c#——Winform DatagridView上显示下拉树

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Winform的DatagridView是不支持下拉树的,所以需要扩展

废话不多说,直接贴代码

首先需要对comBox扩展,下拉内容变成TreeView

using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
namespace WindowsApplication23
{
    public class ComboBoxTreeView : ComboBox
    {
        private const int WM_LBUTTONDOWN = 0x201, WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK = 0x203;
        ToolStripControlHost treeViewHost;
        ToolStripDropDown dropDown;
        public ComboBoxTreeView()
        {
            TreeView treeView = new TreeView();
            treeView.AfterSelect += new TreeViewEventHandler(treeView_AfterSelect);
            treeView.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.None;

            treeViewHost = new ToolStripControlHost(treeView);
            dropDown = new ToolStripDropDown();
            dropDown.Width = this.Width;
            dropDown.Items.Add(treeViewHost);
        }
        public void treeView_AfterSelect(object sender, TreeViewEventArgs e)
        {
            this.Text = TreeView.SelectedNode.Text;
            dropDown.Close();
        }
        public TreeView TreeView
        {
            get { return treeViewHost.Control as TreeView; }
        }
        private void ShowDropDown()
        {
            if (dropDown != null)
            {
                treeViewHost.Size = new Size(DropDownWidth - 2, DropDownHeight);
                dropDown.Show(this, 0, this.Height);
            }
        }
        protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
        {
            if (m.Msg == WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK || m.Msg == WM_LBUTTONDOWN)
            {
                ShowDropDown();
                return;
            }
            base.WndProc(ref m);
        }
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing)
            {
                if (dropDown != null)
                {
                    dropDown.Dispose();
                    dropDown = null;
                }
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }
    }

}
然后需要扩展DataGridViewTextBoxCell为DataGridViewTreeViewCell

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WindowsApplication23
{
    public class DataGridViewTreeViewCell:DataGridViewTextBoxCell
    {
        public DataGridViewTreeViewCell()
        {

        }
        public override void InitializeEditingControl(int rowIndex, object
       initialFormattedValue, DataGridViewCellStyle dataGridViewCellStyle)
        {
            base.InitializeEditingControl(rowIndex, initialFormattedValue,
                dataGridViewCellStyle);
            DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl ctl =
                DataGridView.EditingControl as DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl;
            ctl.Text = (string)this.Value;
        }

        public override Type EditType
        {
            get
            {
                return typeof(DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl);
            }
        }

        public override Type ValueType
        {
            get
            {
                return typeof(string);
            }
        }

        public override object DefaultNewRowValue
        {
            get
            {
                return "";
            }
        }
    }
}
接着扩展DataGridViewColumn 支持DataGridViewTreeViewColumn 下拉树类型

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WindowsApplication23
{
    public class DataGridViewTreeViewColumn:DataGridViewColumn
    {
        public DataGridViewTreeViewColumn():
            base(new DataGridViewTreeViewCell())
        {

        }
        public override DataGridViewCell CellTemplate
        {
            get
            {
                return base.CellTemplate;
            }
            set
            {
                if (value != null && !value.GetType().IsAssignableFrom(typeof(DataGridViewTreeViewCell)))
                {
                    throw new InvalidCastException("不是DataGridViewTreeViewCell");
                }
                base.CellTemplate = value;
            }
        }
    }
}

最后形成一个新的空间,一个DataGridViewEditingControl

using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WindowsApplication23
{
    public class DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl:ComboBoxTreeView,IDataGridViewEditingControl
    {
        protected int rowIndex;
        protected DataGridView dataGridView;
        protected bool valueChanged = false;

        public DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl()
        {

        }
        //重写基类
        protected override void OnTextChanged(System.EventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnTextChanged(e);
            NotifyDataGridViewOfValueChange();
        }
        //  当text值发生变化时,通知DataGridView
        private void NotifyDataGridViewOfValueChange()
        {
            valueChanged = true;
            dataGridView.NotifyCurrentCellDirty(true);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 在Cell被编辑的时候光标显示
        /// </summary>
        public Cursor EditingPanelCursor
        {
            get
            {
                return Cursors.IBeam;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取或设置所在的DataGridView
        /// </summary>
        public DataGridView EditingControlDataGridView
        {
            get
            {
                return dataGridView;
            }

            set
            {
                dataGridView = value;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取或设置格式化后的值
        /// </summary>
        public object EditingControlFormattedValue
        {
            set
            {
                Text = value.ToString();
                NotifyDataGridViewOfValueChange();
            }
            get
            {
                return this.Text;
            }

        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取控件的Text值
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="context">错误上下文</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public virtual object GetEditingControlFormattedValue(DataGridViewDataErrorContexts context)
        {
            return Text;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 编辑键盘
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="keyData"></param>
        /// <param name="dataGridViewWantsInputKey"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool EditingControlWantsInputKey(
       Keys key, bool dataGridViewWantsInputKey)
        {
            // Let the DateTimePicker handle the keys listed.
            switch (key & Keys.KeyCode)
            {
                case Keys.Left:
                case Keys.Up:
                case Keys.Down:
                case Keys.Right:
                case Keys.Home:
                case Keys.End:
                case Keys.PageDown:
                case Keys.PageUp:
                    return true;
                default:
                    return false;
            }
        }

        public void PrepareEditingControlForEdit(bool selectAll)
        {
        }
        public virtual bool RepositionEditingControlOnValueChange
        {
            get
            {
                return false;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 控件所在行
        /// </summary>
        public int EditingControlRowIndex
        {
            get
            {
                return this.rowIndex;
            }

            set
            {
                this.rowIndex = value;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 设置样式
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dataGridViewCellStyle"></param>
        public void ApplyCellStyleToEditingControl(DataGridViewCellStyle dataGridViewCellStyle)
        {
            this.Font = dataGridViewCellStyle.Font;
            this.ForeColor = dataGridViewCellStyle.ForeColor;
            this.BackColor = dataGridViewCellStyle.BackColor;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 是否值发生了变化
        /// </summary>
        public bool EditingControlValueChanged
        {
            get
            {
                return valueChanged;
            }

            set
            {
                this.valueChanged = value;
            }
        }
    }
}



以上四步就得到了扩展的基础类,要想使用,必须引用这些类,这样在DataGridView的属性栏的columnType中就会将扩展的DataGridViewTreeViewColumn类型包含进来。

然后在对DataGridView的初始化操作,就可以添加该类型了


接下来是测试一下

需要初始化

   private void dgrdViewDataType_EditingControlShowing(object sender, DataGridViewEditingControlShowingEventArgs e)
        {
            var dgvTree = e.Control as DataGridViewTreeViewEditingControl;
            if (dgvTree != null)
            {
                var root = new TreeNode("评价", 0, 0);
                root.Nodes.Add("烃源岩有机岩相带评价图");
                root.Nodes.Add("有利储存段评价表");
                root.Nodes.Add("储层综合评价图");
                root.Nodes.Add("盖层评价图");
                dgvTree.TreeView.Nodes.Clear();
                dgvTree.TreeView.Nodes.Add(root);
                dgvTree.TreeView.ExpandAll();
            }
        }

这样每次点击下拉的时候,就会读取数据赋值,并显示下拉树。



以上就达到了,在DataGridView中显示下拉树的效果,但是还需要能对下拉树查询,这个还有待扩展!



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