HDU 1023卡特兰数 模板题

卡特兰数相关知识:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8D%A1%E5%A1%94%E5%85%B0%E6%95%B0
或:http://blog.csdn.net/nishadiaoma/article/details/52242998
Problem Description

As we all know the Train Problem I, the boss of the Ignatius Train Station want to know if all the trains come in strict-increasing order, how many orders that all the trains can get out of the railway.

Input

The input contains several test cases. Each test cases consists of a number N(1<=N<=100). The input is terminated by the end of file.

Output

For each test case, you should output how many ways that all the trains can get out of the railway.

Sample Input

1
2
3
10

Sample Output

1
2
5
16796

Hint

The result will be very large, so you may not process it by 32-bit integers.

//h( n ) = ( ( 4*n-2 )/( n+1 )*h( n-1 ) );


#include<stdio.h>

//*******************************
//打表卡特兰数
//第 n个 卡特兰数存在a[n]中,a[n][0]表示长度;
//注意数是倒着存的,个位是 a[n][1] 输出时注意倒过来。
//*********************************
int a[105][100];
void ktl()
{
    int i,j,yu,len;
    a[2][0]=1;
    a[2][1]=2;
    a[1][0]=1;
    a[1][1]=1;
    len=1;
    for(i=3;i<101;i++)
    {
        yu=0;
        for(j=1;j<=len;j++)
        {
            int t=(a[i-1][j])*(4*i-2)+yu;
            yu=t/10;
            a[i][j]=t%10;
        }
        while(yu)
        {
            a[i][++len]=yu%10;
            yu/=10;
        }
        for(j=len;j>=1;j--)
        {
            int t=a[i][j]+yu*10;
            a[i][j]=t/(i+1);
            yu = t%(i+1);
        }
        while(!a[i][len])
        {
            len--;
        }
        a[i][0]=len;
    }

}
int main()
{
    ktl();
    int n;
    while(scanf("%d",&n)!=EOF)
    {
        for(int i=a[n][0];i>0;i--)
        {
            printf("%d",a[n][i]);
        }
        puts("");
    }
    return 0;
}

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