Android 对程序异常崩溃的捕捉 转载 + 自己修改+自己写的Demo

转载:http://blog.csdn.net/i_lovefish/article/details/17719081


我自己写的Demo:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1gfFpq8N

1.以下为异常捕捉处理代码

import java.io.BufferedReader;  
import java.io.File;  
import java.io.FileInputStream;  
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;  
import java.io.FileOutputStream;  
import java.io.IOException;  
import java.io.InputStreamReader;  
import java.io.PrintWriter;  
import java.io.StringWriter;  
import java.io.Writer;  
import java.lang.Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler;  
import java.lang.reflect.Field;  
import java.text.DateFormat;  
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;  
import java.util.Date;  
import java.util.HashMap;  
import java.util.Map;  
  
import android.content.Context;  
import android.content.pm.PackageInfo;  
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;  
import android.content.pm.PackageManager.NameNotFoundException;  
import android.os.Build;  
import android.os.Environment;  
import android.os.Looper;  
import android.util.Log;  
import android.widget.Toast;  
      
/**   
 * UncaughtException处理类,当程序发生Uncaught异常的时候,有该类来接管程序,并记录发送错误报告.  
 *  
 *  需要在Application中注册,为了要在程序启动器就监控整个程序。 
 */      
public class CrashHandler implements UncaughtExceptionHandler {      
          
    public static final String TAG = "CrashHandler";      
    
    /** 崩溃异常日志保存路径:*/
    private String path = "/storage/emulated/0/ZhaiDaiSource/crash/"; 
//    private String path = "/mnt/sdcard/crash/"; 
    private String preFileName = "ExceptionCatch_Save_Send"; 
          
    //系统默认的UncaughtException处理类       
    private Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler mDefaultHandler;      
    //CrashHandler实例      
    private static CrashHandler instance;  
   //程序的Context对象      
    private Context mContext;      
    //用来存储设备信息和异常信息      
    private Map<String, String> infos = new HashMap<String, String>();      
      
    //用于格式化日期,作为日志文件名的一部分      
    private DateFormat formatter = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd-HH-mm-ss");      
      
    /** 保证只有一个CrashHandler实例 */      
    private CrashHandler() {}      
      
    /** 获取CrashHandler实例 ,单例模式 */      
    public static CrashHandler getInstance() {      
        if(instance == null)  
            instance = new CrashHandler();     
        return instance;      
    }      
      
    /**   
     * 初始化   
     */      
    public void init(Context context) {      
        mContext = context;      
        //获取系统默认的UncaughtException处理器      
        mDefaultHandler = Thread.getDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler();      
        //设置该CrashHandler为程序的默认处理器      
        Thread.setDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler(this);      
    }      
      
    /**   
     * 当UncaughtException发生时会转入该函数来处理   
     */      
    @Override      
    public void uncaughtException(Thread thread, Throwable ex) {    
        if (!handleException(ex) && mDefaultHandler != null) {      
            //如果用户没有处理则让系统默认的异常处理器来处理      
            mDefaultHandler.uncaughtException(thread, ex);      
        } else {      
            try {      
                Thread.sleep(3000);      
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {      
                Log.e(TAG, "error : ", e);      
            }      
            //退出程序      
            android.os.Process.killProcess(android.os.Process.myPid());      
            System.exit(1); 
        }      
    }      
      
    
    /**   
     * 自定义错误处理,收集错误信息 发送错误报告等操作均在此完成.   
     *    
     * @param ex   
     * @return true:如果处理了该异常信息;否则返回false.   
     */      
    private boolean handleException(Throwable ex) {      
        if (ex == null) {      
            return false;      
        }        
        Log.e(TAG, "error : ", ex);    
        //收集设备参数信息       
        collectDeviceInfo(mContext);      
          
        //使用Toast来显示异常信息      
        new Thread() {      
            @Override      
            public void run() {      
                Looper.prepare();      
                Toast.makeText(mContext, "很抱歉,程序出现异常,即将退出.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();      
                Looper.loop();      
            }      
        }.start();      
        //保存日志文件       
        saveCatchInfo2File(ex);    
        return true;      
    }      
          
    /**   
     * 收集设备参数信息   
     * @param ctx   
     */      
    public void collectDeviceInfo(Context ctx) {      
        try {      
            PackageManager pm = ctx.getPackageManager();      
            PackageInfo pi = pm.getPackageInfo(ctx.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_ACTIVITIES);      
            if (pi != null) {
                String versionName = pi.versionName == null ? "null" : pi.versionName;      
                String versionCode = pi.versionCode + "";      
                infos.put("versionName", versionName);      
                infos.put("versionCode", versionCode);      
            }      
        } catch (NameNotFoundException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "an error occured when collect package info", e);      
        }      
        Field[] fields = Build.class.getDeclaredFields();      
        for (Field field : fields) {      
            try {      
                field.setAccessible(true);      
                infos.put(field.getName(), field.get(null).toString());      
                Log.d(TAG, field.getName() + " : " + field.get(null));      
            } catch (Exception e) {      
                Log.e(TAG, "an error occured when collect crash info", e);      
            }      
        }      
    }      
      
    /**   
     * 保存错误信息到文件中   
     *    
     * @param ex   
     * @return  返回文件名称,便于将文件传送到服务器   
     */      
    private String saveCatchInfo2File(Throwable ex) {
              
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();      
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : infos.entrySet()) {      
            String key = entry.getKey();      
            String value = entry.getValue();      
            sb.append(key + "=" + value + "\n");      
        }      
              
        Writer writer = new StringWriter();      
        PrintWriter printWriter = new PrintWriter(writer);      
        ex.printStackTrace(printWriter);      
        Throwable cause = ex.getCause();      
        while (cause != null) {      
            cause.printStackTrace(printWriter);      
            cause = cause.getCause();      
        }      
        printWriter.close();      
        String result = writer.toString();      
        sb.append(result);      
        try {      
            long timestamp = System.currentTimeMillis();      
            String time = formatter.format(new Date());      
            String fileName = preFileName + time + "-" + timestamp + ".log";    
            
          /*使用SDcard_and_InnerStore.java 类获取 路径 就不需要这个判断了*/
            if (Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)) {      
//                String path = "/mnt/sdcard/crash/";   
                File dir = new File(path);      
                if (!dir.exists()) {      
                    dir.mkdirs();      
                }      
                FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(path + fileName);      
                fos.write(sb.toString().getBytes());    
                //发送给开发人员  
                sendCrashLog2PM(path+fileName);  
                fos.close();      
            }      
            return fileName;      
        } catch (Exception e) {      
            Log.e(TAG, "an error occured while writing file...", e);      
        }      
        return null;      
    }      
      
    /** 
     * 将捕获的导致崩溃的错误信息发送给开发人员 
     *  
     * 目前只将log日志保存在sdcard 和输出到LogCat中,并未发送给后台。 
     */  
    private void sendCrashLog2PM(String fileName){  
        if(!new File(fileName).exists()){  
            Toast.makeText(mContext, "日志文件不存在!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();  
            return;  
        }  
        FileInputStream fis = null;  
        BufferedReader reader = null;  
        String s = null;  
        try {  
            fis = new FileInputStream(fileName);  
            reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(fis, "GBK"));  
            while(true){  
                s = reader.readLine();  
                if(s == null) break;  
                //由于目前尚未确定以何种方式发送,所以先打出log日志。  
                Log.i("info", s.toString());  
            }  
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        } catch (IOException e) {  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        }finally{   // 关闭流  
            try {  
                reader.close();  
                fis.close();  
            } catch (IOException e) {  
                e.printStackTrace();  
            }  
        }  
    }  
} 

2.BaseApplication

import android.app.Application;
import android.content.Context;

public class CatchExceptionApplication extends Application {

	@Override
	public void onCreate() {
		super.onCreate();
		CrashHandler catchHandler = CrashHandler.getInstance();
		catchHandler.init(getApplicationContext());
	}
}

3. 清单文件添加application和权限

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.exceptioncatch_save_send"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="14"
        android:targetSdkVersion="22" />

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" 
        android:name="com.example.exceptioncatch_save_send.base.CatchExceptionApplication">
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

======================================================

4.代码校验:

import java.io.File;

import com.example.exceptioncatch_save_send.utils.SDCard_and_InnerStore;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

	  private String s;  
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		
		String sdorInner=SDCard_and_InnerStore.getSDorInStore(this) + File.separator +"ZhaiDaiSource" + File.separator + "head.jpg";
		
		System.out.println("sdorInner = "+sdorInner);
		
		System.out.println(s.equals("hello")); 
		
	}
}





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