# 白话经典算法系列之五 归并排序的实现

归并排序是建立在归并操作上的一种有效的排序算法。该算法是采用分治法（Divide and Conquer）的一个非常典型的应用。

//将有序数组a[]和b[]合并到c[]中
void MemeryArray(int a[], int n, int b[], int m, int c[])
{
int i, j, k;

i = j = k = 0;
while (i < n && j < m)
{
if (a[i] < b[j])
c[k++] = a[i++];
else
c[k++] = b[j++];
}

while (i < n)
c[k++] = a[i++];

while (j < m)
c[k++] = b[j++];
}

//将有二个有序数列a[first...mid]和a[mid...last]合并。
void mergearray(int a[], int first, int mid, int last, int temp[])
{
int i = first, j = mid + 1;
int m = mid,   n = last;
int k = 0;

while (i <= m && j <= n)
{
if (a[i] <= a[j])
temp[k++] = a[i++];
else
temp[k++] = a[j++];
}

while (i <= m)
temp[k++] = a[i++];

while (j <= n)
temp[k++] = a[j++];

for (i = 0; i < k; i++)
a[first + i] = temp[i];
}
void mergesort(int a[], int first, int last, int temp[])
{
if (first < last)
{
int mid = (first + last) / 2;
mergesort(a, first, mid, temp);    //左边有序
mergesort(a, mid + 1, last, temp); //右边有序
mergearray(a, first, mid, last, temp); //再将二个有序数列合并
}
}

bool MergeSort(int a[], int n)
{
int *p = new int[n];
if (p == NULL)
return false;
mergesort(a, 0, n - 1, p);
delete[] p;
return true;
}