Linux安装mysql8.0.13步骤(转)

原文地址:https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_42109071/article/details/89375748

1.下载mysql-8.0.13-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.xz的安装包

云盘下载链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1CwH3yKNoQ_dUX4Q2xrA5Aw 
提取码:jxbk 
 

2.解压mysql-8.0.13-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.xz

# tar -xvf mysql-8.0.13-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.xz

3.将解压的文件重命名mysql,并移动到/usr/local目录下

# mv mysql-8.0.13-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql
# mv mysql /usr/local/


4.进入到/usr/local目录下,创建用户和用户组并授权

# cd /usr/local/
# groupadd mysql
# useradd -r -g mysql mysql
# cd mysql/ #注意:进入mysql文件下授权所有的文件
# chown -R mysql:mysql ./ 

#passwd mysql   #修改mysql用户密码


5.再/usr/local/mysql目录下,创建data文件夹

 # mkdir data

6.初始化数据库,并会自动生成随机密码,记下等下登陆要用 

# bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

7.修改/usr/local/mysql当前目录得用户 

# chown -R root:root ./
# chown -R mysql:mysql data

8.# cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf 

复制过去,其实也就是空白页,一开始没有my-default.cnf这个文件,可以用# touch my-default.cnf命令创建一个,并配置权限 
# chmod 777 ./my-default.cnf 


 

# cd support-files/
# touch my-default.cnf
# chmod 777 ./my-default.cnf 
# cd ../
# cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf 


9.配置my.cnf 

# vim /etc/my.cnf 
[mysqld]
 
# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
 
# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin
 
# These are commonly set, remove the # and set as required.
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /usr/local/mysql/data
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
log-error = /usr/local/mysql/data/error.log
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid
tmpdir = /tmp
port = 5186
#lower_case_table_names = 1
# server_id = .....
# socket = .....
#lower_case_table_names = 1
max_allowed_packet=32M
default-authentication-plugin = mysql_native_password
#lower_case_file_system = on
#lower_case_table_names = 1
log_bin_trust_function_creators = ON
# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M 
 
sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

如果后期mysql运行报错,可以直接到log-error = /usr/local/mysql/data/error.log目录下直接查看错误日志

命令:cat /usr/local/mysql/data/error.log

 

10.开机自启,进入/usr/local/mysql/support-files进行设置

# cd support-files/
# cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql 
# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql

11.注册服务 

# chkconfig --add mysql

如果命令没有,在需要处理chkconfig

# rpm -aq |grep chkconfig
# export PATH=/sbin:$PATH
# chkconfig
# echo $PATH
# PATH="$PATH":/sbin
# echo $PATH

12.查看是否成功

13.etc/ld.so.conf要配置路径,不然报错 

# vim /etc/ld.so.conf
 
添加如下内容:
/usr/local/mysql/lib

14.配置环境变量

# vim /etc/profile
# source /etc/profile
 
添加如下内容:
#MYSQL ENVIRONMENT
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib

15.登陆,这里输入上面第6步随机生成得密码,细心点输入,没有显示的,登陆成功如图所示 

#启动mysql服务
[root@localhost bin]# service mysql start
Starting MySQL.Logging to '/usr/local/mysql/data/error.log'.
.. SUCCESS! 
[root@localhost bin]# 



#修改mysql密码
mysql> alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by '123456';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> 

16.开启Navicat远程连接

# mysql -uroot -p #进入数据库
> use mysql;#进入数据库
> select host, user, authentication_string, plugin from user;#查看用户信息
> GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'root'@'%';#授权root用户可以远程登陆
> flush privileges;#立即生效
> ALTER USER 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'Kuaigui2019!';#修改root用户密码
> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;#立即生效
> exit;#退出
# service mysql restart#重启mysql服务

17.navicat连接成功

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