Web工程中配置文件路径问题

版权声明:转载请注明出处http://blog.csdn.net/chanryma https://blog.csdn.net/chanryma/article/details/49785885

背景:Web工程中,配置文件放的位置和读取方式,经常忘记。Web工程和可运行Jar工程不太一样。总结一下。

实现:

1. 首先,工程结构如下:


注:

a. 蓝色标注的两个文件是和com包平级的,都在src下。EnnNotificationPushProxy.ini是这个工程的配置文件,log4j.properties是log4j的配置文件。

b. 红色标注的两个文件,ConfigUtil.java是用来读取EnnNotificationPushProxy.ini的,LogUtil.java是读取log4j.properties的。


2. ConfigUtil.java内容:

package com.ecity.enn.notification.proxy.util;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Properties;

public class ConfigUtil {
    private static final String INI_FILE_NAME = "/EnnNotificationPushProxy.ini";
    private static HashMap<String, String> propertyMap = null;

    static {
        propertyMap = new HashMap<String, String>();
        String path = URLUtil.getClassPath(ConfigUtil.class) + INI_FILE_NAME;
        LogUtil.debug("EnnNotificationPushProxy.ini path=" + path);
        File file = new File(path);

        FileInputStream inStream = null;
        try {
            inStream = new FileInputStream(file);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            LogUtil.error(e);
        }

        Properties properties = new Properties();
        try {
            properties.load(inStream);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            LogUtil.error(e);
        }

        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Enumeration<String> keys = (Enumeration<String>) properties.propertyNames();

        while (keys.hasMoreElements()) {
            String key = keys.nextElement();
            propertyMap.put(key.toLowerCase(), properties.getProperty(key));
        }
    }

    public static String get(String key) {
        return propertyMap.get(key.toLowerCase());
    }

    public static int getInt(String key) {
        String valueStr = propertyMap.get(key.toLowerCase());
        int value = 0;
        try {
            value = Integer.valueOf(valueStr);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LogUtil.error(e);
            value = 0;
        }

        return value;
    }

    public static long getLong(String key) {
        String valueStr = propertyMap.get(key.toLowerCase());
        long value = 0;
        try {
            value = Long.valueOf(valueStr);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LogUtil.error(e);
            value = 0;
        }

        return value;
    }

    public static void set(String key, String value) {
        if (get(key) == null) {
            propertyMap.put(key, value);
        }
    }
}

3. LogUtil.java内容:

package com.ecity.enn.notification.proxy.util;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.apache.log4j.PropertyConfigurator;

public class LogUtil {
    private static final Logger logger;
    private static final String INI_FILE_NAME = "/log4j.properties";
    private static final String TAG = "EnnNotificationPushProxy";

    static {
        System.out.println("ProjectHomePath=" + URLUtil.getProjectHomePath());
        System.setProperty("WORKDIR", URLUtil.getProjectHomePath());
        String path = URLUtil.getClassPath(LogUtil.class) + INI_FILE_NAME;
        PropertyConfigurator.configure(path);
        logger = Logger.getLogger(TAG);
    }

    public static void debug(Object message) {
        logger.info(message);
    }

    public static void debug(String message, Throwable e) {
        logger.info(message, e);
    }

    public static void info(String message) {
        logger.info(message);
    }

    public static void info(String message, Throwable e) {
        logger.info(message, e);
    }

    public static void error(String message) {
        logger.error(message);
    }

    public static void error(Object message, Throwable e) {
        logger.error(message, e);
    }

    public static void error(Throwable e) {
        logger.error("", e);
    }
}

注:注意WORKDIR的值的设置。它的值是当前工程的位置。


4. log4j.properties内容:

log4j.rootLogger=ALL, ServerDailyRollingFile, stdout
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile.DatePattern='.'yyyy-MM-dd
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile.File=${WORKDIR}/logs/EnnNotificationPushProxy.log
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %p [%c] %m%n
log4j.appender.ServerDailyRollingFile.Append=true

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %p [%c] %m%n
注:注意WORKDIR变量的使用。这个配置下,logs文件生成在工程的根目录。


5. 在ConfigUtil.java和LogUtil.java中,都使用到了URLUtil类。如下:

package com.ecity.enn.notification.proxy.util;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URL;

/**
 * <p>
 * Title:URL辅助工具类
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * Copyright: 转载请注明出处http://blog.csdn.net/sunyujia/
 * </p>
 *
 * @author 孙钰佳
 * @main sunyujia@yahoo.cn
 * @date Sep 21, 2008 12:31:23 PM
 */
public class URLUtil {
    /**
     *
     * Description:取得当前类所在的文件
     *
     * @param clazz
     * @return
     * @mail sunyujia@yahoo.cn
     * @since:Sep 21, 2008 12:32:10 PM
     */
    public static File getClassFile(Class<?> clazz) {
        URL path = clazz.getResource(clazz.getName().substring(clazz.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1) + ".class");
        if (path == null) {
            String name = clazz.getName().replaceAll("[.]", "/");
            path = clazz.getResource("/" + name + ".class");
        }
        return new File(path.getFile());
    }

    /**
     *
     * Description:同getClassFile 解决中文编码问题
     *
     * @param clazz
     * @return
     * @mail sunyujia@yahoo.cn
     * @since:Sep 21, 2008 1:10:12 PM
     */
    public static String getClassFilePath(Class<?> clazz) {
        try {
            return java.net.URLDecoder.decode(getClassFile(clazz).getAbsolutePath(), "UTF-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return "";
        }
    }

    /**
     *
     * Description:取得当前类所在的ClassPath目录
     *
     * @param clazz
     * @return
     * @mail sunyujia@yahoo.cn
     * @since:Sep 21, 2008 12:32:27 PM
     */
    public static File getClassPathFile(Class<?> clazz) {
        File file = getClassFile(clazz);
        for (int i = 0, count = clazz.getName().split("[.]").length; i < count; i++)
            file = file.getParentFile();
        if (file.getName().toUpperCase().endsWith(".JAR!")) {
            file = file.getParentFile();
        }
        return file;
    }

    /**
     *
     * Description: 同getClassPathFile 解决中文编码问题
     *
     * @param clazz
     * @return
     * @mail sunyujia@yahoo.cn
     * @since:Sep 21, 2008 1:10:37 PM
     */
    public static String getClassPath(Class<?> clazz) {
        try {
            return java.net.URLDecoder.decode(getClassPathFile(clazz).getAbsolutePath(), "UTF-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return "";
        }
    }

    public static String getProjectHomePath() {
        String path = getClassPath(URLUtil.class);
        String webAppPath = path.substring(0, path.toUpperCase().lastIndexOf("WEB-INF")).replaceAll("%20", " ");

        return webAppPath;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        System.out.println(getClassFilePath(URLUtil.class));
        System.out.println(getClassPath(URLUtil.class));
    }
}
注:这个类来自这个类来自http://blog.csdn.net/sunyujia/


6. 最终部署结果:

a. 两个配置文件的位置在classes下。如下:


b. logs文件夹在项目根目录下。log文件在logs文件夹下。如下:


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