POJ 2231 Moo Volume , 简单公式推导

POJ 2231 Moo Volume


http://poj.org/problem?id=2231



Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K

Description

Farmer John has received a noise complaint from his neighbor, Farmer Bob, stating that his cows are making too much noise. 

FJ's N cows (1 <= N <= 10,000) all graze at various locations on a long one-dimensional pasture. The cows are very chatty animals. Every pair of cows simultaneously carries on a conversation (so every cow is simultaneously MOOing at all of the N-1 other cows). When cow i MOOs at cow j, the volume of this MOO must be equal to the distance between i and j, in order for j to be able to hear the MOO at all. Please help FJ compute the total volume of sound being generated by all N*(N-1) simultaneous MOOing sessions.

Input

* Line 1: N 

* Lines 2..N+1: The location of each cow (in the range 0..1,000,000,000).

Output

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4.

Sample Input

5
1
5
3
2
4

Sample Output

40

Hint

INPUT DETAILS: 

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4. 

OUTPUT DETAILS: 

Cow at 1 contributes 1+2+3+4=10, cow at 5 contributes 4+3+2+1=10, cow at 3 contributes 2+1+1+2=6, cow at 2 contributes 1+1+2+3=7, and cow at 4 contributes 3+2+1+1=7. The total volume is (10+10+6+7+7) = 40.




题目大意:数轴上共有N头牛,每头牛有一个坐标。每头牛都要向其他所有牛发出一个叫声,因此一共有 N*(N-1) 个叫声。每个叫声的大小等于两头牛之间坐标差的绝对值。输出所有叫声大小的和。


思路:简单公式推理。首先用sort将所有牛的坐标从小到大排。

假设第 i-1 头牛发出所有叫声和为F i-1,第i到第i-1头牛之间的距离差为d;

那么显然,第i 头牛向第i-1之前的牛发出叫声时,对每头牛都要比从i-1多出一个d,

同理,第i头牛向它之后的牛发出叫声时,对每头牛都要比从i-1少一个d;

所以,F i=F i-1  + d*(i-1-1)  -  d*(n-i) ;复杂度是O(n)。


需要注意的一点:存储需要用long long 。


代码如下


#include
#include
#include
using namespace std;
const int inf=1e4+10;

long long a[inf],f[inf];    //a数组存储每头牛的坐标,f数组存储每头牛声音的大小
int n;
long long ans=0;

int main(){
	cin>>n;
	for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)	scanf("%d",&a[i]);
	
	sort(a+1,a+n+1);
	
	for (int i=2;i<=n;i++) f[1]+=a[i]-a[1];     //将f[1]初始化
	ans=f[1];
	
	for (int i=2;i<=n;i++){
		f[i]= f[i-1] - ((n-i)*(a[i]-a[i-1])) + (i-2)*(a[i]-a[i-1]);
		ans+=f[i];
	}
	
	cout<





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