证操作

(1)获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc
(2)列出加载的扩展

验证neutron-server进程是否正常启动!!!

[root@controller ~]# neutron ext-list
+---------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| alias                     | name                                          |
+---------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| default-subnetpools       | Default Subnetpools                           |
| availability_zone         | Availability Zone                             |
| network_availability_zone | Network Availability Zone                     |
| auto-allocated-topology   | Auto Allocated Topology Services              |
| binding                   | Port Binding                                  |
| agent                     | agent                                         |
| subnet_allocation         | Subnet Allocation                             |
| dhcp_agent_scheduler      | DHCP Agent Scheduler                          |
| tag                       | Tag support                                   |
| external-net              | Neutron external network                      |
| net-mtu                   | Network MTU                                   |
| network-ip-availability   | Network IP Availability                       |
| quotas                    | Quota management support                      |
| provider                  | Provider Network                              |
| multi-provider            | Multi Provider Network                        |
| address-scope             | Address scope                                 |
| timestamp_core            | Time Stamp Fields addition for core resources |
| extra_dhcp_opt            | Neutron Extra DHCP opts                       |
| security-group            | security-group                                |
| rbac-policies             | RBAC Policies                                 |
| standard-attr-description | standard-attr-description                     |
| port-security             | Port Security                                 |
| allowed-address-pairs     | Allowed Address Pairs                         |
+---------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

八、启动一个实例


1、创建虚拟网络

(1)创建提供者网络
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc                 ###获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# neutron net-create --shared --provider:physical_network provider --provider:network_type flat provider
Created a new network:
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                     | Value                                |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up            | True                                 |
| availability_zone_hints   |                                      |
| availability_zones        |                                      |
| created_at                | 2018-09-19T13:09:36                  |
| description               |                                      |
| id                        | e72f1fe5-e634-4b58-814a-b856a51cc183 |
| ipv4_address_scope        |                                      |
| ipv6_address_scope        |                                      |
| mtu                       | 1500                                 |
| name                      | provider                             |
| port_security_enabled     | True                                 |
| provider:network_type     | flat                                 |
| provider:physical_network | provider                             |
| provider:segmentation_id  |                                      |
| router:external           | False                                |
| shared                    | True                                 |
| status                    | ACTIVE                               |
| subnets                   |                                      |
| tags                      |                                      |
| tenant_id                 | d2c589122d9f4273b572b1752551cdb7     |
| updated_at                | 2018-09-19T13:09:36                  |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
(2)创建subnet
[root@controller ~]# neutron subnet-create --name provider --allocation-pool start=10.10.10.10,end=10.10.10.20 --dns-nameserver 114.114.114.114 --gateway 10.10.10.100 provider 10.10.10.0/24
Created a new subnet:
+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                          |
+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+
| allocation_pools  | {"start": "10.10.10.10", "end": "10.10.10.20"} |
| cidr              | 10.10.10.0/24                                  |
| created_at        | 2018-09-19T13:09:57                            |
| description       |                                                |
| dns_nameservers   | 114.114.114.114                                |
| enable_dhcp       | True                                           |
| gateway_ip        | 10.10.10.100                                   |
| host_routes       |                                                |
| id                | decc1a0c-53cc-4632-98de-2ff64aaa806f           |
| ip_version        | 4                                              |
| ipv6_address_mode |                                                |
| ipv6_ra_mode      |                                                |
| name              | provider                                       |
| network_id        | e72f1fe5-e634-4b58-814a-b856a51cc183           |
| subnetpool_id     |                                                |
| tenant_id         | d2c589122d9f4273b572b1752551cdb7               |
| updated_at        | 2018-09-19T13:09:57                            |
+-------------------+------------------------------------------------+

2、创建m1.nano规格的主机

[root@controller ~]# openstack flavor create --id 0 --vcpus 1 --ram 64 --disk 1 m1.nano
+----------------------------+---------+
| Field                      | Value   |
+----------------------------+---------+
| OS-FLV-DISABLED:disabled   | False   |
| OS-FLV-EXT-DATA:ephemeral  | 0       |
| disk                       | 1       |
| id                         | 0       |
| name                       | m1.nano |
| os-flavor-access:is_public | True    |
| ram                        | 64      |
| rxtx_factor                | 1.0     |
| swap                       |         |
| vcpus                      | 1       |
+----------------------------+---------+

3、生成一个键值对

大部分云镜像支持公共密钥认证而不是传统的密码认证。在启动实例前,你必须添加一个公共密钥到计算服务。

(1)导入用户demo的凭证
[root@controller ~]# . demo-openrc
(2)生成和添加秘钥对
[root@controller ~]# ssh-keygen -q -N ""              ###回车就好
[root@controller ~]# openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | 20:ce:f0:e0:1b:4c:ae:e0:6d:c5:d5:e5:99:e4:3b:12 |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | 0f55752937b2424fbaeb04a8d6e147c3                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
(3)验证公钥的添加
[root@controller ~]# openstack keypair list
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | 20:ce:f0:e0:1b:4c:ae:e0:6d:c5:d5:e5:99:e4:3b:12 |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

4、增加安全组规则

(1)允许ICMP (ping)
[root@controller ~]# openstack security group rule create --proto icmp default
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                    | 76f2467b-b4af-4c62-bf24-14f98ff8d940 |
| ip_protocol           | icmp                                 |
| ip_range              | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| parent_group_id       | 74db9e1b-b34c-4f2a-9e80-a64b82aa5b13 |
| port_range            |                                      |
| remote_security_group |                                      |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
(2)允许安全shell(SSH)的访问
[root@controller ~]# openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                 | Value                                |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                    | 4442ece2-07fd-41f5-a755-cc0734cc507d |
| ip_protocol           | tcp                                  |
| ip_range              | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| parent_group_id       | 74db9e1b-b34c-4f2a-9e80-a64b82aa5b13 |
| port_range            | 22:22                                |
| remote_security_group |                                      |
+-----------------------+--------------------------------------+

5、在公有网络上创建实例

(1)获取demo权限
[root@controller ~]# . demo-openrc
(2)列出可用类型
[root@controller ~]# openstack flavor list
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name      |   RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.nano   |    64 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 1  | m1.tiny   |   512 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 2  | m1.small  |  2048 |   20 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 3  | m1.medium |  4096 |   40 |         0 |     2 | True      |
| 4  | m1.large  |  8192 |   80 |         0 |     4 | True      |
| 5  | m1.xlarge | 16384 |  160 |         0 |     8 | True      |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
(3)列出可用镜像
[root@controller ~]# openstack image list              ###我们前面创建的cirros
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-96a0-b72afe3eda46 | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
(4)列出可用网络
[root@controller ~]# openstack network list          ###我们刚创建的provider
+---------------------------------+----------+---------------------------------+
| ID                              | Name     | Subnets                         |
+---------------------------------+----------+---------------------------------+
| e72f1fe5-e634-4b58-814a-        | provider | decc1a0c-53cc-4632-98de-        |
| b856a51cc183                    |          | 2ff64aaa806f                    |
+---------------------------------+----------+---------------------------------+
(5)列出可用的安全组
[root@controller ~]# openstack security group list
+----------------------+---------+----------------------+----------------------+
| ID                   | Name    | Description          | Project              |
+----------------------+---------+----------------------+----------------------+
| 74db9e1b-b34c-4f2a-  | default | Default security     | 44a378473a174b01b9f1 |
| 9e80-a64b82aa5b13    |         | group                | 1df1d1bfad2c         |
+----------------------+---------+----------------------+----------------------+
(6)创建实例
###provider-instance就为虚拟机的名字,可以自己命名,使用provide公有网络的ID替换PUBLIC_NET_ID
[root@controller ~]# openstack server create --flavor m1.tiny --image cirros --nic net-id=e72f1fe5-e634-4b58-814a-b856a51cc183 --security-group default --key-name mykey provider-instance
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
| Field                                | Value                                 |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          |                                       |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 0                                     |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | scheduling                            |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | building                              |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | None                                  |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | None                                  |
| accessIPv4                           |                                       |
| accessIPv6                           |                                       |
| addresses                            |                                       |
| adminPass                            | nRjwCSmuWH3i                          |
| config_drive                         |                                       |
| created                              | 2018-09-19T13:13:28Z                  |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                           |
| hostId                               |                                       |
| id                                   | 8b2f5104-3380-4543-8232-b07bef2dd530  |
| image                                | cirros (f5ec2ae2-7a6d-4eaf-           |
|                                      | 96a0-b72afe3eda46)                    |
| key_name                             | mykey                                 |
| name                                 | provider-instance                     |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                    |
| progress                             | 0                                     |
| project_id                           | 44a378473a174b01b9f11df1d1bfad2c      |
| properties                           |                                       |
| security_groups                      | [{u'name': u'default'}]               |
| status                               | BUILD                                 |
| updated                              | 2018-09-19T13:13:29Z                  |
| user_id                              | 0f55752937b2424fbaeb04a8d6e147c3      |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
(7)检查实例的状态
###可以发现生成的地址在我们刚给的范围内,并且状态由BUILD变为ACTIVE
[root@controller ~]# openstack server list
+----------------------+-------------------+--------+----------------------+
| ID                   | Name              | Status | Networks             |
+----------------------+-------------------+--------+----------------------+
| 8b2f5104-3380-4543-8 | provider-instance | ACTIVE | provider=10.10.10.11 |
| 232-b07bef2dd530     |                   |        |                      |
+----------------------+-------------------+--------+----------------------+

###此时我们在计算节点可以查看到此实例,且状态为running
[root@compute ~]# virsh list
 Id    Name                           State
----------------------------------------------------
 1     instance-00000001              running
(8)使用虚拟控制台访问实例
###获取你实例的URL并从web浏览器访问它,这里名字是provider-instance
[root@controller ~]# openstack console url show provider-instance
+-------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                |
+-------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                |
| url   | http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html?token=c8e02fba-14e6-453b-       |
|       | b0f5-b0f82b270efc                                                    |
+-------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
(9)访问报错

真机为linux因此也要加入Host解析!!!

<1> 报错:
openstack访问IPXE (http://ipxe.org)) 00:03.0 C980 PCI2.10 PnP PMM

在这里插入图片描述
<2> 解决方案

下载地址:https://www.qemu.org/download/

###报错的原因是QEMU的版本为1.5.3过低,进行升级就好了
[root@compute ~]# virsh version
Compiled against library: libvirt 2.0.0
Using library: libvirt 2.0.0
Using API: QEMU 2.0.0
Running hypervisor: QEMU 1.5.3

[root@compute ~]# wget https://download.qemu.org/qemu-2.6.0.tar.bz2
[root@compute ~]# yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ automake libtool zlib-devel glib2-devel bzip2-devel libuuid-devel spice-protocol spice-server-devel usbredir-devel libaio-devel
[root@compute ~]# tar xf qemu-2.6.0.tar.bz2
[root@compute ~]# cd qemu-2.6.0
[root@compute qemu-2.6.0]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/qemu
###注意:编译的过程很慢,可以把百度网盘中的qemu目录放在/usr/local下就好
[root@compute qemu-2.6.0]# make && make install
[root@compute ~]# rm -f /usr/bin/qemu-kvm
[root@compute ~]# rm -f /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm
[root@compute ~]# rm -f /usr/bin/qemu-img
[root@compute ~]# ln -s /usr/local/qemu/bin/qemu-system-x86_64 /usr/bin/qemu-kvm
[root@compute ~]# ln -s /usr/local/qemu/bin/qemu-system-x86_64 /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm
[root@compute ~]# ln -s /usr/local/qemu/bin/qemu-img /usr/bin/qemu-img
[root@compute ~]# virsh version
Compiled against library: libvirt 2.0.0
Using library: libvirt 2.0.0
Using API: QEMU 2.0.0
Running hypervisor: QEMU 2.6.0
(10)再次访问

这里应该是要重启某些服务,我是直接把控制节点和计算节点重启后进行访问!!!

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

九、配置Dashboard


1、安装配置

(1)安装包
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-dashboard
(2)配置local_settings
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings
###配置仪表盘以使用 OpenStack 服务
OPENSTACK_HOST = "controller"
###启用对域的支持
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_URL = "http://%s:5000/v3" % OPENSTACK_HOST
###通过仪表盘创建的用户默认角色配置为user
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_ROLE = "user"

###允许所有主机访问仪表板
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*', ]

###配置memcached会话存储服务
SESSION_ENGINE = 'django.contrib.sessions.backends.cache'        ###此条不存在
###这条存在直接修改就好了
CACHES = {  
    'default': {
         'BACKEND': 'django.core.cache.backends.memcached.MemcachedCache',
         'LOCATION': 'controller:11211',
    }
}

###启用对域的支持
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_MULTIDOMAIN_SUPPORT = True

###配置API版本
OPENSTACK_API_VERSIONS = {
    "identity": 3,
    "image": 2,
    "volume": 2,
}

###通过仪表盘创建用户时的默认域配置为default 
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_DOMAIN = 'default'

###如果您选择网络参数1,禁用支持3层网络服务
OPENSTACK_NEUTRON_NETWORK = {
    'enable_router': False,
    'enable_quotas': False,
    'enable_ipv6': False,
    'enable_distributed_router': False,
    'enable_ha_router': False,
    'enable_lb': False,
    'enable_firewall': False,
    'enable_vpn': False,
    'enable_fip_topology_check': False,
    ...
    }

###配置时区
TIME_ZONE = "Asia/shanghai"
(3)完成安装
[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart httpd.service memcached.service
(4)报错

这个报错我之前搭建也未遇到过,感觉很奇怪!!!

<1> 登陆报错:

http://10.10.10.1/dashboard

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

[root@controller ~]# cat /var/log/httpd/error_log                     ###日志报错
[Thu Sep 20 21:09:58.075790 2018] [:error] [pid 3295]     "Unable to create a new session key. "
[Thu Sep 20 21:09:58.075792 2018] [:error] [pid 3295] RuntimeError: Unable to create a new session key. It is likely that the cache is unavailable.

<2> 解决方案

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings

在这里插入图片描述

[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart httpd.service memcached.service             ###重启服务

在这里插入图片描述

(5)修改字体为中文

在这里插入图片描述在这里插入图片描述

十、私有网络配置


1、配置控制节点私有网络(controller)

(1)安装组件

组件在安装公共网络时已经进行了安装!!!

[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-neutron openstack-neutron-ml2 openstack-neutron-linuxbridge ebtables
(2)配置服务组件
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/neutron.conf                 ###修改这2处即可

在这里插入图片描述

(3)配置Modular Layer 2 (ML2)插件
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

(4)配置Linuxbridge代理
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
###启用VXLAN覆盖网络,配置覆盖网络的物理网络接口的IP地址,启用layer-2 population
[vxlan]
enable_vxlan = True
###本地IP地址(controller)
local_ip = 10.10.10.1
l2_population = True
(5)配置layer-3代理
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini
[DEFAULT]
interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.BridgeInterfaceDriver
external_network_bridge =
(6)启动layer-3服务
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable neutron-l3-agent.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start neutron-l3-agent.service

2、配置计算节点私有网络(compute)

(1)配置Linuxbridge代理
[root@compute ~]# vim /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/linuxbridge_agent.ini
[vxlan]
enable_vxlan = True
local_ip = 10.10.10.2
l2_population = True
(2)完成安装
[root@compute ~]# systemctl enable neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service
[root@compute ~]# systemctl restart neutron-linuxbridge-agent.service
(3)修改配置local_settings,支持3层网络服务
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings

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[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart httpd memcached

十一、Dashboard页面操作


1、配置网络(实现通信)

(1)删除云主机和网络

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(2)创建公共网络(admin)

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(3)创建私有网络

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(4)创建路由(使公网和私网通信)

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到此我们可以发现通过路由公网和私网进行了链接!!!

2、创建云主机

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3、绑定浮动IP

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4、测试

[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc 
[root@controller ~]#  openstack server list
+------------------------------+-------+--------+------------------------------+
| ID                           | Name  | Status | Networks                     |
+------------------------------+-------+--------+------------------------------+
| 0700ea53-d2ca-               | cloud | ACTIVE | provite=10.0.0.3,            |
| 4de6-bf40-03f3233ee41b       |       |        | 10.10.10.122                 |
+------------------------------+-------+--------+------------------------------+

###可以发现可以通过URL访问,并且ip addr查看为10.0.0.3
[root@controller ~]# openstack console url show cloud
+-------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                           |
+-------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                           |
| url   | http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html?token=f150201d-ea5f-4556-a0a3-c1d3e0bf6da8 |
+-------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# ping 10.0.0.3
connect: Network is unreachable
[root@controller ~]# ping 10.10.10.122
PING 10.10.10.122(10.10.10.122) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.10.10.122: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.305 ms
64 bytes from 10.10.10.122: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.323 ms

十二、块存储服务


1、安装和配置控制节点(controller)

(1)配置数据库
[root@controller ~]# mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE cinder;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'cinder';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'cinder';
(2)创建服务证书
[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc                    ###获取admin权限
[root@controller ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt cinder
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 296463ec2b564fcd85d49d9e89d8cc15 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 8e13279473104f1a8354346743c32e17 |
| name      | cinder                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+

###添加admin角色到cinder用户上,这个命令执行后没有输出
[root@controller ~]# openstack role add --project service --user cinder admin

###创建cinder和cinderv2服务实体,块设备存储服务要求两个服务实体
[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name cinder --description "OpenStack Block Storage" volume
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Block Storage          |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 1459c962567d4572a9334d3921792654 |
| name        | cinder                           |
| type        | volume                           |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller ~]# openstack service create --name cinderv2 --description "OpenStack Block Storage" volumev2
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Block Storage          |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | f92b834b5eaf4816af12020b9921eb6c |
| name        | cinderv2                         |
| type        | volumev2                         |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
(3)创建块设备存储服务的API入口点

块设备存储服务每个服务实体都需要端点。

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume public http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | 37e871970fea4d4c9d692a9b22369f7e        |
| interface    | public                                  |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | 1459c962567d4572a9334d3921792654        |
| service_name | cinder                                  |
| service_type | volume                                  |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume internal http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | 081594304c504dbda026e7bbb2d1f843        |
| interface    | internal                                |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | 1459c962567d4572a9334d3921792654        |
| service_name | cinder                                  |
| service_type | volume                                  |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volume admin http://controller:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | e232403f9b4f411ab340193b95353376        |
| interface    | admin                                   |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | 1459c962567d4572a9334d3921792654        |
| service_name | cinder                                  |
| service_type | volume                                  |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v1/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 public http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | 4d4f4f034442427f8fe9ba5a47e2343c        |
| interface    | public                                  |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | f92b834b5eaf4816af12020b9921eb6c        |
| service_name | cinderv2                                |
| service_type | volumev2                                |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v2/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 internal http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | ba633f8ec89a4206b9ed71fa18e5e0e7        |
| interface    | internal                                |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | f92b834b5eaf4816af12020b9921eb6c        |
| service_name | cinderv2                                |
| service_type | volumev2                                |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v2/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev2 admin http://controller:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                   |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                    |
| id           | 52cae10050dc42919344c0d9f385b162        |
| interface    | admin                                   |
| region       | RegionOne                               |
| region_id    | RegionOne                               |
| service_id   | f92b834b5eaf4816af12020b9921eb6c        |
| service_name | cinderv2                                |
| service_type | volumev2                                |
| url          | http://controller:8776/v2/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+-----------------------------------------+
(4)安装配置组件
[root@controller ~]# yum install -y openstack-cinder

(5)配置cinder.conf

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
###自身IP
my_ip = 10.10.10.1

###配置数据库访问
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://cinder:cinder@controller/cinde

###配置RabbitMQ消息队列访问
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
rabbit_password = openstack

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = cinder
password = cinder

###锁路径配置
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/cinder/tmp
(6)初始化块设备服务的数据库
###忽略输出中任何不推荐使用的信息
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "cinder-manage db sync" cinder
(7)配置计算节点以使用块设备存储
[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/nova/nova.conf
[cinder]
os_region_name = RegionOne
(8)完成安装
###重启API服务
[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart openstack-nova-api.service
###启动块设备存储服务,并将其配置为开机自启
[root@controller ~]# systemctl enable openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl start openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service

2、配置存储节点(block)

(1)安装支持的工具包
###安装LVM包,一些发行版默认包含了LVM
[root@block ~]# yum install -y lvm2
###启动LVM的metadata服务并且设置该服务随系统启动
[root@block ~]# systemctl enable lvm2-lvmetad.service
[root@block ~]# systemctl start lvm2-lvmetad.service
(2)添加一块存储
[root@block ~]# fdisk -l

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(3)创建LVM
###创建物理卷/dev/vda
[root@block ~]# pvcreate /dev/vda
###创建LVM卷组cinder-volumes
[root@block ~]# vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/vda

###查看
[root@block ~]# pvs
  PV         VG             Fmt  Attr PSize  PFree
  /dev/sda2  rhel           lvm2 a--  19.00g    0 
  /dev/vda   cinder-volumes lvm2 a--   2.00g 2.00g
[root@block ~]# vgs
  VG             #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize  VFree
  cinder-volumes   1   0   0 wz--n-  2.00g 2.00g
  rhel             1   2   0 wz--n- 19.00g    0 
(4)配置lvm.conf
[root@block ~]# vim /etc/lvm/lvm.conf
devices {
	...
	filter = [ "a/vda/", "r/.*/"]
(5)安全并配置组件
[root@block ~]# yum install -y openstack-cinder targetcli python-keystone
(6)配置cinder.conf
[root@block ~]# vim /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[DEFAULT]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
###配置为本机IP
my_ip = 10.10.10.3
###配置镜像服务API的位置
glance_api_servers = http://controller:9292

###配置数据库访问
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://cinder:cinder@controller/cinder

###配置RabbitMQ消息队列访问
[oslo_messaging_rabbit]
rabbit_host = controller
rabbit_userid = openstack
rabbit_password = openstack

###认证服务访问配置
[keystone_authtoken]
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = cinder
password = cinder

###此模块不存在,自己添加,配置LVM后端以LVM驱动结束
[lvm]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
volume_group = cinder-volumes
iscsi_protocol = iscsi
iscsi_helper = lioadm

###锁路径配置
[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = /var/lib/cinder/tmp
(7)完成安装
[root@block ~]# systemctl enable openstack-cinder-volume.service target.service
[root@block ~]# systemctl start openstack-cinder-volume.service target.service
(8)连接云硬盘

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3、验证操作

[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc              ###获取admin权限
###列出服务组件以验证是否每个进程都成功启动
[root@controller ~]# cinder service-list
+------------------+------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+
|      Binary      |    Host    | Zone |  Status | State |         Updated_at         | Disabled Reason |
+------------------+------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+
| cinder-scheduler | controller | nova | enabled |   up  | 2018-09-21T12:05:56.000000 |        -        |
|  cinder-volume   |  block@lvm | nova | enabled |   up  | 2018-09-21T12:05:49.000000 |        -        |
+------------------+------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+

###连接到cloud上面可以看到存储即为成功
[root@controller ~]# ssh cirros@10.10.10.122
$sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/vdb: 1073 MB,1073741824 Bytes

4、扩展云硬盘

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十三、创建镜像主机


1、图形安装

[root@dream images]# ls /root/
rhel-server-6.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
[root@dream ~]# cd /var/lib/libvirt/images/
[root@dream images]# qemu-img create -f qcow2 test.qcow2 5G
###也可以使用"--cdrom="来指定镜像
[root@dream images]# virt-install --name test --memory 1024 --location /root/rhel-server-6.5-x86_64-dvd.iso --disk test.qcow2

注意:创建的分区仅仅只有一个/,且格式为ext4!!!

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2、封装虚拟机

(1)关闭防火墙
# /etc/init.d/iptables stop
# /etc/init.d/ip6tables stop
# chkconfig iptables off
# chkconfig ip6tables off
(2)关闭selinux
# sed -i 's#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g' /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
(3)关闭进度条显示
# vim /boot/grub/grub.conf             ###修改后面
        kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64 ro root=UUID=5d5513e3-55ac-41a9-b154-c5864cb15391 rd_NO_LUKS rd_NO_LVM LANG=en_US.UTF-8 rd_NO_MD SYSFONT=latarcyrheb-sun16 crashkernel=auto  KEYBOARDTYPE=pc KEYTABLE=us rd_NO_DM  quiet cons
(4)配置yum源
# cd /var/www/html/cloud-init/rhel6
# createrepo .

# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/yum.repo
[rhel6.5]
name=rhel6.5
baseurl=http://10.10.10.250/rhel6.5
gpgcheck=0

[cloud-init]
name=cloud-init
baseurl=http://10.10.10.250/cloud-init/rhel6
gpgcheck=0
(5)配置网卡
# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=dhcp

# cat /etc/sysconfig/network
NETWORKING=yes
HOSTNAME=localhost.localdomain
NOZERCONF=yes
(6)安装软件及配置
# yum install -y acpid
# chkconfig acpid on
# yum install -y cloud-init cloud-utils-growpart dracut-modules-growroot
# dracut -f
# ll /boot/
total 20915
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   105195 Nov 10  2013 config-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root     1024 Sep 21 13:51 efi
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root     1024 Sep 22 02:03 grub
-rw-------. 1 root root 14445312 Sep 22 02:27 initramfs-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64.img
drwx------. 2 root root    12288 Sep 21 13:49 lost+found
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   193758 Nov 10  2013 symvers-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  2518236 Nov 10  2013 System.map-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root  4128944 Nov 10  2013 vmlinuz-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64

# vim /etc/cloud/cloud.cfg
cloud_init_modules:
 - bootcmd
 - write-files
 - resizefs
 - set_hostname
 - update_hostname
 - update_etc_hosts
 - rsyslog
 - users-groups
 - ssh
 - resolv-conf                              ###添加此项
(7)关机并清除配置
# poweroff
[root@dream ~]# virt-sysprep -d test                    ###带主机名的就是真机了
(8)压缩镜像
[root@dream ~]# cd /var/lib/libvirt/images/
[root@dream images]# virt-sparsify --compress test.qcow2 test.qcow2.new
[root@dream images]# du -sh test.qcow2 test.qcow2.new 
1.1G	test.qcow2
288M	test.qcow2.new

###复制到自己默认发布目录
[root@dream images]# cp test.qcow2.new /var/www/html/

然后通过dashboard,系统 --> 镜像 --> 创建镜像,输入(http://10.10.10.250/test.qcow2.new)进行导入,这就是模板,我们就可以进行上面的方法进行选择模板进行创建即可进行使用!!!

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