# 3D dungeon（BFS)

Is an escape possible? If yes, how long will it take?

The input consists of a number of dungeons. Each dungeon description starts with a line containing three integers L, R and C (all limited to 30 in size).
L is the number of levels making up the dungeon.
R and C are the number of rows and columns making up the plan of each level.
Then there will follow L blocks of R lines each containing C characters. Each character describes one cell of the dungeon. A cell full of rock is indicated by a '#' and empty cells are represented by a '.'. Your starting position is indicated by 'S' and the exit by the letter 'E'. There's a single blank line after each level. Input is terminated by three zeroes for L, R and C.

Each maze generates one line of output. If it is possible to reach the exit, print a line of the form
Escaped in x minute(s).

where x is replaced by the shortest time it takes to escape.
If it is not possible to escape, print the line
Trapped!

 

3 4 5 S.... .###. .##.. ###.# ##### ##### ##.## ##... ##### ##### #.### ####E 1 3 3 S## #E# ### 0 0 0

 

Escaped in 11 minute(s). Trapped!

#include<stdio.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<queue>
#include<string.h>
using namespace std;
char a[100][100][100];
int vis[100][100][1000];//访问数组，判断是否访问过
int k,n,m,i,j,h;
int f[6][3]={{0,1,0},{0,0,1},{0,-1,0},{0,0,-1},{-1,0,0},{1,0,0}};//6个可走的方向
struct node
{
int x,y,z,t;
} s,em;
int bfs(int x1,int y1,int z1,int t)
{
queue<node>q;
s.x=x1;
s.y=y1;
s.z=z1;
vis[x1][y1][z1]=1;
s.t=t;
q.push(s);
while(!q.empty())
{
s=q.front();
q.pop();
for(i=0;i<6;i++)
{
em.x=s.x+f[i][0];
em.y=s.y+f[i][1];
em.z=s.z+f[i][2];
if(em.x>=0&&em.x<k&&em.y>=0&&em.y<n&&em.z>=0&&em.z<m&&vis[em.x][em.y][em.z]==0&&a[em.x][em.y][em.z]!='#')//判别下一步的条件
{
em.t=s.t+1;
if(a[em.x][em.y][em.z]=='E')
{
return em.t;
}
vis[em.x][em.y][em.z]=1;//标记已走过改点
q.push(em);
}
}
}
return -1;
}
int main()
{
while(scanf("%d%d%d",&k,&n,&m)!=EOF)
{
if(k==0&&n==0&&m==0)
{
break;
}
memset(vis,0,sizeof(vis));
int x1,y1,z1;
for(i=0;i<k;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<n;j++)
{
for(h=0;h<m;h++)
{
cin>>a[i][j][h];//注意：如果用scanf输入需要用getchar吸收回车
if(a[i][j][h]=='S')
{
x1=i;
y1=j;
z1=h;
}
}
}
}
int fag;
fag=bfs(x1,y1,z1,0);
if(fag==-1)
{
printf("Trapped!\n");

}
else
{
printf("Escaped in %d minute(s).\n",fag);
}
}
return 0;
}

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