支付宝PC(二维码扫码)支付(Java开发)完整版

一:准备工作

1:如没有账号的请先去 支付宝商户平台 注册商户号

2:开发前需要导入支付宝SDK 支付宝SDK下载链接 Maven依赖也在里面

3:生成支付宝密钥、公钥,需要用到支付宝密钥生成工具 密钥生成工具下载链接 ,密钥用于签名使用

4:电脑网站支付结果异步通知(关于支付结果异步通知后续会专门写一个博客,需要重点注意)

注意:请先详细查看官方文档按步骤开发,一切以官方文档为主 支付宝官方开发文档,如使用老接口请移步 老版即时到账文档

5:测试的时候一定要使用内网穿透软件,否则会报错

二:开发代码

博主使用的是沙箱环境,正式上线时请将环境改为正式环境

AlipayConfig:
public class AlipayConfig {
    //支付宝商户号的APPID
    public static String APPID = "";

    //用支付宝密钥生成工具生成的私钥
    public static String RSA_PRIVATE_KEY = "";

    //电脑网站支付结果异步通知,可以参考异步文档,一定要是外网能访问的
    public static String notify_url = ""; 

    //电脑网站支付结果同步通知,用于转跳到用户自己的页面,一定要是外网能访问的
    public static String return_url = ""; 

    //沙箱接口,正式上线时请改用正式支付接口
    public static String URL = "https://openapi.alipaydev.com/gateway.do"; 

    //固定的参数
    public static String CHARSET = "UTF-8";

    //固定的参数
    public static String FORMAT = "json";

    //用支付宝密钥生成工具生成的公钥
    public static String ALIPAY_PUBLIC_KEY = "";

    //固定的参数
    public static String log_path = "/log";

    //固定的参数
    public static String SIGNTYPE = "RSA2";

    public AlipayConfig() {
    }
}

 

AlipayService:
public interface AlipayService {
    public String toAlipay(Map<String, String> sourceMap) throws IOException;
}

 

AlipayServiceImpl:
@Service
public class AlipayServiceImpl implements AlipayService {

    @Override
    public String toAlipay(Map<String, String> sourceMap) throws IOException {
        AlipayClient alipayClient = new DefaultAlipayClient(AlipayConfig.URL,AlipayConfig.APPID,AlipayConfig.RSA_PRIVATE_KEY,AlipayConfig.FORMAT,AlipayConfig.CHARSET,AlipayConfig.ALIPAY_PUBLIC_KEY,AlipayConfig.SIGNTYPE);
        AlipayTradePagePayRequest alipayRequest = new AlipayTradePagePayRequest();
        alipayRequest.setReturnUrl(AlipayConfig.return_url);
        alipayRequest.setNotifyUrl(AlipayConfig.notify_url);
        AlipayTradeWapPayModel alipayTradeWapPayModel = new AlipayTradeWapPayModel();
        alipayTradeWapPayModel.setOutTradeNo(sourceMap.get("out_trade_no"));
        alipayTradeWapPayModel.setProductCode("FAST_INSTANT_TRADE_PAY");
        alipayTradeWapPayModel.setTotalAmount(sourceMap.get("total_amount"));
        alipayTradeWapPayModel.setSubject("Alipay");
        alipayTradeWapPayModel.setBody(sourceMap.get("body"));
        alipayRequest.setBizModel(alipayTradeWapPayModel);
        String form="";
        try {
            form = alipayClient.pageExecute(alipayRequest).getBody();
        } catch (AlipayApiException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return form;
    }

}

 

AlipayController:
@Controller
public class AlipayController {

    @Autowired
    public AlipayService alipayService;


    @RequestMapping("pay")
    public void toAlipay(HttpServletRequest httpRequest , HttpServletResponse httpResponse, String payId, String totalFee, String body) throws IOException {

        //生成一笔支付记录,支付完成时将支付状态改为成功


        Map<String, String> sourceMap = new HashMap<>();
        sourceMap.put("out_trade_no",payId);
        sourceMap.put("total_amount",totalFee);
        sourceMap.put("body",getUTF8XMLString(body));


        String form = alipayService.toAlipay(sourceMap);
        httpResponse.setContentType("text/html;charset=" + AlipayConfig.CHARSET);
        httpResponse.getWriter().write(form);
        httpResponse.getWriter().flush();
        httpResponse.getWriter().close();
    }


    //注意异步返回结果通知是以post请求形式返回的
    @RequestMapping("notifyUrl")
    public String notify_url(HttpServletRequest request){
        Map<String, String> paramsMap = convertRequestParamsToMap(request);
        String out_trade_no= paramsMap.get("out_trade_no");
        try {
            boolean signVerified = AlipaySignature.rsaCheckV1(paramsMap, AlipayConfig.ALIPAY_PUBLIC_KEY, AlipayConfig.CHARSET, AlipayConfig.SIGNTYPE);
            //无论同步异步都要验证签名
            if(signVerified){
                if(trade_status.equals("TRADE_FINISHED") || trade_status.equals("TRADE_SUCCESS")){
                    //处理自己系统的业务逻辑,如:将支付记录状态改为成功,需要返回一个字符串success告知支付宝服务器
                    
                    return "success";
                } else {
                    //支付失败不处理业务逻辑
                    return "failure";
                }
            }else {
               //签名验证失败不处理业务逻辑
                return "failure";
            }
        } catch (AlipayApiException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return "failure";
        }
    }

    //注意同步返回结果是以get请求形式返回的
    @RequestMapping("returnUrl")
    public String return_url(HttpServletRequest request){
        Map<String, String> paramsMap = convertRequestParamsToMap(request);
        try {
            boolean signVerified = AlipaySignature.rsaCheckV1(paramsMap, AlipayConfig.ALIPAY_PUBLIC_KEY, AlipayConfig.CHARSET, AlipayConfig.SIGNTYPE);
            if(signVerified){
                //跳转支付成功界面
                return "支付成功页面";

            }else {
                //跳转支付失败界面
                return "failure";
            }
        } catch (AlipayApiException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "success";
    }


    //将请求中的参数转换为Map
    public static Map<String, String> convertRequestParamsToMap(HttpServletRequest request) {
        Map<String, String> retMap = new HashMap();
        Set<Entry<String, String[]>> entrySet = request.getParameterMap().entrySet();
        Iterator var3 = entrySet.iterator();

        while(true) {
            while(var3.hasNext()) {
                Entry<String, String[]> entry = (Entry)var3.next();
                String name = (String)entry.getKey();
                String[] values = (String[])entry.getValue();
                int valLen = values.length;
                if(valLen == 1) {
                    retMap.put(name, values[0]);
                } else if(valLen <= 1) {
                    retMap.put(name, "");
                } else {
                    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                    String[] var9 = values;
                    int var10 = values.length;

                    for(int var11 = 0; var11 < var10; ++var11) {
                        String val = var9[var11];
                        sb.append(",").append(val);
                    }

                    retMap.put(name, sb.toString().substring(1));
                }
            }

            return retMap;
        }
    }

    //将字符串转换为UTF-8编码以防出现乱码错误
    public static String getUTF8XMLString(String xml) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        sb.append(xml);
        String xmString = "";
        String xmlUTF8="";
        try {
            xmString = new String(sb.toString().getBytes("UTF-8"));
            xmlUTF8 = URLEncoder.encode(xmString, "UTF-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return xmlUTF8;
    }
}

至此代码已经完成!!!

 

三:演示结果

注意:扫码或者登陆账户时如果用的是沙开发环境请使用沙盒支付宝APP扫码,或者使用沙盒账户支付,否则会弹出码已失效错误

支付宝沙箱

支付成功页面是从支付结果同步通知controller中跳转的,后续会更新最详细最完整的微信Navicat支付跟PayPal支付,有兴趣请关注博主

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