Kubernetes实验 控制器

控制器

控制器用来管理Pod

使用StatefulSet控制器部署有状态应用

RS(ReplicaSet)

apiVersion: apps/v1
# 定义一个ReplicaSet控制器
kind: ReplicaSet
metadata:
  name: frontend
# kubectl explain rs.spec
spec:
  # 开启3个Pod实例
  replicas: 3
  # 选择器
  selector:
    # 使用标签选择
    matchLabels:
      # 当Pod有如下标签时,则认为该Pod属于本控制器
      tier: frontend
  
  # 定义Pod的模板
  # kubectl explain rs.spec.template
  template:
    metadata:
      # 定义Pod的标签
      labels:
        # 标签如下
        tier: frontend
    spec:
      containers: 
      - name: php-redis
        image: gcr.io/google_samples/gb-frontend:v3
        # 设置该容器内部环境变量
        env: 
          # 设置GET_HOSTS_FROM环境变量
        - name: GET_HOSTS_FROM
          # GET_HOSTS_FROM环境变量的值为dns
          value: dns
        # 设置容器要暴露的端口
        ports:
          # 要在pod的IP地址上暴露80端口
        - containerPort: 80
        

Deployment

RS控制器的增强版

Deployment通过RS来管理Pod

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  # deployment名字
  name: nginx-deployment
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  # 定义Pod的模板
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: nginx:1.8
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
kubectl get deployment,rs,pod -o wide
# NAME                               READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE     CONTAINERS   IMAGES      SELECTOR
# deployment.apps/nginx-deployment   3/3     3            3           3m55s   nginx        nginx:1.8   app=nginx

# NAME                                          DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE     CONTAINERS   IMAGES      SELECTOR
# replicaset.apps/nginx-deployment-64c9d67564   3         3         3       3m55s   nginx        nginx:1.8   app=nginx,pod-template-hash=64c9d67564

# NAME                                    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE     IP            NODE         NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
# pod/nginx-deployment-64c9d67564-6drrs   1/1     Running   0          3m55s   172.19.2.18   k8s-node02   <none>           <none>
# pod/nginx-deployment-64c9d67564-6vn9t   1/1     Running   0          3m55s   172.19.1.29   k8s-node01   <none>           <none>
# pod/nginx-deployment-64c9d67564-qc4vt   1/1     Running   0          3m55s   172.19.2.17   k8s-node02   <none>           <none>

DaemonSet

每个Node上都只运行一个Pod实例

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: app-daemonset
  labels:
    app: daemonset
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: app-daemonset
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        name: app-daemonset
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: container-daemonset
        image: busybox
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        command: ["ping", "www.baidu.com"]
kubectl get daemonset,pod -o wide
# NAME                           DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   NODE SELECTOR   AGE   CONTAINERS            IMAGES    SELECTOR
# daemonset.apps/app-daemonset   2         2         2       2            2           <none>          31s   container-daemonset   busybox   name=app-daemonset

# NAME                      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP            NODE         NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
# pod/app-daemonset-g8msw   1/1     Running   0          31s   172.19.1.30   k8s-node01   <none>           <none>
# pod/app-daemonset-p84rk   1/1     Running   0          31s   172.19.2.19   k8s-node02   <none>           <none>

Job

# kubectl explain job.apiVersion
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
  name: app-job
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      name: container-job
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: job
        image: busybox
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        command: ["/bin/sh", "-c", "echo run a job"]
      # One of Always, OnFailure, Never. Default to Always.
      restartPolicy: Never
kubectl get job,pod -o wide 
# NAME                COMPLETIONS   DURATION   AGE     CONTAINERS   IMAGES    SELECTOR
# job.batch/app-job   1/1           2s         2m59s   job          busybox   controller-uid=5e6f33cd-7146-454f-97a8-3bd971659a56

# NAME                READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE     IP            NODE         NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
# pod/app-job-d2jjc   0/1     Completed   0          2m59s   172.19.1.32   k8s-node01   <none>           <none>

kubectl logs app-job-d2jjc
# run a job

CronJob

管理基于时间的Job

  • 在给定时间点只运行一次
  • 周期性地在给定时间点运行
# kubectl explain cronjob.apiVersion
apiVersion: batch/v1beta1
kind: CronJob
metadata:
  name: app-cronjob
spec:
  # schedule必须字段,指定运行时间
  schedule: "*/1 * * * *"
  # jobTemplate必须字段
  jobTemplate:
    spec:
      template:
        spec:
          containers:
          - name: cronjob
            image: busybox
            imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
            command: ["/bin/sh", "-c", "date"]
          restartPolicy: OnFailure
kubectl get cronjob,job,pod
# NAME                        SCHEDULE      SUSPEND   ACTIVE   LAST SCHEDULE   AGE
# cronjob.batch/app-cronjob   */1 * * * *   False     1        2s              76s

# NAME                               COMPLETIONS   DURATION   AGE
# job.batch/app-cronjob-1606665060   1/1           2s         53s
# job.batch/app-cronjob-1606665120   1/1           1s         2s

# NAME                               READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
# pod/app-cronjob-1606665060-m7xcz   0/1     Completed   0          53s
# pod/app-cronjob-1606665120-wbndr   0/1     Completed   0          2s

kubectl logs app-cronjob-1606665060-m7xcz
# Sun Nov 29 15:51:09 UTC 2020

kubectl logs app-cronjob-1606665120-wbndr
# Sun Nov 29 15:51:59 UTC 2020

StatefulSet

部署有状态应用

无头service:ClusterIP:none

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx
  labels:
    app: nginx
spec:
  ports: 
  - port: 60000
    name: web
  clusterIP: None
  selector:
    app: nginx
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: nginx-statefulset
spec:
  serviceName: nginx
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: nginx:1.19-alpine
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
kubectl get pod,statefulset,svc -o wide
# NAME                      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP            NODE         NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
# pod/nginx-statefulset-0   1/1     Running   0          20s   172.19.1.85   k8s-node01   <none>           <none>
# pod/nginx-statefulset-1   1/1     Running   0          18s   172.19.2.45   k8s-node02   <none>           <none>
# pod/nginx-statefulset-2   1/1     Running   0          17s   172.19.1.86   k8s-node01   <none>           <none>

# NAME                                 READY   AGE   CONTAINERS   IMAGES
# statefulset.apps/nginx-statefulset   3/3     20s   nginx        nginx:1.19-alpine

# NAME                 TYPE        CLUSTER-IP   EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)     AGE    SELECTOR
# service/kubernetes   ClusterIP   172.18.0.1   <none>        443/TCP     3d6h   <none>
# service/nginx        ClusterIP   None         <none>        60000/TCP   20s    app=nginx

每个Pod都会有唯一的主机名,唯一域名:
格式:主机名称.service名称.名称空间.svc.cluster.local
例如:nginx-statefulset-0.nginx.default.svc.cluster.local

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