Uri转换成Path(绝对路径) 适配所有版本

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public class UriToPathUtil {
    public static String getRealFilePath(Context context, final Uri uri) {
        if (null == uri)
            return null;
        final String scheme = uri.getScheme();
        String data = null;
        if (scheme == null)
            data = uri.getPath();
        else if (ContentResolver.SCHEME_FILE.equals(scheme)) {
            data = uri.getPath();
        } else if (ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT.equals(scheme)) {
            Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, new String[] { MediaStore.Images.ImageColumns.DATA }, null, null, null);
            if (null != cursor) {
                if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                    int index = cursor.getColumnIndex(MediaStore.Images.ImageColumns.DATA);
                    if (index > -1) {
                        data = cursor.getString(index);
                    }

                }
                cursor.close();
            }
            if (data == null) {
                data = getImageAbsolutePath(context, uri);
            }

        }
        return data;
    }

    public static Uri getUri(final String filePath) {
        return Uri.fromFile(new File(filePath));
    }

    /**
     * 根据Uri获取图片绝对路径,解决Android4.4以上版本Uri转换
     *
     * @param context
     * @param imageUri
     * @author yaoxing
     * @date 2014-10-12
     */
    @TargetApi(19)
    public static String getImageAbsolutePath(Context context, Uri imageUri) {
        if (context == null || imageUri == null)
            return null;
        if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, imageUri)) {
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(imageUri)) {
                String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(imageUri);
                String[] split = docId.split(":");
                String type = split[0];
                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                }
            } else if (isDownloadsDocument(imageUri)) {
                String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(imageUri);
                Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));
                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            } else if (isMediaDocument(imageUri)) {
                String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(imageUri);
                String[] split = docId.split(":");
                String type = split[0];
                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }
                String selection = MediaStore.Images.Media._ID + "=?";
                String[] selectionArgs = new String[] { split[1] };
                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }
        } // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(imageUri.getScheme())) {
            // Return the remote address
            if (isGooglePhotosUri(imageUri))
                return imageUri.getLastPathSegment();
            return getDataColumn(context, imageUri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(imageUri.getScheme())) {
            return imageUri.getPath();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection, String[] selectionArgs) {
        Cursor cursor = null;
        String column = MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA;
        String[] projection = { column };
        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs, null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *                The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *                The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *                The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *                The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }
}
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