c# 存取结构体二进制文件

c# 存取结构体 二进制文件(转载) 

from http://www.cnblogs.com/baishahe/archive/2010/03/18/1688995.html

using
System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;

namespace StructTest
{
   
public partial class Form1 : Form
    {

       
string filename = @"d:\poi.st";

       
#region 结构体

       
//90

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential), Serializable]
       
public struct MY_STRUCT
        {
           
public double x;          //点的经度坐标
            public double y;          //点的纬度坐标
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 40)]
           
public string Name;        //Name[40]; //名称
            public long PointID;  //点的ID号
            public long TypeCode; //客户不使用该字段
        }

       
#endregion

       
public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

       
private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            MY_STRUCT[] arr
= new MY_STRUCT[2];

            MY_STRUCT np
= new MY_STRUCT();
            np.x
= 114.123456;
            np.y
= 23.56789;
            np.Name
= "珠海市政府";
            np.PointID
= Convert.ToInt64(1234);
            np.TypeCode
= Convert.ToInt64(65);

            arr[
0] = np;

            np
= new MY_STRUCT();
            np.x
= 115.123456;
            np.y
= 24.56789;
            np.Name
= "珠海市政府2";
            np.PointID
= Convert.ToInt64(1235);
            np.TypeCode
= Convert.ToInt64(66);

            arr[
1] = np;

           
int structSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(MY_STRUCT));
           
byte[] temp = new byte[structSize * arr.Length];
           
byte[] temp1 = Struct2Byte(arr[0]);
           
byte[] temp2 = Struct2Byte(arr[1]);

            Array.Copy(temp1,
0, temp, 0, temp1.Length);
            Array.Copy(temp2,
0, temp, structSize, temp2.Length);

            WriteInfo(temp);
        }


       
public void WriteInfo(byte[] bt)
        {
           
if (File.Exists(filename))
            {
                File.Delete(filename);
               
return;
            }

            FileStream fs
= new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Create);
            BinaryWriter bw
= new BinaryWriter(fs);
            bw.Write(bt);
            bw.Flush();

            bw.Close();
            fs.Close();

            MessageBox.Show(
"保存成功!");
        }

       
public byte[] ReadInfo(string file)
        {
            FileStream fs
= new FileStream(file, FileMode.Open);
            BinaryReader br
= new BinaryReader(fs);

           
byte[] bt = br.ReadBytes(144);
            br.Close();
            fs.Close();

           
return bt;
        }

       
private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
           
byte[] bt = ReadInfo(filename);

           
int structSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(MY_STRUCT));
           
int num = bt.Length / structSize;

           
for (int i = 0; i < num; i++)
            {
               
byte[] temp = new byte[structSize];
                Array.Copy(bt, i
* structSize, temp, 0, structSize);

                MY_STRUCT np
= new MY_STRUCT();
                np
= Byte2Struct(temp);
            }
        }


       
private MY_STRUCT Byte2Struct(byte[] arr)
        {
           
int structSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(MY_STRUCT));
            IntPtr ptemp
= Marshal.AllocHGlobal(structSize);
            Marshal.Copy(arr,
0, ptemp, structSize);
            MY_STRUCT rs
= (MY_STRUCT)Marshal.PtrToStructure(ptemp, typeof(MY_STRUCT));
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(ptemp);
           
return rs;
        }

       
private byte[] Struct2Byte(MY_STRUCT s)
        {
           
int structSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(MY_STRUCT));
           
byte[] buffer = new byte[structSize];
           
//分配结构体大小的内存空间
            IntPtr structPtr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(structSize);
           
//将结构体拷到分配好的内存空间
            Marshal.StructureToPtr(s, structPtr, false);
           
//从内存空间拷到byte数组
            Marshal.Copy(structPtr, buffer, 0, structSize);
           
//释放内存空间
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(structPtr);
           
return buffer;
        }

    }
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