java多线程的简单实现及线程池实例

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/William_hangshao/article/details/67644335

一、多线程的两种实现方式

1、继承Thread类的多线程

/**
 * 继承Thread类的多线程简单实现
 */
public class extThread extends Thread {
     
     public void run(){
           for(int i=0;i<100;i++){
                System.out.println(getName()+"-"+i);
           }
     }
     
     public static void main(String arg[]){
           for(int i=0;i<100;i++){
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+"-"+i);
                if(i==50){
                     new extThread().start();
                     new extThread().start();
                }
           }
     }
}

2、实现Runnable接口的多线程

/**
 * 实现runable接口的多线程实例
 */
public class runThread implements Runnable {
     public void run(){
           for(int i=0;i<100;i++){
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+"-"+i);
           }
     }
     
     public static void main(String arg[]){
           for(int i=0;i<100;i++){
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+"-"+i);
                if(i==50){
                     runThread rt = new runThread();
                     new Thread(rt,"新线程1").start();
                     new Thread(rt,"新线程2").start();
                }
           }
     }
     
}
二、线程池的简单实现

//实现Runnable接口
class TestThread implements Runnable{
	
	public void run() {
		for(int i = 0;i < 100;i++){
			System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + "i的值为:" + i);
		}
	}
}

public class threadPoolTest {
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//创建一个具有固定线程数的线程池
		ExecutorService pool = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(5);
		//向线程池中提交三个线程
		pool.submit(new TestThread());
		pool.submit(new TestThread());
		pool.submit(new TestThread());
		//关闭线程池
		pool.shutdown();
	}

}
三、java爬虫使用线程池实例

/**
 * 爬虫调度线程池 
 */
public class threadPool {

	public static HashMap<String, Spiders> statusMap = new HashMap<String, Spiders>();
	// 存放爬虫,key为爬虫的id,value为爬虫的线程池
	static HashMap<Integer, ThreadPoolExecutor> threadMap = new HashMap<Integer, ThreadPoolExecutor>();
	//创建一个线程池
	static ThreadPoolExecutor threadPool = new ThreadPoolExecutor(200, 230,80000L, 
			TimeUnit.SECONDS, 
			new ArrayBlockingQueue<Runnable>(10),
			new ThreadPoolExecutor.CallerRunsPolicy());

	public static void executeThread(Spiders spider) {
		statusMap.put(String.valueOf(spider.getId()), spider);
		// 爬虫有效
		if (spider.getFlag() == 0) {
			if (spider.getStatus() == 0) {
				// 表示爬虫进入抓取状态
				ThreadPoolExecutor detailPool = null;
				if (threadMap.get(spider.getId()) == null) {
					detailPool = new ThreadPoolExecutor(30, 80, 80000L,
							TimeUnit.SECONDS, new ArrayBlockingQueue<Runnable>(
									10),
							new ThreadPoolExecutor.CallerRunsPolicy());
					threadMap.put(spider.getId(), detailPool);
					threadPool.execute(new threadRun(spider, threadMap));
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

//实现Runnable接口
class threadRun implements Runnable {

	private HashMap<Integer, ThreadPoolExecutor> threadPoolMap;
	private Spiders spider;

	public threadRun(Spiders spider,
			HashMap<Integer, ThreadPoolExecutor> threadPoolMap) {
		this.threadPoolMap = threadPoolMap;
		this.spider = spider;
	}

	//线程执行体
	public void run() {
		try {
			if ("rong360".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new RongThread(threadPoolMap.get(spider.getId()), spider)
						.startSpider();
			} else if ("xxgg_sd".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new Spider_ShanDong(threadPoolMap.get(spider
						.getId()), spider).startSpider();
			} else if ("xxgg_gz".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new Spider_GuiZhou(threadPoolMap.get(spider
						.getId()), spider).startSpider();
			} else if ("sx".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new SpiderSX(spider).startSpider();
			} else if ("baidu".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new SpiderBaiDu(spider).startSpider();
			} else if ("11315".equals(spider.getWebsite())) {
				new Spider11315ByName(spider).startSpider();
			} 
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

}


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