android操作联系人Contacts

一、权限

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" />

  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" />

二、编码

package cn.itcast.contact;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.content.ContentProviderOperation;
import android.content.ContentProviderResult;
import android.content.ContentResolver;
import android.content.ContentUris;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.provider.ContactsContract;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.RawContacts;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredName;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.Contacts.Data;
import android.test.AndroidTestCase;
import android.util.Log;

public class ContactTest extends AndroidTestCase {
 private static final String TAG = "ContactTest";
 
 public void testGetAllContact() throws Throwable{
  Uri uri =  ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI;
  ContentResolver contentResolver = this.getContext().getContentResolver();
  Cursor cursor = contentResolver.query(uri, null, null, null, null);
  while(cursor.moveToNext()){
   StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
   String contactId = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts._ID)); //数据库中的id
   String name = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME)); //联系人的名字
   sb.append("contactId=").append(contactId).append(",name=").append(name);
   
   Cursor phones = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI, 
           null, 
           ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID +" = "+ contactId, 
           null, null); 
   while(phones.moveToNext()){
    String phoneNumber = phones.getString(phones.getColumnIndex(
      ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.NUMBER));//联系人的电话号码,一个联系人有多个号码
    sb.append(",phone=").append(phoneNumber);
   }
   phones.close();
   
   Cursor emails = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTENT_URI, 
           null, 
           ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTACT_ID + " = " + contactId, 
           null, null);  //联系人的邮件
   while (emails.moveToNext()) { 
          String emailAddress = emails.getString(emails.getColumnIndex(
            ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.DATA));
          sb.append(",emailAddress=").append(emailAddress);
      }
   emails.close();
   Log.i(TAG, sb.toString());
  }
  cursor.close();
 }
 
 /**
  * 首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId
  * 这时后面插入data表的依据,只有执行空值插入,才能使插入的联系人在通讯录里面可见
  */
 public void testInsert() {
  ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
  //首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId
  Uri rawContactUri = this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI, values);
  long rawContactId = ContentUris.parseId(rawContactUri);
  //往data表入姓名数据
  values.clear();
  values.put(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
  values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);//内容类型
  values.put(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "李天山");
  this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);
  //往data表入电话数据
  values.clear();
  values.put(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
  values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
  values.put(Phone.NUMBER, "13921009789");
  values.put(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE);
  this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);
  //往data表入Email数据
  values.clear();
  values.put(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId);
  values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
  values.put(Email.DATA, av@163.com);
  values.put(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK);
  this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values);
 }

 //批量添加,处于同一个事务中
 public void testSave() throws Throwable{
  //文档位置:reference\android\provider\ContactsContract.RawContacts.html
  ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> ops = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();
  int rawContactInsertIndex = ops.size();
  ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI)
    .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_TYPE, null)
    .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_NAME, null)
    .build());
  //文档位置:reference\android\provider\ContactsContract.Data.html
  ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
    .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
    .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
    .withValue(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "赵薇")
    .build());
  ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
     .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
           .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
           .withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "13671323809")
           .withValue(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE)
           .withValue(Phone.LABEL, "手机号")
           .build());
  ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
     .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex)
           .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
           .withValue(Email.DATA, "liming@itcast.cn")
           .withValue(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK)
           .build());
  ContentProviderResult[] results = this.getContext().getContentResolver()
   .applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, ops);
  for(ContentProviderResult result : results){
   Log.i(TAG, result.uri.toString());
  }
 }

}

 

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