玩转Android---UI篇---DatePicker,TimePicker(日期和时间)

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/LoveZhangjia521/article/details/83872527

日期和时间是任何手机平台都有的功能,Android也如此。

DatePicker:用来实现日期(年月日)

TimePicker:用来实现时间(时分秒)

 

Calendar:日历是设定年度日期对象和一个整数字段之间转换的抽象基类,如,月,日,小时等。

例如

final Calendar calendar=Calendar.getInstance();
  mYear=calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR);---获取年份
  mMonth=calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH);---获取月份
  mDay=calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);---获取日
  mHour=calendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY);---获取时
  mMinute=calendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE);---获取分

等等,可以参考API文档

TimePickerDialog、DatePickerDialog是对话框形式的时间类。

 

废话不多说,实例如下:

DateTest.java文件

 

package org.loulijun.datetest;

import java.util.Calendar;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.DatePickerDialog;
import android.app.TimePickerDialog;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.DatePicker;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.TimePicker;

public class DateTest extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
	TextView textview;
	TimePicker timepicker;
	DatePicker datepicker;
	Button btn1;
	Button btn2;
	//JAVA中的Calendar类
	Calendar c;
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        /*Like other locale-sensitive classes, Calendar provides a class method, getInstance, 
        *for getting a default instance of this class for general use. 
        *Calendar's getInstance method returns a calendar whose locale is based on system settings 
        *and whose time fields have been initialized with the current date and time:
        */
        c=Calendar.getInstance();
        textview=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textview);
        btn1=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button1);
        btn2=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button2);
        
        //获取DatePicker对象
        datepicker=(DatePicker)findViewById(R.id.datepicker1);
        //将日历初始化为当前系统时间,并设置其事件监听
        datepicker.init(c.get(Calendar.YEAR),c.get(Calendar.MONTH),c.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH),
        		new DatePicker.OnDateChangedListener() {
					
					@Override
					public void onDateChanged(DatePicker view, int year, int monthOfYear,
							int dayOfMonth) {
						// TODO Auto-generated method stub
						//当前日期更改时,在这里设置
						c.set(year,monthOfYear,dayOfMonth);
					}
				});
        //获取TimePicker对象
        timepicker=(TimePicker)findViewById(R.id.timepicker1);
        //设置为24小时制显示时间
        timepicker.setIs24HourView(true);
        //监听时间改变
        timepicker.setOnTimeChangedListener(new TimePicker.OnTimeChangedListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onTimeChanged(TimePicker view, int hourOfDay, int minute) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				//时间改变处理
				//c.set(year,month,hourOfDay,minute,second);
			}
		});
        
        btn1.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener()
        {
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				new DatePickerDialog(DateTest.this,
						new DatePickerDialog.OnDateSetListener() {
							
							@Override
							public void onDateSet(DatePicker view, int year, int monthOfYear,
									int dayOfMonth) {
									//设置日历	
							}
						},c.get(Calendar.YEAR),c.get(Calendar.MONTH),c.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)).show();
			}
        });
        
        btn2.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener()
        {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				new TimePickerDialog(DateTest.this,
						new TimePickerDialog.OnTimeSetListener() {
							
							@Override
							public void onTimeSet(TimePicker view, int hourOfDay, int minute) {
								// TODO Auto-generated method stub
								//设置时间
							}
						},c.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY),c.get(Calendar.MINUTE),true).show();
			}
        	
        });
    }
}

 main.xml文件

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    >
<TextView  
	android:id="@+id/textview"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
    android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
    android:text="时间控件使用"
    />
<DatePicker
	android:id="@+id/datepicker1"
	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
/>
<TimePicker
	android:id="@+id/timepicker1"
	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
/>
<Button
	android:id="@+id/button1"
	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	android:text="设置日期"
	android:layout_gravity="center"
/>
<Button
	android:id="@+id/button2"
	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	android:text="设置时间"
	android:layout_gravity="center"
/>
</LinearLayout>

 运行结果如下:


当点击“设置日期”按钮后,就会显示如下对话框样式的DatePickerDialog


当点击“设置时间”按钮后,就会弹出如下对话框样式的TimePickerDialog
 

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