gcc 下获得程序名

Windows 上我们可以用 GetMuduleName 获得可执行文件的名字。Linux 下应该是 /proc/self/exe,如果只需要获得大概的名字用作帮助信息和诊断报告等,可以用 program_invocation_name 或者 program_invocation_short_name

 

program_invocation_name 是进程被命令行启动时调用的名字,也就是 argv[0]。 program_invocation_short_name 是 program_invocation_name 末尾不含目录的文件名部分。

 

以下取自 man page。

 

NAME
       program_invocation_name, program_invocation_short_name - obtain name used to invoke calling program

SYNOPSIS
       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <errno.h>


       extern char * program_invocation_name ;
       extern char * program_invocation_short_name ;

DESCRIPTION
       program_invocation_name   contains the name that was used to invoke the calling program. 

       This is the same as the value of argv[0] in main (), with the difference that the scope of 

       program_invocation_name is global.

       program_invocation_short_name contains the basename component of name that was used

       to invoke the calling program.   That is,  it  is  the  same  value  as program_invocation_name ,

       with all text up to and including the final slash (/), if any, removed.

       These variables are automatically initialised by the glibc run-time startup code.

NOTES
       The Linux-specific /proc/[number]/cmdline file provides access to similar information.

CONFORMING TO
       These variables are GNU extensions, and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.

SEE ALSO
       proc (5)


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