ffmpeg muxer复用器 aac+h264合成MP4

主要借鉴:雷神muxer
ffmpeg版本:4.3
在这里插入图片描述

extern "C"
{
#include "libswscale/swscale.h"
#include "libavdevice/avdevice.h"
#include "libavcodec/avcodec.h"
#include "libavcodec/bsf.h"
#include "libavformat/avformat.h"
#include "libavutil/avutil.h"
#include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"
#include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
#include "libavutil/audio_fifo.h"
#include <libswresample/swresample.h>
#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
#include "libavfilter/avfilter.h"
#include "libavfilter/buffersink.h"
#include "libavfilter/buffersrc.h"
#include "libswscale/swscale.h"
}
/*
FIX: H.264 in some container format (FLV, MP4, MKV etc.) need
"h264_mp4toannexb" bitstream filter (BSF)
  *Add SPS,PPS in front of IDR frame
  *Add start code ("0,0,0,1") in front of NALU
H.264 in some container (MPEG2TS) don't need this BSF.
*/
//'1': Use H.264 Bitstream Filter
//'0': do not Use H.264 Bitstream Filter
#define USE_H264BSF 0

/*
FIX:AAC in some container format (FLV, MP4, MKV etc.) need
"aac_adtstoasc" bitstream filter (BSF)
*/
//'1': Use AAC Bitstream Filter
//'0': do not Use AAC Bitstream Filter
#define USE_AACBSF 0

static int test()
{
    AVOutputFormat *ofmt = nullptr;
    //Input AVFormatContext and Output AVFormatContext
    AVFormatContext *ifmt_ctx_v = nullptr, *ifmt_ctx_a = nullptr,*ofmt_ctx = nullptr;
    AVPacket pkt;
    int ret, i;
    int videoindex_v=-1,videoindex_out=-1;
    int audioindex_a=-1,audioindex_out=-1;
    int frame_index=0;
    int64_t cur_pts_v=0,cur_pts_a=0;

    const char *in_filename_a = "D:/output/1122_3min.aac";
    const char *in_filename_v = "D:/output/1122_3min.h264";
    const char *out_filename = "D:/output/M_uxe1122_3min.mp4";//Output file URL
    //Input
    if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&ifmt_ctx_v, in_filename_v, nullptr, nullptr)) < 0) {
        printf( "Could not open input file.");
        return -1;
    }
    if ((ret = avformat_find_stream_info(ifmt_ctx_v, nullptr)) < 0) {
        printf( "Failed to retrieve input stream information");
        return -1;
    }

    if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&ifmt_ctx_a, in_filename_a, nullptr, nullptr)) < 0) {
        printf( "Could not open input file.");
        return -1;
    }
    if ((ret = avformat_find_stream_info(ifmt_ctx_a, 0)) < 0) {
        printf( "Failed to retrieve input stream information");
        return -1;
    }
    printf("===========Input Information==========\n");
    av_dump_format(ifmt_ctx_v, 0, in_filename_v, 0);
    av_dump_format(ifmt_ctx_a, 0, in_filename_a, 0);
    printf("======================================\n");
    //Output
    avformat_alloc_output_context2(&ofmt_ctx, nullptr, nullptr, out_filename);
    if (!ofmt_ctx) {
        printf( "Could not create output context\n");
        return -1;
    }
    ofmt = ofmt_ctx->oformat;

    for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx_v->nb_streams; i++) {
            //Create output AVStream according to input AVStream
            if(ifmt_ctx_v->streams[i]->codecpar->codec_type==AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO){
            AVStream *in_stream = ifmt_ctx_v->streams[i];
            AVCodec * pCodec_v = avcodec_find_decoder(in_stream->codecpar->codec_id);
            AVStream *out_stream = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, pCodec_v);
            videoindex_v=i;
            if (!out_stream) {
                printf( "Failed allocating output stream\n");
                return -1;
            }
            videoindex_out=out_stream->index;
            AVCodecContext * pCodecCtx = avcodec_alloc_context3(pCodec_v);     
            //Copy the settings of AVCodecContext
            if (avcodec_parameters_to_context(pCodecCtx,in_stream->codecpar)< 0) {
                printf( "Failed to copy context from input to output stream codec context\n");
                return -1;
            }
            out_stream->codecpar->codec_tag = 0;
            if (ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER)
            {
                pCodecCtx->flags |= AV_CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER;
            }
            break;
        }
    }


    for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx_a->nb_streams; i++) {
        //Create output AVStream according to input AVStream
        if(ifmt_ctx_a->streams[i]->codecpar->codec_type==AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO){
            AVStream *in_stream = ifmt_ctx_a->streams[i];
            AVCodec * pCodec_a = avcodec_find_decoder(in_stream->codecpar->codec_id);
            AVStream *out_stream = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, pCodec_a);
            audioindex_a=i;
            if (!out_stream) {
                printf( "Failed allocating output stream\n");
                return -1;
            }
            audioindex_out=out_stream->index;
            AVCodecContext * pCodecCtx = avcodec_alloc_context3(pCodec_a); 
            if (avcodec_parameters_to_context(pCodecCtx,in_stream->codecpar)< 0) {
                printf( "Failed to copy context from input to output stream codec context\n");
                return -1;
            }
            out_stream->codecpar->codec_tag = 0;
            if (ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER)
            {
                pCodecCtx->flags |= AV_CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER;
            }
            break;
        }
    }

    printf("==========Output Information==========\n");
    av_dump_format(ofmt_ctx, 0, out_filename, 1);
    printf("======================================\n");
    //Open output file
    if (!(ofmt->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE)) {
        if (avio_open(&ofmt_ctx->pb, out_filename, AVIO_FLAG_WRITE) < 0) {
            printf( "Could not open output file '%s'", out_filename);
            return -1;
        }
    }
    //Write file header
    if (avformat_write_header(ofmt_ctx, NULL) < 0) {
        printf( "Error occurred when opening output file\n");
        return -1;
    }


    //FIX
#if USE_H264BSF
    AVBitStreamFilterContext* h264bsfc =  av_bitstream_filter_init("h264_mp4toannexb");
#endif
#if USE_AACBSF
    AVBitStreamFilterContext* aacbsfc =  av_bitstream_filter_init("aac_adtstoasc");
#endif

    while (1) {
        AVFormatContext *ifmt_ctx;
        int stream_index=0;
        AVStream *in_stream, *out_stream;

        //Get an AVPacket
        if(av_compare_ts(cur_pts_v,ifmt_ctx_v->streams[videoindex_v]->time_base,cur_pts_a,ifmt_ctx_a->streams[audioindex_a]->time_base) <= 0){
            ifmt_ctx=ifmt_ctx_v;
            stream_index=videoindex_out;

            if(av_read_frame(ifmt_ctx, &pkt) >= 0){

                    in_stream  = ifmt_ctx->streams[pkt.stream_index];
                    out_stream = ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index];

                    if(pkt.stream_index==videoindex_v){
                        //FIX:No PTS
                        //Simple Write PTS
                        if(pkt.pts==AV_NOPTS_VALUE){
                            //Write PTS
                            AVRational time_base1=in_stream->time_base;
                            //Duration between 2 frames (us)
                            int64_t calc_duration=(double)AV_TIME_BASE/av_q2d(in_stream->r_frame_rate);
                            //Parameters
                            pkt.pts=(double)(frame_index*calc_duration)/(double)(av_q2d(time_base1)*AV_TIME_BASE);
                            pkt.dts=pkt.pts;
                            pkt.duration=(double)calc_duration/(double)(av_q2d(time_base1)*AV_TIME_BASE);
                            frame_index++;
                        }
                        cur_pts_v=pkt.pts;
                        printf("VIDEO  ");
                    }
            }else
            {
                break;
            }
        }else{
            ifmt_ctx=ifmt_ctx_a;
            stream_index=audioindex_out;
            if(av_read_frame(ifmt_ctx, &pkt) >= 0){

                    in_stream  = ifmt_ctx->streams[pkt.stream_index];
                    out_stream = ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index];

                    if(pkt.stream_index==audioindex_a){
                        //FIX:No PTS
                        //Simple Write PTS
                        if(pkt.pts==AV_NOPTS_VALUE){
                            //Write PTS
                            AVRational time_base1=in_stream->time_base;
                            //Duration between 2 frames (us)
                            int64_t calc_duration=(double)AV_TIME_BASE/av_q2d(in_stream->r_frame_rate);
                            //Parameters
                            pkt.pts=(double)(frame_index*calc_duration)/(double)(av_q2d(time_base1)*AV_TIME_BASE);
                            pkt.dts=pkt.pts;
                            pkt.duration=(double)calc_duration/(double)(av_q2d(time_base1)*AV_TIME_BASE);
                            frame_index++;
                        }
                        cur_pts_a=pkt.pts;

                        printf("AUDIO  ");
                    }
            }else
            {
                break;
            }

        }

        //FIX:Bitstream Filter
#if USE_H264BSF
        av_bitstream_filter_filter(h264bsfc, in_stream->codec, NULL, &pkt.data, &pkt.size, pkt.data, pkt.size, 0);
#endif
#if USE_AACBSF
        av_bitstream_filter_filter(aacbsfc, out_stream->codec, NULL, &pkt.data, &pkt.size, pkt.data, pkt.size, 0);
#endif
        //Convert PTS/DTS
        pkt.pts = av_rescale_q_rnd(pkt.pts, in_stream->time_base, out_stream->time_base, (AVRounding)(AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX));
        pkt.dts = av_rescale_q_rnd(pkt.dts, in_stream->time_base, out_stream->time_base, (AVRounding)(AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX));
        pkt.duration = av_rescale_q(pkt.duration, in_stream->time_base, out_stream->time_base);
        pkt.pos = -1;
        pkt.stream_index=stream_index;
        printf("Write 1 Packet. size:%5d\tpts:%lld\n",pkt.size,pkt.pts);
        //Write
        if (av_interleaved_write_frame(ofmt_ctx, &pkt) < 0) {
            printf( "Error muxing packet\n");
            break;
        }
        av_packet_unref(&pkt);

    }
    //Write file trailer
    av_write_trailer(ofmt_ctx);

#if USE_H264BSF
    av_bitstream_filter_close(h264bsfc);
#endif
#if USE_AACBSF
    av_bitstream_filter_close(aacbsfc);
#endif


    avformat_close_input(&ifmt_ctx_v);
    avformat_close_input(&ifmt_ctx_a);
    /* close output */
    if (ofmt_ctx && !(ofmt->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE))
        avio_close(ofmt_ctx->pb);
    avformat_free_context(ofmt_ctx);
    if (ret < 0 && ret != AVERROR_EOF) {
        printf( "Error occurred.\n");
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}



void main()
{
    test();
    std::cout<<"h264andacctomp4 end";
}
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