Flutter Decoration背景设定(边框、圆角、阴影、形状、渐变、背景图像等)

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载、不得商业用途。 https://blog.csdn.net/chenlove1/article/details/83627831

1 继续关系:

BoxDecoration:实现边框、圆角、阴影、形状、渐变、背景图像

ShapeDecoration:实现四个边分别指定颜色和宽度、底部线、矩形边色、圆形边色、体育场(竖向椭圆)、 角形(八边角)边色

FlutterLogoDecoration:实现Flutter图片

UnderlineTabindicator:下划线

2 介绍

一个背景装饰对象,相当于Android中的shape.xml,定制各种各样的背景(边框、圆角、阴影、形状、渐变、背景图像)。

3 BoxDecoration例子:

构造方法:

  const BoxDecoration({
    this.color, // 底色
    this.image, // 图片
    this.border, 边色
    this.borderRadius, // 圆角度
    this.boxShadow, // 阴影
    this.gradient, // 渐变
    this.backgroundBlendMode, // 混合Mode
    this.shape = BoxShape.rectangle,  // 形状
  }) 

3.1 边框+圆角:

decoration: new BoxDecoration(
  border: new Border.all(color: Color(0xFFFF0000), width: 0.5), // 边色与边宽度
  color: Color(0xFF9E9E9E), // 底色
  //        borderRadius: new BorderRadius.circular((20.0)), // 圆角度
  borderRadius: new BorderRadius.vertical(top: Radius.elliptical(20, 50)), // 也可控件一边圆角大小
),

3.2 阴影:

decoration: new BoxDecoration(
    border: new Border.all(color: Color(0xFFFF0000), width: 0.5), // 边色与边宽度
// 生成俩层阴影,一层绿,一层黄, 阴影位置由offset决定,阴影模糊层度由blurRadius大小决定(大就更透明更扩散),阴影模糊大小由spreadRadius决定
    boxShadow: [BoxShadow(color: Color(0x99FFFF00), offset: Offset(5.0, 5.0),    blurRadius: 10.0, spreadRadius: 2.0), BoxShadow(color: Color(0x9900FF00), offset: Offset(1.0, 1.0)), BoxShadow(color: Color(0xFF0000FF))],
),

3.3 形状(圆形与矩形):

decoration: new BoxDecoration(
  border: new Border.all(color: Color(0xFFFFFF00), width: 0.5), // 边色与边宽度
  color: Color(0xFF9E9E9E), // 底色
  //        shape: BoxShape.circle, // 圆形,使用圆形时不可以使用borderRadius
  shape: BoxShape.rectangle, // 默认值也是矩形
  borderRadius: new BorderRadius.circular((20.0)), // 圆角度
),

3.4 渐变(环形、扫描式、线性):

decoration: new BoxDecoration(
  border: new Border.all(color: Color(0xFFFFFF00), width: 0.5), // 边色与边宽度
// 环形渲染
  gradient: RadialGradient(colors: [Color(0xFFFFFF00), Color(0xFF00FF00), Color(0xFF00FFFF)],radius: 1, tileMode: TileMode.mirror)
//扫描式渐变
//        gradient: SweepGradient(colors: [Color(0xFFFFFF00), Color(0xFF00FF00), Color(0xFF00FFFF)], startAngle: 0.0, endAngle: 1*3.14)
// 线性渐变
//        gradient: LinearGradient(colors: [Color(0xFFFFFF00), Color(0xFF00FF00), Color(0xFF00FFFF)], begin: FractionalOffset(1, 0), end: FractionalOffset(0, 1))
),

3.4 背景图像:

decoration: new BoxDecoration(
  border: new Border.all(color: Color(0xFFFFFF00), width: 0.5), // 边色与边宽度
  image: new DecorationImage(
  image: new NetworkImage('https://avatar.csdn.net/8/9/A/3_chenlove1.jpg'), // 网络图片
  // image: new AssetImage('graphics/background.png'), 本地图片
  fit: BoxFit.fill // 填满
  //          centerSlice: new Rect.fromLTRB(270.0, 180.0, 1360.0, 730.0),// 固定大小
  ),
),

4 ShapeDecoration例子:

构造方法:

const ShapeDecoration({
  this.color,
  this.image,
  this.gradient,
  this.shadows,
  @required this.shape,
})

除了shape,其他与BoxDecoration一致,shape研究:    

decoration: new ShapeDecoration(
  color: Color(0xFFFF00FF), // 底色
  // 统一四边颜色和宽度
  shape: Border.all(color: Color(0xFF00FFFF),style: BorderStyle.solid,width: 2)
// 四个边分别指定颜色和宽度, 当只给bottom时与UnderlineInputBorder一致效果
//          shape: Border(top: b, bottom: b, right: b, left: b)
// 底部线
//          shape: UnderlineInputBorder( borderSide:BorderSide(color: Color(0xFFFFFFFF), style: BorderStyle.solid, width: 2))
// 矩形边色
//        shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(10)), side: BorderSide(color: Color(0xFFFFFFFF), style: BorderStyle.solid, width: 2))
// 圆形边色
//        shape: CircleBorder(side: BorderSide(color: Color(0xFFFFFF00), style: BorderStyle.solid, width: 2))
// 体育场(竖向椭圆)
//        shape: StadiumBorder(side: BorderSide(width: 2, style: BorderStyle.solid, color: Color(0xFF00FFFF))
// 角形(八边角)边色
//          shape: BeveledRectangleBorder(borderRadius: BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(10)), side: BorderSide(color: Color(0xFFFFFFFF), style: BorderStyle.solid, width: 2))
),

5 FlutterLogoDecoration例子:

构造方法:

const FlutterLogoDecoration({
  this.lightColor = const Color(0xFF42A5F5), // Colors.blue[400]
  this.darkColor = const Color(0xFF0D47A1), // Colors.blue[900]
  this.textColor = const Color(0xFF616161),
  this.style = FlutterLogoStyle.markOnly,
  this.margin = EdgeInsets.zero,
}) 

这个就不解析了,Flutter的logo,开发没啥用!

6 UnderlineTabindicator例子:

构造方法:

const UnderlineTabIndicator({
  this.borderSide = const BorderSide(width: 2.0, color: Colors.white),
  this.insets = EdgeInsets.zero,
})

这个比较简单就是加下划线,可以设置Insets值(控制下划高底,左右边距)

decoration: new UnderlineTabIndicator(
  borderSide: BorderSide(width: 2.0, color: Colors.white),
  insets: EdgeInsets.fromLTRB(0,0,0,10)
),

 

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