java、android可用的rtp封包解包h264

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/KokJuis/article/details/72782086


做直播,音视频通讯。经常需要通过rtp协议封装音视频数据来发送。网上找到的基本都是c或c++版本的,没有JAVA版本的。就算千辛万苦找到一篇java版本的,要么不能用,要么就是一些片段,要么有封包没解包。很是蛋疼,本人也是这样,刚开始不太熟悉rtp协议,不太明白怎么封包组包,痛苦了几天,终于搞出来了,分享给有需要的朋友,希望对你们有所帮助。


直接看代码吧。不多说了。


首先看看关键类:


package com.imsdk.socket.udp.codec;


import android.os.SystemClock;
import android.util.Log;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.concurrent.Semaphore;

public class RtspPacketEncode {

    private static final String TAG = "RtspPacketEncode";


    //------------视频转换数据监听-----------
    public interface H264ToRtpLinsener {
        void h264ToRtpResponse(byte[] out, int len);
    }

    private H264ToRtpLinsener h264ToRtpLinsener;

    //执行回调
    private void exceuteH264ToRtpLinsener(byte[] out, int len) {
        if (this.h264ToRtpLinsener != null) {
            h264ToRtpLinsener.h264ToRtpResponse(out, len);
        }
    }


    // -------视频--------
    private int framerate = 10;
    private byte[] sendbuf = new byte[1500];
    private int packageSize = 1400;
    private int seq_num = 0;
    private int timestamp_increse = (int) (90000.0 / framerate);//framerate是帧率
    private int ts_current = 0;
    private int bytes = 0;

    // -------视频END--------

    public RtspPacketEncode(H264ToRtpLinsener h264ToRtpLinsener) {
        this.h264ToRtpLinsener = h264ToRtpLinsener;
    }



    /**
     * 一帧一帧的RTP封包
     *
     * @param r
     * @return
     */
    public void h264ToRtp(byte[] r, int h264len) throws Exception {

        CalculateUtil.memset(sendbuf, 0, 1500);
        sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] | 96); // 负载类型号96,其值为:01100000
        sendbuf[0] = (byte) (sendbuf[0] | 0x80); // 版本号,此版本固定为2
        sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] & 254); //标志位,由具体协议规定其值,其值为:01100000
        sendbuf[11] = 10;//随机指定10,并在本RTP回话中全局唯一,java默认采用网络字节序号 不用转换(同源标识符的最后一个字节)
        if (h264len <= packageSize) {
            sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] | 0x80); // 设置rtp M位为1,其值为:11100000,分包的最后一片,M位(第一位)为0,后7位是十进制的96,表示负载类型
            sendbuf[3] = (byte) seq_num++;
            System.arraycopy(CalculateUtil.intToByte(seq_num++), 0, sendbuf, 2, 2);//send[2]和send[3]为序列号,共两位
            {
                // java默认的网络字节序是大端字节序(无论在什么平台上),因为windows为小字节序,所以必须倒序
                /**参考:
                 * http://blog.csdn.net/u011068702/article/details/51857557
                 * http://cpjsjxy.iteye.com/blog/1591261
                 */
                byte temp = 0;
                temp = sendbuf[3];
                sendbuf[3] = sendbuf[2];
                sendbuf[2] = temp;
            }
            // FU-A HEADER, 并将这个HEADER填入sendbuf[12]
            sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x80)) << 7);
            sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) ((r[0] & 0x60) >> 5)) << 5);
            sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x1f)));
            // 同理将sendbuf[13]赋给nalu_payload
            //NALU头已经写到sendbuf[12]中,接下来则存放的是NAL的第一个字节之后的数据。所以从r的第二个字节开始复制
            System.arraycopy(r, 1, sendbuf, 13, h264len - 1);
            ts_current = ts_current + timestamp_increse;
            System.arraycopy(CalculateUtil.intToByte(ts_current), 0, sendbuf, 4, 4);//序列号接下来是时间戳,4个字节,存储后也需要倒序
            {
                byte temp = 0;
                temp = sendbuf[4];
                sendbuf[4] = sendbuf[7];
                sendbuf[7] = temp;
                temp = sendbuf[5];
                sendbuf[5] = sendbuf[6];
                sendbuf[6] = temp;
            }
            bytes = h264len + 12;//获sendbuf的长度,为nalu的长度(包含nalu头但取出起始前缀,加上rtp_header固定长度12个字节)
            //client.send(new DatagramPacket(sendbuf, bytes, addr, port/*9200*/));
            //send(sendbuf,bytes);
            exceuteH264ToRtpLinsener(sendbuf, bytes);

        } else if (h264len > packageSize) {
            int k = 0, l = 0;
            k = h264len / packageSize;
            l = h264len % packageSize;
            int t = 0;
            ts_current = ts_current + timestamp_increse;
            System.arraycopy(CalculateUtil.intToByte(ts_current), 0, sendbuf, 4, 4);//时间戳,并且倒序
            {
                byte temp = 0;
                temp = sendbuf[4];
                sendbuf[4] = sendbuf[7];
                sendbuf[7] = temp;
                temp = sendbuf[5];
                sendbuf[5] = sendbuf[6];
                sendbuf[6] = temp;
            }
            while (t <= k) {
                System.arraycopy(CalculateUtil.intToByte(seq_num++), 0, sendbuf, 2, 2);//序列号,并且倒序
                {
                    byte temp = 0;
                    temp = sendbuf[3];
                    sendbuf[3] = sendbuf[2];
                    sendbuf[2] = temp;
                }
                if (t == 0) {//分包的第一片
                    sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] & 0x7F);//其值为:01100000,不是最后一片,M位(第一位)设为0
                    //FU indicator,一个字节,紧接在RTP header之后,包括F,NRI,header
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x80)) << 7);//禁止位,为0
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) ((r[0] & 0x60) >> 5)) << 5);//NRI,表示包的重要性
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | (byte) (28));//TYPE,表示此FU-A包为什么类型,一般此处为28
                    //FU header,一个字节,S,E,R,TYPE
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0xBF);//E=0,表示是否为最后一个包,是则为1
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0xDF);//R=0,保留位,必须设置为0
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] | 0x80);//S=1,表示是否为第一个包,是则为1
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x1f)));//TYPE,即NALU头对应的TYPE
                    //将除去NALU头剩下的NALU数据写入sendbuf的第14个字节之后。前14个字节包括:12字节的RTP Header,FU indicator,FU header
                    System.arraycopy(r, 1, sendbuf, 14, packageSize);
                    //client.send(new DatagramPacket(sendbuf, packageSize + 14, addr, port/*9200*/));
                    exceuteH264ToRtpLinsener(sendbuf, packageSize + 14);
                    t++;
                } else if (t == k) {//分片的最后一片
                    sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] | 0x80);

                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x80)) << 7);
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) ((r[0] & 0x60) >> 5)) << 5);
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | (byte) (28));

                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0xDF); //R=0,保留位必须设为0
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0x7F); //S=0,不是第一个包
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] | 0x40); //E=1,是最后一个包
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x1f)));//NALU头对应的type

                    if (0 != l) {//如果不能整除,则有剩下的包,执行此代码。如果包大小恰好是1400的倍数,不执行此代码。
                        System.arraycopy(r, t * packageSize + 1, sendbuf, 14, l - 1);//l-1,不包含NALU头
                        bytes = l - 1 + 14; //bytes=l-1+14;
                        //client.send(new DatagramPacket(sendbuf, bytes, addr, port/*9200*/));
                        //send(sendbuf,bytes);
                        exceuteH264ToRtpLinsener(sendbuf, bytes);
                    }//pl
                    t++;
                } else if (t < k && 0 != t) {//既不是第一片,又不是最后一片的包
                    sendbuf[1] = (byte) (sendbuf[1] & 0x7F); //M=0,其值为:01100000,不是最后一片,M位(第一位)设为0.
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x80)) << 7);
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | ((byte) ((r[0] & 0x60) >> 5)) << 5);
                    sendbuf[12] = (byte) (sendbuf[12] | (byte) (28));

                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0xDF); //R=0,保留位必须设为0
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0x7F); //S=0,不是第一个包
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] & 0xBF); //E=0,不是最后一个包
                    sendbuf[13] = (byte) (sendbuf[13] | ((byte) (r[0] & 0x1f)));//NALU头对应的type
                    System.arraycopy(r, t * packageSize + 1, sendbuf, 14, packageSize);//不包含NALU头
                    //client.send(new DatagramPacket(sendbuf, packageSize + 14, addr, port/*9200*/));
                    //send(sendbuf,1414);
                    exceuteH264ToRtpLinsener(sendbuf, packageSize + 14);

                    t++;
                }
            }
        }
    }


}

计算类:


package com.imsdk.socket.udp.codec;

/**
 * 计算类
 *
 * @author kokJuis
 */
public class CalculateUtil {

    /**
     * 注释:int到字节数组的转换!
     *
     * @param number
     * @return
     */
    public static byte[] intToByte(int number) {
        int temp = number;
        byte[] b = new byte[4];
        for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) {
            b[i] = new Integer(temp & 0xff).byteValue();// 将最低位保存在最低位
            temp = temp >> 8; // 向右移8位
        }
        return b;
    }


    public static int byteToInt(byte b) {
        //Java 总是把 byte 当做有符处理;我们可以通过将其和 0xFF 进行二进制与得到它的无符值
        return b & 0xFF;
    }


    //byte 数组与 int 的相互转换
    public static int byteArrayToInt(byte[] b) {
        return b[3] & 0xFF |
                (b[2] & 0xFF) << 8 |
                (b[1] & 0xFF) << 16 |
                (b[0] & 0xFF) << 24;
    }

    public static byte[] intToByteArray(int a) {
        return new byte[] {
                (byte) ((a >> 24) & 0xFF),
                (byte) ((a >> 16) & 0xFF),
                (byte) ((a >> 8) & 0xFF),
                (byte) (a & 0xFF)
        };
    }


    // 清空buf的值
    public static void memset(byte[] buf, int value, int size) {
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            buf[i] = (byte) value;
        }
    }

    public static void dump(NALU_t n) {
        System.out.println("len: " + n.len + " nal_unit_type:" + n.nal_unit_type);

    }

    // 判断是否为0x000001,如果是返回1
    public static int FindStartCode2(byte[] Buf, int off) {
        if (Buf[0 + off] != 0 || Buf[1 + off] != 0 || Buf[2 + off] != 1)
            return 0;
        else
            return 1;
    }

    // 判断是否为0x00000001,如果是返回1
    public static int FindStartCode3(byte[] Buf, int off) {
        if (Buf[0 + off] != 0 || Buf[1 + off] != 0 || Buf[2 + off] != 0 || Buf[3 + off] != 1)
            return 0;
        else
            return 1;
    }

}


使用的话,实现监听就可以了:


  @Override
    public void h264ToRtpResponse(byte[] out, int len) {
        //h264转rtp监听

        if (out != null) {
            Log.v(TAG, "---发送数据---" + len);
            netSendTask.pushBuf(out, len);
           
        }
	}
	
	rtspPacketEncode.h264ToRtp(h264, ret);


组包类:


package com.imsdk.socket.udp.codec;

public class RtspPacketDecode {


    private byte[] h264Buffer;
    private int h264Len = 0;
    private int h264Pos = 0;
    private static final byte[] start_code = {0, 0, 0, 1};     // h264 start code

	//传入视频的分辨率
    public RtspPacketDecode(int width, int height) {
        h264Buffer = new byte[getYuvBuffer(width, height)];
    }


    /**
     * RTP解包H264
     *
     * @param rtpData
     * @return
     */
    public byte[] rtp2h264(byte[] rtpData, int rtpLen) {

        int fu_header_len = 12;         // FU-Header长度为12字节
        int extension = (rtpData[0] & (1 << 4));  // X: 扩展为是否为1
        if (extension > 0) {
            // 计算扩展头的长度
            int extLen = (rtpData[12] << 24) + (rtpData[13] << 16) + (rtpData[14] << 8) + rtpData[15];
            fu_header_len += (extLen + 1) * 4;
        }
        // 解析FU-indicator
        byte indicatorType = (byte) (CalculateUtil.byteToInt(rtpData[fu_header_len]) & 0x1f); // 取出low 5 bit 则为FU-indicator type

        byte nri = (byte) ((CalculateUtil.byteToInt(rtpData[fu_header_len]) >> 5) & 0x03);    // 取出h2bit and h3bit
        byte f = (byte) (CalculateUtil.byteToInt(rtpData[fu_header_len]) >> 7);               // 取出h1bit
        byte h264_nal_header;
        byte fu_header;
        if (indicatorType == 28) {  // FU-A
            fu_header = rtpData[fu_header_len + 1];
            byte s = (byte) (rtpData[fu_header_len + 1] & 0x80);
            byte e = (byte) (rtpData[fu_header_len + 1] & 0x40);

            if (e == 64) {   // end of fu-a
                //ZOLogUtil.d("RtpParser", "end of fu-a.....;;;");
                byte[] temp = new byte[rtpLen - (fu_header_len + 2)];
                System.arraycopy(rtpData, fu_header_len + 2, temp, 0, temp.length);
                writeData2Buffer(temp, temp.length);
                if (h264Pos >= 0) {
                    h264Pos = -1;
                    if (h264Len > 0) {
                        byte[] h264Data = new byte[h264Len];
                        System.arraycopy(h264Buffer, 0, h264Data, 0, h264Len);
                        h264Len = 0;
                        return h264Data;
                    }
                }
            } else if (s == -128) { // start of fu-a
                h264Pos = 0;     // 指针归0
                writeData2Buffer(start_code, 4);        // 写入H264起始码
                h264_nal_header = (byte) ((fu_header & 0x1f) | (nri << 5) | (f << 7));
                writeData2Buffer(new byte[]{h264_nal_header}, 1);
                byte[] temp = new byte[rtpLen - (fu_header_len + 2)];
                System.arraycopy(rtpData, fu_header_len + 2, temp, 0, temp.length); // 负载数据
                writeData2Buffer(temp, temp.length);
            } else {
                byte[] temp = new byte[rtpLen - (fu_header_len + 2)];
                System.arraycopy(rtpData, fu_header_len + 2, temp, 0, temp.length);
                writeData2Buffer(temp, temp.length);
            }
        } else { // nalu
            h264Pos = 0;
            writeData2Buffer(start_code, 4);
            byte[] temp = new byte[rtpLen - fu_header_len];
            System.arraycopy(rtpData, fu_header_len, temp, 0, temp.length);
            writeData2Buffer(temp, temp.length);
            if (h264Pos >= 0) {
                h264Pos = -1;
                if (h264Len > 0) {
                    byte[] h264Data = new byte[h264Len];
                    System.arraycopy(h264Buffer, 0, h264Data, 0, h264Len);
                    h264Len = 0;
                    return h264Data;
                }
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    private void writeData2Buffer(byte[] data, int len) {
        if (h264Pos >= 0) {
            System.arraycopy(data, 0, h264Buffer, h264Pos, len);
            h264Pos += len;
            h264Len += len;
        }
    }

    //计算h264大小
    public int getYuvBuffer(int width, int height) {
        // stride = ALIGN(width, 16)
        int stride = (int) Math.ceil(width / 16.0) * 16;
        // y_size = stride * height
        int y_size = stride * height;
        // c_stride = ALIGN(stride/2, 16)
        int c_stride = (int) Math.ceil(width / 32.0) * 16;
        // c_size = c_stride * height/2
        int c_size = c_stride * height / 2;
        // size = y_size + c_size * 2
        return y_size + c_size * 2;
    }

}

使用:

byte[] tmp = rtspPacketDecode.rtp2h264(out,len);


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