实操:华为设备配置vrrp漂移网关虚拟路由和浮动路由

前言
vrrp 漂移网关地址,根据优先级来

vrrp 可以用在思科,还可用在华为

思科的PVST+就是双组双备————HSRP


在这里插入图片描述

一:先进行配置

1.1 左边的三层交换机LSW1

The device is running!
<Huawei>system-view 
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]un in en
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname lsw1
[lsw1]vlan bat 10 20 100
Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment...done.
[lsw1]int g 0/0/2
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]p l t
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]p t a v 10 20
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/2 is not shutdown.
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]int vlanif 100
[lsw1-Vlanif100]q
[lsw1]int g 0/0/1
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p l a
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p d v 100
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.	
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int vlanif 100
[lsw1-Vlanif100]ip add 11.0.0.2 30
[lsw1-Vlanif100]un sh
Info: Interface Vlanif100 is not shutdown.
[lsw1-Vlanif100]int vlanif 10
[lsw1-Vlanif10]ip add 192.168.10.10 24
[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp ?
  advertise  VRRP advertise message
  un-check   Uncheck VRRP packet TTL value
  vrid       Specify virtual router identifier

[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid ?
  INTEGER<1-255>  Virtual router identifier

[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 ?
  authentication-mode  Specify password and authentication mode
  preempt-mode         Specify preempt mode
  priority             Specify priority
  timer                Specify timer
  track                Specify the track configuration
  version-3            Specify the device to support V3 for VRRP
  virtual-ip           Specify virtual IP address

[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 virtual-ip 192.168.10.1 	 //需要先设置虚拟ip地址,才可启用
[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 priority 120
[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 track interface g 0/0/1
[lsw1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 track interface g 0/0/2
[lsw1-Vlanif10]int vlanif 20
[lsw1-Vlanif20]ip add 192.168.20.10 24
[lsw1-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 virtual-ip 192.168.20.1
[lsw1-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 priority 115
[lsw1-Vlanif20]q
[lsw1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0 11.0.0.1

1.2 右边的三层交换机 lsw2

The device is running!
<Huawei>system-view 
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]un in en
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname LSW2
[LSW2]vlan bat 10 20 100
Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment...done.
[LSW2]int g 0/0/2
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]p l t
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2] p t a v 10 20
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/2 is not shutdown.
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]int g 0/0/1
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p l a 
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p d v 100
[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int vlanif 100
[LSW2-Vlanif100]ip add 12.0.0.2 30
[LSW2-Vlanif100]int vlanif 10
[LSW2-Vlanif10]ip add 192.168.10.20 24	
[LSW2-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 virtual-ip 192.168.10.1
[LSW2-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 1 priority 115
[LSW2-Vlanif10]int vlanif 20
[LSW2-Vlanif20]ip add 192.168.20.20 24
[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 virtual-ip 192.168.20.1
[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 priority 120	
[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 ?
  authentication-mode  Specify password and authentication mode
  preempt-mode         Specify preempt mode
  priority             Specify priority
  timer                Specify timer
  track                Specify the track configuration
  version-3            Specify the device to support V3 for VRRP
  virtual-ip           Specify virtual IP address
	
[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 track interface g 0/0/1
[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 2 track interface g 0/0/2
[LSW2-Vlanif20]q
[LSW2]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0 12.0.0.1

1.3 二层交换机lsw3

The device is running!
<Huawei>system-view 
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]un in en
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname lsw3
[lsw3]vlan batch 10 20
Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment...done.
[lsw3]int e 0/0/1
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/1]p l a
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/1]p d v 10
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/1]un sh
Info: Interface Ethernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/1]int e 0/0/2
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/2]p l a
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/2]p d v 20
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/2]un sh
Info: Interface Ethernet0/0/2 is not shutdown.
[lsw3-Ethernet0/0/2]int g 0/0/1
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p l t
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]p t a v 10 20
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int g 0/0/2
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]p l t
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]p t a v 10 20
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/2 is not shutdown.
[lsw3-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]dis vlan
The total number of vlans is : 3
VID  Type    Ports                                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1    common  UT:Eth0/0/3(D)     Eth0/0/4(D)     Eth0/0/5(D)     Eth0/0/6(D)     
                Eth0/0/7(D)     Eth0/0/8(D)     Eth0/0/9(D)     Eth0/0/10(D)    
                Eth0/0/11(D)    Eth0/0/12(D)    Eth0/0/13(D)    Eth0/0/14(D)    
                Eth0/0/15(D)    Eth0/0/16(D)    Eth0/0/17(D)    Eth0/0/18(D)    
                Eth0/0/19(D)    Eth0/0/20(D)    Eth0/0/21(D)    Eth0/0/22(D)    
                GE0/0/1(U)      GE0/0/2(U)                                      
10   common  UT:Eth0/0/1(U)                                                     
             TG:GE0/0/1(U)      GE0/0/2(U)                                      
20   common  UT:Eth0/0/2(U)                                                     
             TG:GE0/0/1(U)      GE0/0/2(U)                                      

VID  Status  Property      MAC-LRN Statistics Description      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1    enable  default       enable  disable    VLAN 0001                         
10   enable  default       enable  disable    VLAN 0010                         
20   enable  default       enable  disable    VLAN 0020                         

1.4 AR1,为每个网段设置浮动路由

The device is running!
<Huawei>system-view 
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]un in en
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname AR1
[AR1]int g 0/0/0
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 11.0.0.1 30
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]int g 0/0/1
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 12.0.0.1 30
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
[AR1]int LoopBack 0
[AR1-LoopBack0]ip add 1.1.1.1 32
[AR1-LoopBack0]q
[AR1]ip route-static 192.168.10.0 24 11.0.0.2
[AR1]ip route-static 192.168.10.0 24 12.0.0.2 ?
  description   Add or delete description of unicast static route
  inherit-cost  Inherit the cost of the iterated route
  permanent     Specifies route permanent
  preference    Specifies route preference
  tag           Specifies route tag
  track         Specify track object
  <cr>          Please press ENTER to execute command 
[AR1]ip route-static 192.168.10.0 24 12.0.0.2 preference 70
[AR1]ip route-static 192.168.20.0 24 12.0.0.2
[AR1]ip route-static 192.168.20.0 24 11.0.0.2 preference 70

二:测试验证

2.1 给pc机设置ip地址

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

2.2 对两个上连口抓包

2.2.1 pc1(192.168.10.100)去ping1.1.1.1 ,在lsw1抓到包

在这里插入图片描述

2.2.2 pc2(192.168.20.100)去ping 1.1.1.1,在lsw2抓到数据包

在这里插入图片描述

2.2.3 查看路由表

2.2.3.1 LSW1三层交换机

[lsw1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 10       Routes : 10       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        0.0.0.0/0   Static  60   0          RD   11.0.0.1        Vlanif100
       11.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   11.0.0.2        Vlanif100
       11.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif100
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.10.10   Vlanif10
   192.168.10.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
  192.168.10.10/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
   192.168.20.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.20.10   Vlanif20
  192.168.20.10/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20

2.2.3.2 LSW2 三层交换机

[LSW2]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 10       Routes : 10       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        0.0.0.0/0   Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.1        Vlanif100
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.2        Vlanif100
       12.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif100
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.10.20   Vlanif10
  192.168.10.20/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
   192.168.20.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.20.20   Vlanif20
   192.168.20.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20
  192.168.20.20/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20

2.2.3.3 AR1 路由器

可以发现针对192.168.20.0 和192.168.10.0 网段的信息如下

192.168.10.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 11.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

[AR1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 13       Routes : 13       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        1.1.1.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
       11.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   11.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   11.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
   192.168.20.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
255.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0

2.2.3.4 查看两台三层交换的vrrp

此时

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 master
[lsw1]dis vrrp 
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.10
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:33:17 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:33:21 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:39:35 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

[LSW2]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.10
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:40:11 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:40:11 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:41:15 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

2.3 然后把lsw1的上连口g 0/0/1断掉测试

[lsw1] int g 0/0/1
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]shut	
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]shutdown 

2.3.1 pc1 去ping 1.1.1.1

发现数据包路径转移到LSW2中

在这里插入图片描述

2.3.2 pc2 去ping 1.1.1.1

不变

在这里插入图片描述

2.3.3 再次查看路由表

2.3.3.1 LSW1 三层交换

down掉的ip网段不看,别的没啥不同

[lsw1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 6        Routes : 6        

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.10.10   Vlanif10
  192.168.10.10/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
   192.168.20.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.20.10   Vlanif20
  192.168.20.10/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20

2.3.3.2 LSW2 三层交换

不变

[LSW2]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 11       Routes : 11       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        0.0.0.0/0   Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.1        Vlanif100
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.2        Vlanif100
       12.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif100
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.10.20   Vlanif10
   192.168.10.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
  192.168.10.20/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif10
   192.168.20.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.20.20   Vlanif20
   192.168.20.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20
  192.168.20.20/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       Vlanif20

2.3.3.3 AR1 路由器

之前的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 11.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

现在的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 70 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

  • 192.168.10.0 的静态路由发生改变,变成了之间设置的浮动路由
[AR1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 10       Routes : 10       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        1.1.1.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Static  70   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
   192.168.20.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
255.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0

2.3.3.4 查看vrrp

之前的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 master

现在的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 master
[lsw1]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.20
    PriorityRun : 110
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 115
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : DOWN
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:33:17 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:20:18 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:39:35 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00


[LSW2]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.20
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 115
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:40:11 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:20:18 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:41:15 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

2.4 在LSW11下连口g0/0/2开启抓包,开启LSW1的g0/0/1接口,然后再查看vrrp

2.4.1 发现在下连口的vrrp协议数据开始交互

在这里插入图片描述

2.4.1 查看vrrp

之前的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 master

现在的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 master

自动恢复正常

[lsw1]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.10
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:33:17 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:23:54 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:39:35 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

[LSW2]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Backup
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.10
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:40:11 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:23:54 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:41:15 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

2.4.2 查看AR1 的路由表

刚才的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 70 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

现在的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 11.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

也恢复原状

[AR1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 13       Routes : 13       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        1.1.1.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
       11.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   11.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   11.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
   192.168.20.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
255.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0


2.5 然后关闭LSW1下连口g 0/0/2,进行测试

[lsw1]int g 0/0/2
[lsw1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]shut

2.5.1 再次查看vrrp

刚才的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 backup
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 backup vlanif20 master

现在的vrrp

  • lsw1的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 Initialize vlanif20 Initialize
  • lsw2的vrrp为 ————vlanif10 master vlanif20 master
[lsw1]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Initialize
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 0.0.0.0
    PriorityRun : 110
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 0
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : DOWN
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:33:17 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:29:01 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Initialize
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 0.0.0.0
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 0
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:39:35 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:29:01 UTC-08:00

[LSW2]dis vrrp
  Vlanif10 | Virtual Router 1
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.10.1
    Master IP : 192.168.10.20
    PriorityRun : 115
    PriorityConfig : 115
    MasterPriority : 115
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0101
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:40:11 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 11:29:03 UTC-08:00

  Vlanif20 | Virtual Router 2
    State : Master
    Virtual IP : 192.168.20.1
    Master IP : 192.168.20.20
    PriorityRun : 120
    PriorityConfig : 120
    MasterPriority : 120
    Preempt : YES   Delay Time : 0 s
    TimerRun : 1 s
    TimerConfig : 1 s
    Auth type : NONE
    Virtual MAC : 0000-5e00-0102
    Check TTL : YES
    Config type : normal-vrrp
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/1   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Track IF : GigabitEthernet0/0/2   Priority reduced : 10
    IF state : UP
    Create time : 2019-12-18 10:41:15 UTC-08:00
    Last change time : 2019-12-18 10:41:23 UTC-08:00

2.5.2 查看AR1 路由器

之前的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 11.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

现在的路由信息

192.168.10.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 11.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/0
192.168.20.0/24 Static 60 0 RD 12.0.0.2 GigabitEthernet0/0/1

路由条目没有发生改变

[AR1]dis ip routing
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Tables: Public
         Destinations : 13       Routes : 13       

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

        1.1.1.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
       11.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   11.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       11.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
       12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
       12.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
      127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
      127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
127.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
   192.168.10.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   11.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
   192.168.20.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
255.255.255.255/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0

2.5.3 pc1 去ping 1.1.1.1

可以发现链接超时,数据包从右边LSW2(此时vrrp为master)进路由器,然后从左边LSW1出

因为AR1浮动路由并未启用,导致超时,通向192.168.10.0的路由条目的下一跳为11.0.0.2(LSW1的g0/0/1口)

在这里插入图片描述

2.5.4 pc2 去ping 1.1.1.1

不变

在这里插入图片描述

后面会再进行优化,解决这个问题

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