Docker运维之端口、进程、资源使用、日志管理

二、Docker-Linux运维

1.端口

在registry节点使用netstat命令查询仓库监听端口号,查询完毕后通过lsof命令(如命令不存在则手工安装)查询使用此端口号的进程。将以上所有操作命令和输出结果以文本形式提交到命令行界面。

[root@registry ~]# netstat -ntpl

Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name   

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      724/sshd           

tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      802/master         

tcp6       0      0 :::5000                 :::*                    LISTEN      21423/docker-proxy 

tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      724/sshd           

tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      802/master 

[root@registry ~]# lsof  -i:5000

COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME

exe     21423 root    7u  IPv6 267372      0t0  TCP *:commplex-main (LISTEN)

2.进程

Registry节点通过lsof命令(如命令不存在则手工安装)查询/usr/bin/docker-current相关进程,并根据查询出来的进程号查询该进程所执行程序。将以上所有操作命令和输出结果以文本形式提交到命令行界面。

[root@registry ~]# lsof  /usr/bin/docker-current

COMMAND     PID USER  FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF     NODE NAME

docker-cu  1492 root txt    REG  253,1 45797613 16903916 /usr/bin/docker-current

exe       21423 root txt    REG  253,1 45797613 16903916 /usr/bin/docker-current

[root@registry ~]# ps aux |grep 1492

root      1492  0.0  1.9 790336 40752 ?        Ssl  Feb13  31:08 /usr/bin/docker-current daemon --exec-opt native.cgroupdriver=systemd --selinux-enabled --log-driver=journald --add-registry 192.168.200.12:5000 --insecure-registry 192.168.200.12:5000

root     32269  0.0  0.0 112640   956 pts/0    S+   02:34   0:00 grep --color=auto 1492

[root@registry ~]# ps aux |grep 21423

root     21423  0.0  0.8 253880 16520 ?        Sl   Mar03   2:55 docker-proxy -proto tcp -host-ip 0.0.0.0 -host-port 5000 -container-ip 172.17.0.2 -container-port 5000

root     32271  0.0  0.0 112640   960 pts/0    S+   02:34   0:00 grep --color=auto 21423

3.资源使用

在registry节点通过netstat命令(如命令不存在则手工安装)查询docker镜像仓库PID,使用top命令查询上一步查询的的PID的资源使用情况。将以上所有操作命令和输出结果以文本形式提交到命令行界面。

[root@registry ~]# netstat -ntpl

Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name    

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      724/sshd           

tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      802/master         

tcp6       0      0 :::5000                 :::*                    LISTEN      21423/docker-proxy 

tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      724/sshd           

tcp6       0      0 ::1:25                  :::*                    LISTEN      802/master 

[root@registry ~]# top -p 21423

top - 07:26:24 up 35 days,  3:06,  1 user,  load average: 0.00, 0.01, 0.05

Tasks:   1 total,   0 running,   1 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie

%Cpu(s):  0.0 us,  0.0 sy,  0.0 ni,100.0 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st

KiB Mem :  2049396 total,   118648 free,   127892 used,  1802856 buff/cache

KiB Swap:        0 total,        0 free,        0 used.  1721968 avail Mem

PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S %CPU %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                    

21423 root      20   0  253880  16520   7592 S  0.0  0.8   2:57.51 exe                                         

4.日志

在registry节点通过docker命令查询dockerregistry容器最后20条日志,将以上所有操作命令和输出结果以文本形式提交到命令行界面。

# docker logs --tail=20 940568599bb2

192.168.200.12 - - [29/Mar/2017:05:35:37 +0000] "GET /v2/ HTTP/1.1" 200 2 "" "docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64"

192.168.200.12 - - [29/Mar/2017:05:35:37 +0000] "GET /v1/search?q=swarm HTTP/1.1" 404 19 "" "docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64"

time="2017-03-29T05:35:49Z" level=info msg="response completed" go.version=go1.6.3 http.request.host="192.168.200.12:5000" http.request.id=7bc96c9d-e3a4-43fe-9f6f-1be0ad4e8fe3 http.request.method=GET http.request.remoteaddr="192.168.200.12:50872" http.request.uri="/v2/" http.request.useragent="docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64" http.response.contenttype="application/json; charset=utf-8" http.response.duration=1.946567ms http.response.status=200 http.response.written=2 instance.id=a5140eb2-63c4-40b1-8c88-24aff334bb6a version=v2.5.1

192.168.200.12 - - [29/Mar/2017:05:35:49 +0000] "GET /v2/ HTTP/1.1" 200 2 "" "docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64"

time="2017-03-29T05:35:49Z" level=error msg="response completed with error" err.code="manifest unknown" err.detail="unknown tag=latest" err.message="manifest unknown" go.version=go1.6.3 http.request.host="192.168.200.12:5000" http.request.id=466b5691-ea02-4b27-af3b-340fc69767a4 http.request.method=GET http.request.remoteaddr="192.168.200.12:50873" http.request.uri="/v2/swarm/manifests/latest" http.request.useragent="docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64" http.response.contenttype="application/json; charset=utf-8" http.response.duration=2.057137ms http.response.status=404 http.response.written=96 instance.id=a5140eb2-63c4-40b1-8c88-24aff334bb6a vars.name=swarm vars.reference=latest version=v2.5.1

192.168.200.12 - - [29/Mar/2017:05:35:49 +0000] "GET /v2/swarm/manifests/latest HTTP/1.1" 404 96 "" "docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64"

192.168.200.12 - - [29/Mar/2017:05:35:49 +0000] "GET /v1/repositories/swarm/images HTTP/1.1" 404 19 "" "docker/1.10.3 go/go1.6.3 git-commit/cb079f6-unsupported kernel/3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 os/linux arch/amd64"

time="2017-03-29T06:10:09Z" level=info msg="PurgeUploads starting: olderThan=2017-03-22 06:10:09.06177115 +0000 UTC, actuallyDelete=true"

time="2017-03-29T06:10:09Z" level=info msg="Purge uploads finished.  Num deleted=0, num errors=0"

time="2017-03-29T06:10:09Z" level=info msg="Starting upload purge in 24h0m0s" go.version=go1.6.3 instance.id=a5140eb2-63c4-40b1-8c88-24aff334bb6a version=v2.5.1

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