class_create()和如果register_chrdev

从linux内核2.6的某个版本之后,devfs不复存在,udev成为devfs的替代。相比devfs,udev有很多优势,在此就不罗嗦了,提醒一点,udev是应用层的东东,不要试图在内核的配置选项里找到它;加入对udev的支持很简单,以作者所写的一个字符设备驱动为例,在驱动初始化的代码里调用class_create为该设备创建一个class,再为每个设备调用 class_device_create创建对应的设备。大致用法如下:
struct class *myclass = class_create(THIS_MODULE, “my_device_driver”);
class_device_create(myclass, NULL, MKDEV(major_num, 0), NULL, “my_device”);
这样的module被加载时,udev daemon就会自动在/dev下创建my_device设备文件


class_create()
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linux-2.6.22/include/linux/device.h
struct class *class_create(struct module *owner, const char *name)
    class_create - create a struct class structure
    @owner: pointer to the module that is to "own" this struct class
    @name: pointer to a string for the name of this class.

在/sys/class/下创建类目录



  int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name,
             struct file_operations *fops);

如果register_chrdev操作成功,设备名就会出现在/proc/devices文件里。
在成功的向系统注册了设备驱动程序后(调用register_chrdev()成功后),就可以用mknod命令来把设备映射为一个特别文件,其它程序使用这个设备的时候,只要对此特别文件进行操作就行了

class_device_create()
-------------------------------------------------
linux-2.6.22/include/linux/device.h
struct class_device *class_device_create(struct class        *cls,
                                         struct class_device *parent,
                                         dev_t               devt,
                                         struct device       *device,
                                         const char          *fmt, ...)

    class_device_create - creates a class device and registers it with sysfs
    @cls: pointer to the struct class that this device should be registered to.
    @parent: pointer to the parent struct class_device of this new device, if any.
    @devt: the dev_t for the char device to be added.
    @device: a pointer to a struct device that is assiociated with this class device.
    @fmt: string for the class device's name

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