POJ - 2348:Euclid's Game

POJ - 2348 Euclid’s Game
https://www.cnblogs.com/kuangbin/p/3204627.html 大神讲的很好

Two players, Stan and Ollie, play, starting with two natural numbers. Stan, the first player, subtracts any positive multiple of the lesser of the two numbers from the greater of the two numbers, provided that the resulting number must be nonnegative. Then Ollie, the second player, does the same with the two resulting numbers, then Stan, etc., alternately, until one player is able to subtract a multiple of the lesser number from the greater to reach 0, and thereby wins. For example, the players may start with (25,7):
25 7
11 7
4 7
4 3
1 3
1 0
an Stan wins.
Input
The input consists of a number of lines. Each line contains two positive integers giving the starting two numbers of the game. Stan always starts.
Output
For each line of input, output one line saying either Stan wins or Ollie wins assuming that both of them play perfectly. The last line of input contains two zeroes and should not be processed.
Sample Input
34 12
15 24
0 0
Sample Output
Stan wins
Ollie wins

题目给出了两个正数a.b
每次操作,大的数减掉小的数的整数倍。一个数变为0 的时候结束。
谁先先把其中一个数减为0的获胜。问谁可以赢。Stan是先手。

假设两个数为a,b(a>=b)

  1. 如果a % b == 0.那么肯定是先手获胜。一步就可以减为0,b 。
  2. 如果a >= 2*b. 那么 状态可以转化为 ( a%b,b ) 或 ( a%b+b,b ) ;这两种必定有一个是先手必胜态,即先手赢。
  3. 如果是 b < a < 2*b 那么状态只能转化为(a-b,b) .这样一直下去直到面对一个 a%b==0 || a >=2*b 的状态。

附大神代码:

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
    int a, b;
    while (scanf("%d%d", &a, &b) == 2) {
        if ( a == 0 && b == 0)
            break;
        if ( a < b)
            swap(a, b);
        int win = 0;
        while (b) {
            if ( a % b == 0 || a / b >= 2)
                break;
            a = a - b;
            swap(a, b);
            win ^= 1;
        }
        if (win == 0)
            printf("Stan wins\n");
        else
            printf("Ollie wins\n");
    }
    return 0;
}
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