html前台提交form数据不跳转,并且获取返回信息

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>

	<form id="themeForm" action="test.php"  method="post"  target="submitFrame" enctype="multipart/form-data" >
		<span class="file_parent">
		<!--去掉[] 单个上传 -->
		<input type="file" class="file" name="upload[]"  id="upload" multiple="multiple" /><br>
		</span>
		<input type="submit" value="上传">
		<input type="hidden" id="productid" name="productid" value="12345" /></br>
		<input type="hidden" id="str" name="str" value="你好啊" /></br>
	</form>
<!-- 将跳转页面转到看不见的iframe里面 并能取到相应返回数据 -->
<iframe  id="submitFrame" style="display: none;width:0; height:0" name="submitFrame"  src="about:blank"></iframe>
</body>
<script type="text/javascript" src="./js/jquery-2.1.0.js" ></script>
<script src="./js/jquery.form.js"></script>
<script>

 $("#themeForm").ajaxForm(function(re){
		console.log(re);
		alert("上传成功!");
});

</script>
</html>

我用的php作为事例接收
test.php

<?php
	//这里直接显示所有接收的文件对象和input字符串内容
	var_dump($_FILES);
	var_dump($_REQUEST);

	//下边是返回json格式的数据给自己留个备注而已,只需要index.html页面能获取到该页面的信息就够了
	// $arrays['info']=1;
	// echo (json_encode($arrays,JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE));
	// exit;
?>

jquery.form.js
官网也有 http://malsup.com/jquery/form/#download

/*!
 * jQuery Form Plugin
 * version: 3.51.0-2014.06.20
 * Requires jQuery v1.5 or later
 * Copyright (c) 2014 M. Alsup
 * Examples and documentation at: http://malsup.com/jquery/form/
 * Project repository: https://github.com/malsup/form
 * Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses.
 * https://github.com/malsup/form#copyright-and-license
 */
/*global ActiveXObject */

// AMD support
(function (factory) {
    "use strict";
    if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
        // using AMD; register as anon module
        define(['jquery'], factory);
    } else {
        // no AMD; invoke directly
        factory( (typeof(jQuery) != 'undefined') ? jQuery : window.Zepto );
    }
}

(function($) {
"use strict";

/*
    Usage Note:
    -----------
    Do not use both ajaxSubmit and ajaxForm on the same form.  These
    functions are mutually exclusive.  Use ajaxSubmit if you want
    to bind your own submit handler to the form.  For example,

    $(document).ready(function() {
        $('#myForm').on('submit', function(e) {
            e.preventDefault(); // <-- important
            $(this).ajaxSubmit({
                target: '#output'
            });
        });
    });

    Use ajaxForm when you want the plugin to manage all the event binding
    for you.  For example,

    $(document).ready(function() {
        $('#myForm').ajaxForm({
            target: '#output'
        });
    });

    You can also use ajaxForm with delegation (requires jQuery v1.7+), so the
    form does not have to exist when you invoke ajaxForm:

    $('#myForm').ajaxForm({
        delegation: true,
        target: '#output'
    });

    When using ajaxForm, the ajaxSubmit function will be invoked for you
    at the appropriate time.
*/

/**
 * Feature detection
 */
var feature = {};
feature.fileapi = $("<input type='file'/>").get(0).files !== undefined;
feature.formdata = window.FormData !== undefined;

var hasProp = !!$.fn.prop;

// attr2 uses prop when it can but checks the return type for
// an expected string.  this accounts for the case where a form 
// contains inputs with names like "action" or "method"; in those
// cases "prop" returns the element
$.fn.attr2 = function() {
    if ( ! hasProp ) {
        return this.attr.apply(this, arguments);
    }
    var val = this.prop.apply(this, arguments);
    if ( ( val && val.jquery ) || typeof val === 'string' ) {
        return val;
    }
    return this.attr.apply(this, arguments);
};

/**
 * ajaxSubmit() provides a mechanism for immediately submitting
 * an HTML form using AJAX.
 */
$.fn.ajaxSubmit = function(options) {
    /*jshint scripturl:true */

    // fast fail if nothing selected (http://dev.jquery.com/ticket/2752)
    if (!this.length) {
        log('ajaxSubmit: skipping submit process - no element selected');
        return this;
    }

    var method, action, url, $form = this;

    if (typeof options == 'function') {
        options = { success: options };
    }
    else if ( options === undefined ) {
        options = {};
    }

    method = options.type || this.attr2('method');
    action = options.url  || this.attr2('action');

    url = (typeof action === 'string') ? $.trim(action) : '';
    url = url || window.location.href || '';
    if (url) {
        // clean url (don't include hash vaue)
        url = (url.match(/^([^#]+)/)||[])[1];
    }

    options = $.extend(true, {
        url:  url,
        success: $.ajaxSettings.success,
        type: method || $.ajaxSettings.type,
        iframeSrc: /^https/i.test(window.location.href || '') ? 'javascript:false' : 'about:blank'
    }, options);

    // hook for manipulating the form data before it is extracted;
    // convenient for use with rich editors like tinyMCE or FCKEditor
    var veto = {};
    this.trigger('form-pre-serialize', [this, options, veto]);
    if (veto.veto) {
        log('ajaxSubmit: submit vetoed via form-pre-serialize trigger');
        return this;
    }

    // provide opportunity to alter form data before it is serialized
    if (options.beforeSerialize && options.beforeSerialize(this, options) === false) {
        log('ajaxSubmit: submit aborted via beforeSerialize callback');
        return this;
    }

    var traditional = options.traditional;
    if ( traditional === undefined ) {
        traditional = $.ajaxSettings.traditional;
    }

    var elements = [];
    var qx, a = this.formToArray(options.semantic, elements);
    if (options.data) {
        options.extraData = options.data;
        qx = $.param(options.data, traditional);
    }

    // give pre-submit callback an opportunity to abort the submit
    if (options.beforeSubmit && options.beforeSubmit(a, this, options) === false) {
        log('ajaxSubmit: submit aborted via beforeSubmit callback');
        return this;
    }

    // fire vetoable 'validate' event
    this.trigger('form-submit-validate', [a, this, options, veto]);
    if (veto.veto) {
        log('ajaxSubmit: submit vetoed via form-submit-validate trigger');
        return this;
    }

    var q = $.param(a, traditional);
    if (qx) {
        q = ( q ? (q + '&' + qx) : qx );
    }
    if (options.type.toUpperCase() == 'GET') {
        options.url += (options.url.indexOf('?') >= 0 ? '&' : '?') + q;
        options.data = null;  // data is null for 'get'
    }
    else {
        options.data = q; // data is the query string for 'post'
    }

    var callbacks = [];
    if (options.resetForm) {
        callbacks.push(function() { $form.resetForm(); });
    }
    if (options.clearForm) {
        callbacks.push(function() { $form.clearForm(options.includeHidden); });
    }

    // perform a load on the target only if dataType is not provided
    if (!options.dataType && options.target) {
        var oldSuccess = options.success || function(){};
        callbacks.push(function(data) {
            var fn = options.replaceTarget ? 'replaceWith' : 'html';
            $(options.target)[fn](data).each(oldSuccess, arguments);
        });
    }
    else if (options.success) {
        callbacks.push(options.success);
    }

    options.success = function(data, status, xhr) { // jQuery 1.4+ passes xhr as 3rd arg
        var context = options.context || this ;    // jQuery 1.4+ supports scope context
        for (var i=0, max=callbacks.length; i < max; i++) {
            callbacks[i].apply(context, [data, status, xhr || $form, $form]);
        }
    };

    if (options.error) {
        var oldError = options.error;
        options.error = function(xhr, status, error) {
            var context = options.context || this;
            oldError.apply(context, [xhr, status, error, $form]);
        };
    }

     if (options.complete) {
        var oldComplete = options.complete;
        options.complete = function(xhr, status) {
            var context = options.context || this;
            oldComplete.apply(context, [xhr, status, $form]);
        };
    }

    // are there files to upload?

    // [value] (issue #113), also see comment:
    // https://github.com/malsup/form/commit/588306aedba1de01388032d5f42a60159eea9228#commitcomment-2180219
    var fileInputs = $('input[type=file]:enabled', this).filter(function() { return $(this).val() !== ''; });

    var hasFileInputs = fileInputs.length > 0;
    var mp = 'multipart/form-data';
    var multipart = ($form.attr('enctype') == mp || $form.attr('encoding') == mp);

    var fileAPI = feature.fileapi && feature.formdata;
    log("fileAPI
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爬虫(Web Crawler)是一种自动化程序,用于从互联网上收集信息。其主要功能是访问网页、提取数据并存储,以便后续分析或展示。爬虫通常由搜索引擎、数据挖掘工具、监测系统等应用于网络数据抓取的场景。 爬虫的工作流程包括以下几个关键步骤: URL收集: 爬虫从一个或多个初始URL开始,递归或迭代地发现新的URL,构建一个URL队列。这些URL可以通过链接分析、站点地图、搜索引擎等方式获取。 请求网页: 爬虫使用HTTP或其他协议向目标URL发起请求,获取网页的HTML内容。这通常通过HTTP请求库实现,如Python中的Requests库。 解析内容: 爬虫对获取HTML进行解析,提取有用的信息。常用的解析工具有正则表达式、XPath、Beautiful Soup等。这些工具帮助爬虫定位和提取目标数据,如文本、图片、链接等。 数据存储: 爬虫将提取的数据存储到数据库、文件或其他存储介质中,以备后续分析或展示。常用的存储形式包括关系型数据库、NoSQL数据库、JSON文件等。 遵守规则: 为避免对网站造成过大负担或触发反爬虫机制,爬虫需要遵守网站的robots.txt协议,限制访问频率和深度,并模拟人类访问行为,如设置User-Agent。 反爬虫应对: 由于爬虫的存在,一些网站采取了反爬虫措施,如验证码、IP封锁等。爬虫工程师需要设计相应的策略来应对这些挑战。 爬虫在各个领域都有广泛的应用,包括搜索引擎索引、数据挖掘、价格监测、新闻聚合等。然而,使用爬虫需要遵守法律和伦理规范,尊重网站的使用政策,并确保对被访问网站的服务器负责。

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