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SGU118——Digital Root

118. Digital Root

time limit per test: 0.5 sec.
memory limit per test: 4096 KB

Let f(n) be a sum of digits for positive integer n. If f(n) is one-digit number then it is a digital root for n and otherwise digital root of n is equal to digital root of f(n). For example, digital root of 987 is 6. Your task is to find digital root for expression A1*A2*…*AN + A1*A2*…*AN-1 + … + A1*A2 + A1.

Input

Input file consists of few test cases. There is K (1<=K<=5) in the first line of input. Each test case is a line. Positive integer number N is written on the first place of test case (N<=1000). After it there are N positive integer numbers (sequence A). Each of this numbers is non-negative and not more than 109.

Output

Write one line for every test case. On each line write digital root for given expression.

Sample Input

1
3 2 3 4

Sample Output

5



 

 

 

 

首先,比如样例三个数字,要求是2*3*4+2*3+2,可以这么看2+2*3+2*3*4  还有两个数论公式:(a+b)%c=(a%c)+(b%c)    (a*b)%c=(a%c)*(b%c)  还有一个结论是一个数的所有位数的和为这个数对9取模。

 

#include<iostream>
#include<string.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<ctype.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<stack>
#include<queue>
#include<set>
#include<math.h>
#include<vector>
#include<map>
#include<deque>
#include<list>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    int t,n,a;
    scanf("%d",&t);
    while(t--)
    {
        int p=1,sum=0;
        scanf("%d",&n);
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&a);
            a%=9;
            p*=a;
            p%=9;
            sum+=p;
        }
        sum%=9;
        if(sum==0)
        printf("9\n");
        else
        printf("%d\n",sum);
    }
    return 0;
}


 

 

 

 

 

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SGU118——Digital Root

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