从PFX文件中获取私钥、公钥证书、公钥

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/ZuoYanYouYan/article/details/77868584

该类具体功能:根据pfx证书得到私钥、根据私钥字节数组获取私钥对象、根据公钥字节数组获取公钥、根据pfx证书获取证书对象,根据私钥、公钥证书、密码生成pkcs12,根据私钥、公钥证书、密钥,合成为pfx文件,依赖工具包:commons-io

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.cert.Certificate;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.Enumeration;

/**
 * Created by ssl on 2017/9/5.
 */
public class PFXUtil {

    /**
     * 获取RSA算法的keyFactory
     *
     * @return
     */
    private static KeyFactory getKeyFactory() throws Exception {
        return getKeyFactory("RSA");
    }

    /**
     * 获取指定算法的keyFactory
     *
     * @param algorithm
     * @return
     */
    private static KeyFactory getKeyFactory(String algorithm) throws Exception {
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(algorithm);
        return keyFactory;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取keyStore
     *
     * @param pfxData
     * @param password
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private static KeyStore getKeyStore(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance("PKCS12");
        keystore.load(new ByteArrayInputStream(pfxData), password.toCharArray());
        return keystore;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书得到私钥
     *
     * @param pfxData
     * @param password
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKeyByPfx(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        PrivateKey privateKey = null;
        KeyStore keystore = getKeyStore(pfxData, password);
        Enumeration<String> enums = keystore.aliases();
        String keyAlias = "";
        while (enums.hasMoreElements()) {
            keyAlias = enums.nextElement();
            if (keystore.isKeyEntry(keyAlias)) {
                privateKey = (PrivateKey) keystore.getKey(keyAlias, password.toCharArray());
            }
        }
        return privateKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书得到私钥
     *
     * @param pfxPath
     * @param password
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKeyByPfx(String pfxPath, String password) throws Exception {
        File pfxFile = new File(pfxPath);
        return getPrivateKeyByPfx(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(pfxFile), password);
    }

    /**
     * 根据私钥字节数组获取私钥对象
     *
     * @param privateKeyByte
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKey(byte[] privateKeyByte) throws Exception {
        PrivateKey privateKey = null;
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(privateKeyByte);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = getKeyFactory();
        privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(keySpec);
        return privateKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据私钥Base64字符串获取私钥对象
     *
     * @param privateKeyStr
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKey(String privateKeyStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] privateKeyByte = Base64.decodeBase64(privateKeyStr);
        return getPrivateKey(privateKeyByte);
    }

    /**
     * 根据公钥字节数组获取公钥
     *
     * @param publicKeyByte 公钥字节数组
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PublicKey getPublicKey(byte[] publicKeyByte) throws Exception {
        PublicKey publicKey = null;
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(publicKeyByte);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = getKeyFactory();
        publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        return publicKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据公钥base64字符串获取公钥
     *
     * @param publicKeyStr Base64编码后的公钥字节数组
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PublicKey getPublicKey(String publicKeyStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] publicKeyByte = Base64.decodeBase64(publicKeyStr);
        return getPublicKey(publicKeyByte);
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取证书对象
     *
     * @param pfxData  pfx的字节数组
     * @param password pfx证书密码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static X509Certificate getX509Certificate(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        X509Certificate x509Certificate = null;
        KeyStore keystore = getKeyStore(pfxData, password);
        Enumeration<String> enums = keystore.aliases();
        String keyAlias = "";
        while (enums.hasMoreElements()) {
            keyAlias = enums.nextElement();
            if (keystore.isKeyEntry(keyAlias)) {
                x509Certificate = (X509Certificate) keystore.getCertificate(keyAlias);
            }
        }
        return x509Certificate;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取证书对象
     *
     * @param pfxPath  pfx证书路径
     * @param password pfx证书密码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static X509Certificate getX509Certificate(String pfxPath, String password) throws Exception {
        File pfxFile = new File(pfxPath);
        return getX509Certificate(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(pfxFile), password);
    }

    //生成pkcs12

    /**
     * 根据私钥、公钥证书、密码生成pkcs12
     *
     * @param privateKey      私钥
     * @param x509Certificate 公钥证书
     * @param password        需要设置的密钥
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] generatorPkcx12(PrivateKey privateKey, X509Certificate x509Certificate, String password)
            throws Exception {
        Certificate[] chain = {x509Certificate};
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance("PKCS12");
        keystore.load(null, password.toCharArray());
        keystore.setKeyEntry(x509Certificate.getSerialNumber().toString(), privateKey, password.toCharArray(), chain);
        ByteArrayOutputStream bytesos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        keystore.store(bytesos, password.toCharArray());
        byte[] bytes = bytesos.toByteArray();
        return bytes;
    }

    //合成pfx

    /**
     * 根据私钥、公钥证书、密钥,保存为pfx文件
     *
     * @param privateKey      私钥
     * @param x509Certificate 公钥证书
     * @param password        打开pfx的密钥
     * @param saveFile        保存的文件
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String generatorPFX(PrivateKey privateKey, X509Certificate x509Certificate, String password, File
            saveFile) throws Exception {
        //判断文件是否存在
        if (!saveFile.exists()) {
            //判断文件的目录是否存在
            if (!saveFile.getParentFile().exists()) {
                saveFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            }
            saveFile.createNewFile();
        }
        byte[] pkcs12Byte = generatorPkcx12(privateKey, x509Certificate, password);
        FileUtils.writeByteArrayToFile(saveFile, pkcs12Byte);
        return saveFile.getPath();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String pfxPath = "C:\\Users\\49383\\Desktop\\文件\\国新测试证书-1.pfx";
        String password = "1";
        //私钥:pfx文件中获取私钥对象
        PrivateKey privateKey = getPrivateKeyByPfx(pfxPath, password);
        byte[] privateKeyByte = privateKey.getEncoded();
        String privateKeyStr = Base64.encodeBase64String(privateKeyByte);
        System.out.println("私钥Base64字符串:" + privateKeyStr);
        //=====私钥Base64字符串转私钥对象
        PrivateKey privateKey2 = getPrivateKey(privateKeyStr);
        System.out.println("私钥Base64字符串2:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(privateKey2.getEncoded()));
        //证书:从pfx文件中获取证书对象
        X509Certificate certificate = getX509Certificate(pfxPath, password);
        System.out.println("证书主题:" + certificate.getSubjectDN().getName());
        String publicKeyStr = Base64.encodeBase64String(certificate.getPublicKey().getEncoded());
        System.out.println("公钥Base64字符串:" + publicKeyStr);
        //=====根据公钥Base64字符串获取公钥对象
        System.out.println("公钥Base64字符串2:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(getPublicKey(publicKeyStr).getEncoded()));
        //PFX:合成pfx(需要私钥、公钥证书)
        String savePath = generatorPFX(privateKey, certificate, "1", new File
                ("C:\\Users\\49383\\Desktop\\文件\\009\\009.pfx"));
        System.out.println(savePath);
    }
}
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