Leetcode-695. Max Area of Island 岛屿的最大面积 (矩阵DFS)

题目

给定一个包含了一些 0 和 1 的非空二维数组 grid 。
一个 岛屿 是由一些相邻的 1 (代表土地) 构成的组合,这里的「相邻」要求两个 1 必须在水平或者竖直方向上相邻。你可以假设 grid 的四个边缘都被 0(代表水)包围着。
链接:https://leetcode.com/problems/max-area-of-island/

Given a non-empty 2D array grid of 0’s and 1’s, an island is a group of 1’s (representing land) connected 4-directionally (horizontal or vertical.) You may assume all four edges of the grid are surrounded by water.

Find the maximum area of an island in the given 2D array. (If there is no island, the maximum area is 0.)

Example:

[[0,0,1,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0],
[0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,0,0],
[0,1,1,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0],
[0,1,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,0],
[0,1,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,0],
[0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0],
[0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,0,0],
[0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0]]
Given the above grid, return 6. Note the answer is not 11, because the island must be connected 4-directionally.

思路及代码

DFS

class Solution:
    def maxAreaOfIsland(self, grid: List[List[int]]) -> int:
        def dfs(row, col):
            if row < 0 or col < 0 or row >= m or col >= n or not grid[row][col]:
                return 0
            grid[row][col] = 0
            return dfs(row-1, col) + \
                dfs(row+1, col) + \
                dfs(row, col-1) + \
                dfs(row, col+1) + 1
        
        if not grid:
            return 0
        m = len(grid)
        n = len(grid[0])
        ans = 0
        for i in range(m):
            for j in range(n):
                if grid[i][j]:
                    ans = max(ans, dfs(i,j))
        return ans

复杂度

T = O(mn)O(mn)
S = O(mn)O(mn)

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