【学习ios之路:Objective-C】OC中常用的系统排序方法

①.OC中常用排序方法:

1).不可变数组

- (NSArray *)sortedArrayUsingSelector:(SEL)comparator;
- (NSArray *)sortedArrayUsingComparator:(NSComparator)cmptr;

2)可变数组

- (void)sortUsingSelector:(SEL)comparator;
- (void)sortUsingComparator:(NSComparator)cmptr;


3).字典排序

- (NSArray *)keysSortedByValueUsingComparator:(NSComparator)cmptr
- (NSArray *)keysSortedByValueUsingSelector:(SEL)comparator;
②应用

1).不可变数组排序:(方法1)

   NSArray *arr = @[@"aa",@"rr",@"pp",@"hh",@"xx",@"vv"];
//用系统的方法进行排序,系统缺少两个元素比较的方法.
//selector方法选择器.

NSArray *sortArr = [arr sortedArrayUsingSelector:@selector(compare:)];
NSLog(@"%@",sortArr);


   [arr sortedArrayUsingComparator:^NSComparisonResult(id obj1, id obj2) {
return [(NSString *)obj1 compare:(NSString *)obj2];
}];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);
}
2).可变数组排序:方法1

    NSMutableArray *arr = [@[@54 ,@33,@12,@23,@65] mutableCopy];
[arr sortUsingSelector:@selector(compare:)];//compare数组中两个元素比较的方法
NSLog(@"%@",arr);

   [arr sortUsingComparator:^NSComparisonResult(id obj1, id obj2) {
return [(NSNumber *)obj1 compare:(NSNumber *)obj2];
}];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);
}

③.例题:定义一个学生对象,对学生对象按照,姓名,年龄,成绩,学号进行排序,(两种排序方式)

1.对象声明(student.h中)

@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, assign) NSInteger age;
@property (nonatomic, assign) CGFloat score;
@property (nonatomic, assign) NSInteger number;

//初始化
- (id)initWithName:(NSString *)name age:(NSInteger)age score:
(CGFloat)score number:(NSInteger)number;
//便利构造器
+ (id)studentWithName:(NSString *)name age:(NSInteger)age score:
(CGFloat)score number:(NSInteger)number;

//两个学生按照年龄比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByAge:(Student *)stu;

//两个学生按照姓名比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByName:(Student *)stu;

//两个学生按照成绩比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByScore:(Student *)stu;

//两个学生按照学号比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByNumber:(Student *)stu;


2.实现(student.m文件)
 - (id)initWithName:(NSString *)name age:(NSInteger)age score:
(CGFloat)score number:(NSInteger)number {

self = [super init];
if (self != nil) {
self.name = name;
self.age = age;
self.score = score;
self.number = number;
}
return self;
}
//便利构造器
+ (id)studentWithName:(NSString *)name age:(NSInteger)age score:
(CGFloat)score number:(NSInteger)number {

Student *student = [[Student alloc] initWithName:name
age:age score:score number:number];

return student;
}

//重写description
- (NSString *)description {
return [NSString stringWithFormat:
@"name:%@,age:%ld,socre:%.1f,number:%ld",
self.name, self.age, self.score, self.number];
}

//两个学生按照年龄比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByAge:(Student *)stu {

return [@(self.age) compare:@(stu.age)];//或者下面方法
//return self.age > stu.age ? NSOrderedDescending
: self.age == stu.age ? NSOrderedSame : NSOrderedAscending;
}

//两个学生按照姓名降序的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByName:(Student *)stu {
return - [self.name compare:stu.name];
}

//两个学生按照成绩降序比较的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByScore:(Student *)stu {

return -[@(self.score) compare: (stu.score)];
//return self.score < stu.score ? NSOrderedDescending :
self.score == stu.score ? NSOrderedSame : NSOrderedAscending;

}

//两个学生按照学号升序的方法
- (NSComparisonResult)compareByNumber:(Student *)stu {

return [@(self.number) compare: (stu.number)];
//return self.number > stu.number ? NSOrderedDescending
: self.number == stu.number ? NSOrderedSame : NSOrderedAscending;
}



Student *student1 = [Student studentWithName:@"a" age:23 score:21 number:3434343];
Student *student2 = [Student studentWithName:@"b" age:45 score:432.4 number:324];
Student *student3 = [Student studentWithName:@"c" age:32 score:4321.4 number:2343];
Student *student4 = [Student studentWithName:@"d" age:7 score:43.4 number:233];
Student *student5 = [Student studentWithName:@"e" age:73 score:65 number:2332424];

NSMutableArray *arr = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
student1,student2,student3,student4,student5,nil];

//按照年龄升序排序
[arr sortUsingSelector:@selector(compareByAge:)];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);
//按照成绩降序排序
[arr sortUsingSelector:@selector(compareByScore:)];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);
//按照姓名降序排序
[arr sortUsingSelector:@selector(compareByName:)];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);
//按照学号升序排序
[arr sortUsingSelector:@selector(compareByNumber:)];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);



       //按年龄升序排序
[arr sortUsingComparator:^(id obj1,id obj2) {
return [@(((Student *)obj1).age) compare: @(((Student *)obj2).age)];
}];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);

//按成绩降序排序
[arr sortUsingComparator:^(id obj1,id obj2) {
return [@(((Student *)obj1).score) compare: @(((Student *)obj2).score)];
}];

NSLog(@"%@",arr);
//按姓名降序排序
[arr sortUsingComparator:^(id obj1,id obj2) {
return -[[(Student *)obj2 name] compare: [(Student *)obj1 name]];
}];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);

//按学号升序排序
NSComparator sortBlock = ^(id obj1,id obj2) {
return [@(((Student *)obj1).number) compare: @(((Student *)obj2).number)];
};
[arr sortUsingComparator:sortBlock];
NSLog(@"%@",arr);

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