使用linux c开源库libwebsockets编写的websocket客户端

<一>: 背景

19年中旬做的一个嵌入式项目, 应用层需要有一个心跳的功能, 当时决定用websocket协议, 所以当时就研究了下libwebsockets的使用. 网上的资料并不多, 当时只能研究开源库提供的测试代码, 然后改改后就合并到项目里了. 这几天又把libwebsockets重新编译了下, 顺手重新写了一个简单的websocket客户端. 主要包含了以下三个功能:

1): 定时发送心跳数据;

2): 掉网重连;

3): 是否使用ssl;

代码如<二>, 不足支持请多指教.

 

<二>: 代码

WebsocketClient.h如下:

#ifndef WEBSOCKET_CLIENT_H
#define WEBSOCKET_CLIENT_H

#include <string.h>
#include <libwebsockets.h>

#define _THIS_ "this"
#define _ADDR_ "addr"
#define _PORT_ "port"
#define _PATH_ "path"
#define _SSL_  "ssl"

class WebsocketClient;
typedef struct ClientData {
	struct lws_context *context;
	struct lws_vhost *vhost;
	struct lws *client_wsi;
	
	const char **addr;
	int *port;
        const char **path;
        int *ssl;

	WebsocketClient *wsc;
}_ClientData;


class WebsocketClient
{
public:
	WebsocketClient();
        ~WebsocketClient()
	{
		if (mContext != NULL)
		{
			lws_context_destroy(mContext);
			mContext = NULL;
		}
	}

public:
        bool Start(int argc, const char **argv);

private:
        bool init(int argc, const char **argv);

public:
	char msg[1024];

private:
	struct lws_context *mContext;

	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvoAddr; // 地址
	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvoPort; // 端口
	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvoPath; // 路径
	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvoSSL;  // 是否使用ssl
	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvoThis; // 传递的本类
	struct lws_protocol_vhost_options lpvo;
};

#endif // WEBSOCKET_CLIENT_H

WebsocketClient.cpp如下:


#include "WebsocketClient.h"

static const char *addr = "localhost", *path = "/";
static int port = 7681, ssl = 0;

static int callBackFunc(struct lws *wsi, enum lws_callback_reasons reason, void *user, void *in, size_t len);
#define WEBSOCKET_CLIENT \
{ \
	"websocket-client", \
	callBackFunc, \
	0, \
	1024, \
	0, NULL, 0 \
}
static struct lws_protocols lProtocols[] = {WEBSOCKET_CLIENT,{ NULL, NULL, 0, 0 }};

// 用于事件回调
static void scheduleCallBack(struct lws *wsi, int reason, int secs)
{
	lws_timed_callback_vh_protocol(lws_get_vhost(wsi), lws_get_protocol(wsi), reason, secs);
}

// 连接服务
static int connectServer(_ClientData *ClientData)
{
	struct lws_client_connect_info lccInfo;
        memset(&lccInfo, 0, sizeof(lccInfo));

	char host[32];
	lws_snprintf(host, sizeof(host), "%s:%u", *ClientData->addr, *ClientData->port);

	lccInfo.context = ClientData->context;
	lccInfo.port = *ClientData->port;
	lccInfo.address = *ClientData->addr;
	lccInfo.path = *ClientData->path;
	lccInfo.host = host;
	lccInfo.origin = host;
	lccInfo.ssl_connection = *ClientData->ssl;
	lccInfo.vhost = ClientData->vhost;
	lccInfo.pwsi = &ClientData->client_wsi;

	lwsl_user("connecting to ws://%s:%d%s\n", lccInfo.address, lccInfo.port, lccInfo.path);

	return !lws_client_connect_via_info(&lccInfo);
}

// lws_service回调
static int callBackFunc(struct lws *wsi, enum lws_callback_reasons reason, void *user, void *in, size_t len)
{
	_ClientData *clientData = (_ClientData *)lws_protocol_vh_priv_get(lws_get_vhost(wsi), lws_get_protocol(wsi));

	switch (reason) 
        {
	case LWS_CALLBACK_PROTOCOL_INIT:
                lwsl_user("LWS_CALLBACK_PROTOCOL_INIT\n");

		clientData = (_ClientData *)lws_protocol_vh_priv_zalloc(lws_get_vhost(wsi), lws_get_protocol(wsi), sizeof(_ClientData));
		if (!clientData)
			return -1;

		clientData->context = lws_get_context(wsi);
		clientData->vhost = lws_get_vhost(wsi);
		clientData->port = (int *)lws_pvo_search((const struct lws_protocol_vhost_options *)in, _PORT_)->value;
		clientData->addr = (const char **)lws_pvo_search((const struct lws_protocol_vhost_options *)in, _ADDR_)->value;
		clientData->path = (const char **)lws_pvo_search((const struct lws_protocol_vhost_options *)in, _PATH_)->value;
		clientData->ssl = (int *)lws_pvo_search((const struct lws_protocol_vhost_options *)in, _SSL_)->value;
		char **pptr;
		pptr = (char **)lws_pvo_search((const struct lws_protocol_vhost_options *)in, _THIS_)->value;
		clientData->wsc = reinterpret_cast<WebsocketClient *>(*pptr);
	
		if (connectServer(clientData))
			scheduleCallBack(wsi, LWS_CALLBACK_USER, 1);
		break;

        // 连接创建成功事件, 会调用: LWS_CALLBACK_TIMER
	case LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_ESTABLISHED:
		lwsl_user("LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_ESTABLISHED\n");

                lws_set_timer_usecs(wsi, 5 * LWS_USEC_PER_SEC);
		break;

        // 写事件
	case LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_WRITEABLE:
		char *tmp;
		int sendLen, retLen;
		tmp = (char *)"{\"ping\":1,\"msg\":\"ping msg\"}";
		sendLen = strlen(tmp);

		char sendMsg[LWS_PRE + sendLen];
		memcpy(sendMsg + LWS_PRE, tmp, sendLen);
		retLen = lws_write(wsi, ((unsigned char *)sendMsg) + LWS_PRE, sendLen, LWS_WRITE_TEXT);
		if (retLen < sendLen) 
                {
			lwsl_err("sendMsg error\n");
			return -1;
		}

                lwsl_user("LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_WRITEABLE: %d, sendMsg: %s, sendLen: %d\n", reason, tmp, sendLen);
		break;

        // 收事件
	case LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_RECEIVE:
                lwsl_user("LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_RECEIVE: %d, receiveMsg: %s, receiveLen: %d\n", reason, in, len);

		memcpy(clientData->wsc->msg, (char *)in, len);
		lwsl_user("clientData->wsc->msg: %s\n", clientData->wsc->msg);

		break;

        // 连接错误事件, 会调用: LWS_CALLBACK_USER
	case LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_CONNECTION_ERROR:
		lwsl_err("CLIENT_CONNECTION_ERROR\n");
                scheduleCallBack(wsi, LWS_CALLBACK_USER, 1);
		break;

        // 时间事件, 会调用: LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_WRITEABLE
        case LWS_CALLBACK_TIMER:
                lws_callback_on_writable(wsi);
                lws_set_timer_usecs(wsi, 5 * LWS_USEC_PER_SEC);
                break;

        // 客户端session关闭事件
	case LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_CLOSED:
		lwsl_user("LWS_CALLBACK_CLIENT_CLOSED\n");

		lws_cancel_service(lws_get_context(wsi));
		scheduleCallBack(wsi, LWS_CALLBACK_USER, 1);
		break;

        // 自定义事件, 当前用于重连
	case LWS_CALLBACK_USER:
		lwsl_notice("%s: LWS_CALLBACK_USER\n", __func__);
		if (connectServer(clientData))
			scheduleCallBack(wsi, LWS_CALLBACK_USER, 1);
		break;

	default:
		break;
	}

	return 0;
}

WebsocketClient::WebsocketClient()
{
	memset(msg, 0x00, sizeof(msg));
	lpvoAddr = {NULL, NULL, _ADDR_, (char *)((void *)&addr)};
	lpvoPort = {&lpvoAddr, NULL, _PORT_, (char *)((void *)&port)};
	lpvoPath = {&lpvoPort, NULL, _PATH_, (char *)((void *)&path)};
	lpvoSSL = {&lpvoPath, NULL, _SSL_, (char *)((void *)&ssl)};
	char *tmp = reinterpret_cast<char *>(this);
	lpvoThis = {&lpvoSSL, NULL, _THIS_, (char *)((void *)(&tmp))};
	lpvo = {NULL, &lpvoThis, "websocket-client", ""};
}

bool WebsocketClient::init(int argc, const char **argv)
{
	struct lws_context_creation_info lcrInfo;
        memset(&lcrInfo, 0, sizeof lcrInfo);

	const char *tmpPtr = NULL;
	int logs = LLL_USER | LLL_ERR | LLL_WARN | LLL_NOTICE;

        // 连接地址
	if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--addr")))
		addr = tmpPtr;
        // 连接端口
	if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--port")))
		port = atoi(tmpPtr);
        // 虚拟路径
	if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--path")))
		path = tmpPtr;
        // 是否使用ssl
	if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--ssl")))
		ssl = atoi(tmpPtr);
        if (ssl)
        {
                if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--ca_path")))
		{
			lcrInfo.client_ssl_ca_filepath = tmpPtr;  
		}	   
                else 
		{
			lwsl_err("cannot find ca_path\n");
			return false;
		}
        }
        
        // 日志输出等级
	if ((tmpPtr = lws_cmdline_option(argc, argv, "--log_level")))
		logs = atoi(tmpPtr);
	lws_set_log_level(logs, NULL);

	lcrInfo.port = CONTEXT_PORT_NO_LISTEN;  /* we do not run any server */
	lcrInfo.protocols = lProtocols;
	lcrInfo.pvo = &lpvo;
	lcrInfo.pt_serv_buf_size = 32 * 1024;
	lcrInfo.options = LWS_SERVER_OPTION_DO_SSL_GLOBAL_INIT | LWS_SERVER_OPTION_VALIDATE_UTF8;
	lcrInfo.fd_limit_per_thread = 1 + 1 + 1;

	mContext = lws_create_context(&lcrInfo);
	if (!mContext) 
	{
		lwsl_err("lws init failed\n");
		return false;
	}

	return true;
}

bool WebsocketClient::Start(int argc, const char **argv)
{
	if (!init(argc, argv))
	{
		return false;
	}

	while (!lws_service(mContext, 0));
	lws_context_destroy(mContext);

	return true;
}

测试文件main.cpp如下:

#include "WebsocketClient.h"

int main(int argc, const char **argv)
{
	WebsocketClient websocketClient;

	if (!websocketClient.Start(argc, argv))
	{
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

编译命令如下:

g++ main.cpp WebsocketClient.cpp -o main -lwebsockets -Wall -std=c++11

 

<三>: 测试

打开一个websocket服务, 如果没有, 可以根据上篇文章编译一个echo服务. 本测试就用自己编译的echo服务, 结果如下:

结束:

    如果有什么问题, 大家可以一起讨论解决.

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