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[Java]20非常有用的Java程序片段

1. 字符串有整型的相互转换

1   

2 String a = String.valueOf(2);   //integer to numeric string  

3 int i = Integer.parseInt(a); //numeric string to an int 


2. 向文件末尾添加内容

01   

02 BufferedWriter out = null;  

03 try {  

04     out = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(”filename”, true));  

05     out.write(”aString”);  

06 } catch (IOException e) {  

07     // error processing code  

08 } finally {  

09     if (out != null) {  

10         out.close();  

11     }  

12 } 

3. 得到当前方法的名字

1 String methodName = Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[1].getMethodName(); 

4. 转字符串到日期

1   

2 java.util.Date = java.text.DateFormat.getDateInstance().parse(date String); 

或者是:

1   

2 SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat( "dd.MM.yyyy" );  

3 Date date = format.parse( myString ); 

5. 使用JDBC链接Oracle

01 public class OracleJdbcTest  

02 {  

03     String driverClass = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";  

04   

05     Connection con;  

06   

07     public void init(FileInputStream fs) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException, FileNotFoundException, IOException  

08     {  

09         Properties props = new Properties();  

10         props.load(fs);  

11         String url = props.getProperty("db.url");  

12         String userName = props.getProperty("db.user");  

13         String password = props.getProperty("db.password");  

14         Class.forName(driverClass);  

15   

16         con=DriverManager.getConnection(url, userName, password);  

17     }  

18   

19     public void fetch() throws SQLException, IOException  

20     {  

21         PreparedStatement ps = con.prepareStatement("select SYSDATE from dual");  

22         ResultSet rs = ps.executeQuery();  

23   

24         while (rs.next())  

25         {  

26             // do the thing you do  

27         }  

28         rs.close();  

29         ps.close();  

30     }  

31   

32     public static void main(String[] args)  

33     {  

34         OracleJdbcTest test = new OracleJdbcTest();  

35         test.init();  

36         test.fetch();  

37     }  

38 } 

6. 把 Java util.Date 转成 sql.Date

1 java.util.Date utilDate = new java.util.Date();  

2 java.sql.Date sqlDate = new java.sql.Date(utilDate.getTime()); 

7. 使用NIO进行快速的文件拷贝

01 public static void fileCopy( File in, File out )  

02             throws IOException  

03     {  

04         FileChannel inChannel = new FileInputStream( in ).getChannel();  

05         FileChannel outChannel = new FileOutputStream( out ).getChannel();  

06         try 

07         {  

08 //          inChannel.transferTo(0, inChannel.size(), outChannel);      // original -- apparently has trouble copying large files on Windows  

09   

10             // magic number for Windows, 64Mb - 32Kb)  

11             int maxCount = (64 * 1024 * 1024) - (32 * 1024);  

12             long size = inChannel.size();  

13             long position = 0;  

14             while ( position < size )  

15             {  

16                position += inChannel.transferTo( position, maxCount, outChannel );  

17             }  

18         }  

19         finally 

20         {  

21             if ( inChannel != null )  

22             {  

23                inChannel.close();  

24             }  

25             if ( outChannel != null )  

26             {  

27                 outChannel.close();  

28             }  

29         }  

30     } 

8. 创建图片的缩略图

01 private void createThumbnail(String filename, int thumbWidth, int thumbHeight, int quality, String outFilename)  

02         throws InterruptedException, FileNotFoundException, IOException  

03     {  

04         // load image from filename  

05         Image image = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getImage(filename);  

06         MediaTracker mediaTracker = new MediaTracker(new Container());  

07         mediaTracker.addImage(image, 0);  

08         mediaTracker.waitForID(0);  

09         // use this to test for errors at this point: System.out.println(mediaTracker.isErrorAny());  

10   

11         // determine thumbnail size from WIDTH and HEIGHT  

12         double thumbRatio = (double)thumbWidth / (double)thumbHeight;  

13         int imageWidth = image.getWidth(null);  

14         int imageHeight = image.getHeight(null);  

15         double imageRatio = (double)imageWidth / (double)imageHeight;  

16         if (thumbRatio < imageRatio) {  

17             thumbHeight = (int)(thumbWidth / imageRatio);  

18         } else {  

19             thumbWidth = (int)(thumbHeight * imageRatio);  

20         }  

21   

22         // draw original image to thumbnail image object and  

23         // scale it to the new size on-the-fly  

24         BufferedImage thumbImage = new BufferedImage(thumbWidth, thumbHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);  

25         Graphics2D graphics2D = thumbImage.createGraphics();  

26         graphics2D.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_INTERPOLATION, RenderingHints.VALUE_INTERPOLATION_BILINEAR);  

27         graphics2D.drawImage(image, 0, 0, thumbWidth, thumbHeight, null);  

28   

29         // save thumbnail image to outFilename  

30         BufferedOutputStream out = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(outFilename));  

31         JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(out);  

32         JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(thumbImage);  

33         quality = Math.max(0, Math.min(quality, 100));  

34         param.setQuality((float)quality / 100.0f, false);  

35         encoder.setJPEGEncodeParam(param);  

36         encoder.encode(thumbImage);  

37         out.close();  

38     } 

9. 创建 JSON 格式的数据

请先阅读这篇文章 了解一些细节,
并下面这个JAR 文件:json-rpc-1.0.jar (75 kb)

1 import org.json.JSONObject;  

2 ...  

3 ...  

4 JSONObject json = new JSONObject();  

5 json.put("city", "Mumbai");  

6 json.put("country", "India");  

7 ...  

8 String output = json.toString();  

9 ... 

10. 使用iText JAR生成PDF

阅读这篇文章 了解更多细节

01   

02 import java.io.File;  

03 import java.io.FileOutputStream;  

04 import java.io.OutputStream;  

05 import java.util.Date;  

06   

07 import com.lowagie.text.Document;  

08 import com.lowagie.text.Paragraph;  

09 import com.lowagie.text.pdf.PdfWriter;  

10   

11 public class GeneratePDF {  

12   

13     public static void main(String[] args) {  

14         try {  

15             OutputStream file = new FileOutputStream(new File("C://Test.pdf"));  

16   

17             Document document = new Document();  

18             PdfWriter.getInstance(document, file);  

19             document.open();  

20             document.add(new Paragraph("Hello Kiran"));  

21             document.add(new Paragraph(new Date().toString()));  

22   

23             document.close();  

24             file.close();  

25   

26         } catch (Exception e) {  

27   

28             e.printStackTrace();  

29         }  

30     }  

31 } 

11. HTTP 代理设置

阅读这篇 文章 了解更多细节。

1   

2 System.getProperties().put("http.proxyHost", "someProxyURL");  

3 System.getProperties().put("http.proxyPort", "someProxyPort");  

4 System.getProperties().put("http.proxyUser", "someUserName");  

5 System.getProperties().put("http.proxyPassword", "somePassword"); 

12. 单实例Singleton 示例

请先阅读这篇文章 了解更多信息

01   

02 public class SimpleSingleton {  

03     private static SimpleSingleton singleInstance =  new SimpleSingleton();  

04   

05     //Marking default constructor private  

06     //to avoid direct instantiation.  

07     private SimpleSingleton() {  

08     }  

09   

10     //Get instance for class SimpleSingleton  

11     public static SimpleSingleton getInstance() {  

12   

13         return singleInstance;  

14     }  

15 } 

另一种实现

1 public enum SimpleSingleton {  

2     INSTANCE;  

3     public void doSomething() {  

4     }  

5 }  

6   

7 //Call the method from Singleton:  

8 SimpleSingleton.INSTANCE.doSomething(); 

13. 抓屏程序

阅读这篇文章 获得更多信息。

01 import java.awt.Dimension;  

02 import java.awt.Rectangle;  

03 import java.awt.Robot;  

04 import java.awt.Toolkit;  

05 import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;  

06 import javax.imageio.ImageIO;  

07 import java.io.File;  

08   

09 ...  

10   

11 public void captureScreen(String fileName) throws Exception {  

12   

13    Dimension screenSize = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getScreenSize();  

14    Rectangle screenRectangle = new Rectangle(screenSize);  

15    Robot robot = new Robot();  

16    BufferedImage image = robot.createScreenCapture(screenRectangle);  

17    ImageIO.write(image, "png", new File(fileName));  

18   

19 }  

20 ... 

 

 

14. 列出文件和目录

01 File dir = new File("directoryName");  

02   String[] children = dir.list();  

03   if (children == null) {  

04       // Either dir does not exist or is not a directory  

05   } else {  

06       for (int i=0; i < children.length; i++) {  

07           // Get filename of file or directory  

08           String filename = children[i];  

09       }  

10   }  

11   

12   // It is also possible to filter the list of returned files.  

13   // This example does not return any files that start with `.'.  

14   FilenameFilter filter = new FilenameFilter() {  

15       public boolean accept(File dir, String name) {  

16           return !name.startsWith(".");  

17       }  

18   };  

19   children = dir.list(filter);  

20   

21   // The list of files can also be retrieved as File objects  

22   File[] files = dir.listFiles();  

23   

24   // This filter only returns directories  

25   FileFilter fileFilter = new FileFilter() {  

26       public boolean accept(File file) {  

27           return file.isDirectory();  

28       }  

29   };  

30   files = dir.listFiles(fileFilter); 

15. 创建ZIP和JAR文件


01   

02 import java.util.zip.*;  

03 import java.io.*;  

04   

05 public class ZipIt {  

06     public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException {  

07         if (args.length < 2) {  

08             System.err.println("usage: java ZipIt Zip.zip file1 file2 file3");  

09             System.exit(-1);  

10         }  

11         File zipFile = new File(args[0]);  

12         if (zipFile.exists()) {  

13             System.err.println("Zip file already exists, please try another");  

14             System.exit(-2);  

15         }  

16         FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(zipFile);  

17         ZipOutputStream zos = new ZipOutputStream(fos);  

18         int bytesRead;  

19         byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];  

20         CRC32 crc = new CRC32();  

21         for (int i=1, n=args.length; i < n; i++) {  

22             String name = args[i];  

23             File file = new File(name);  

24             if (!file.exists()) {  

25                 System.err.println("Skipping: " + name);  

26                 continue;  

27             }  

28             BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(  

29                 new FileInputStream(file));  

30             crc.reset();  

31             while ((bytesRead = bis.read(buffer)) != -1) {  

32                 crc.update(buffer, 0, bytesRead);  

33             }  

34             bis.close();  

35             // Reset to beginning of input stream  

36             bis = new BufferedInputStream(  

37                 new FileInputStream(file));  

38             ZipEntry entry = new ZipEntry(name);  

39             entry.setMethod(ZipEntry.STORED);  

40             entry.setCompressedSize(file.length());  

41             entry.setSize(file.length());  

42             entry.setCrc(crc.getValue());  

43             zos.putNextEntry(entry);  

44             while ((bytesRead = bis.read(buffer)) != -1) {  

45                 zos.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);  

46             }  

47             bis.close();  

48         }  

49         zos.close();  

50     }  

51 } 

16. 解析/读取XML 文件

XML文件

01 <?xml version="1.0"?> 

02 <students> 

03     <student> 

04         <name>John</name> 

05         <grade>B</grade> 

06         <age>12</age> 

07     </student> 

08     <student> 

09         <name>Mary</name> 

10         <grade>A</grade> 

11         <age>11</age> 

12     </student> 

13     <student> 

14         <name>Simon</name> 

15         <grade>A</grade> 

16         <age>18</age> 

17     </student> 

18 </students> 

Java代码

01   

02 package net.viralpatel.java.xmlparser;  

03   

04 import java.io.File;  

05 import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;  

06 import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;  

07   

08 import org.w3c.dom.Document;  

09 import org.w3c.dom.Element;  

10 import org.w3c.dom.Node;  

11 import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;  

12   

13 public class XMLParser {  

14   

15     public void getAllUserNames(String fileName) {  

16         try {  

17             DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();  

18             DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();  

19             File file = new File(fileName);  

20             if (file.exists()) {  

21                 Document doc = db.parse(file);  

22                 Element docEle = doc.getDocumentElement();  

23   

24                 // Print root element of the document  

25                 System.out.println("Root element of the document: " 

26                         + docEle.getNodeName());  

27   

28                 NodeList studentList = docEle.getElementsByTagName("student");  

29   

30                 // Print total student elements in document  

31                 System.out  

32                         .println("Total students: " + studentList.getLength());  

33   

34                 if (studentList != null && studentList.getLength() > 0) {  

35                     for (int i = 0; i < studentList.getLength(); i++) {  

36   

37                         Node node = studentList.item(i);  

38   

39                         if (node.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {  

40   

41                             System.out  

42                                     .println("=====================");  

43   

44                             Element e = (Element) node;  

45                             NodeList nodeList = e.getElementsByTagName("name");  

46                             System.out.println("Name: " 

47                                     + nodeList.item(0).getChildNodes().item(0)  

48                                             .getNodeValue());  

49   

50                             nodeList = e.getElementsByTagName("grade");  

51                             System.out.println("Grade: " 

52                                     + nodeList.item(0).getChildNodes().item(0)  

53                                             .getNodeValue());  

54   

55                             nodeList = e.getElementsByTagName("age");  

56                             System.out.println("Age: " 

57                                     + nodeList.item(0).getChildNodes().item(0)  

58                                             .getNodeValue());  

59                         }  

60                     }  

61                 } else {  

62                     System.exit(1);  

63                 }  

64             }  

65         } catch (Exception e) {  

66             System.out.println(e);  

67         }  

68     }  

69     public static void main(String[] args) {  

70   

71         XMLParser parser = new XMLParser();  

72         parser.getAllUserNames("c://test.xml");  

73     }  

74 } 

17. 把 Array 转换成 Map

01   

02 import java.util.Map;  

03 import org.apache.commons.lang.ArrayUtils;  

04   

05 public class Main {  

06   

07   public static void main(String[] args) {  

08     String[][] countries = { { "United States", "New York" }, { "United Kingdom", "London" },  

09         { "Netherland", "Amsterdam" }, { "Japan", "Tokyo" }, { "France", "Paris" } };  

10   

11     Map countryCapitals = ArrayUtils.toMap(countries);  

12   

13     System.out.println("Capital of Japan is " + countryCapitals.get("Japan"));  

14     System.out.println("Capital of France is " + countryCapitals.get("France"));  

15   }  

16 } 

18. 发送邮件

01 import javax.mail.*;  

02 import javax.mail.internet.*;  

03 import java.util.*;  

04   

05 public void postMail( String recipients[ ], String subject, String message , String from) throws MessagingException  

06 {  

07     boolean debug = false;  

08   

09      //Set the host smtp address  

10      Properties props = new Properties();  

11      props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.example.com");  

12   

13     // create some properties and get the default Session  

14     Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, null);  

15     session.setDebug(debug);  

16   

17     // create a message  

18     Message msg = new MimeMessage(session);  

19   

20     // set the from and to address  

21     InternetAddress addressFrom = new InternetAddress(from);  

22     msg.setFrom(addressFrom);  

23   

24     InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[recipients.length];  

25     for (int i = 0; i < recipients.length; i++)  

26     {  

27         addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(recipients[i]);  

28     }  

29     msg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, addressTo);  

30   

31     // Optional : You can also set your custom headers in the Email if you Want  

32     msg.addHeader("MyHeaderName", "myHeaderValue");  

33   

34     // Setting the Subject and Content Type  

35     msg.setSubject(subject);  

36     msg.setContent(message, "text/plain");  

37     Transport.send(msg);  

38 } 

19. 发送代数据的HTTP 请求

01   

02 import java.io.BufferedReader;  

03 import java.io.InputStreamReader;  

04 import java.net.URL;  

05   

06 public class Main {  

07     public static void main(String[] args)  {  

08         try {  

09             URL my_url = new URL("http://coolshell.cn/");  

10             BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(my_url.openStream()));  

11             String strTemp = "";  

12             while(null != (strTemp = br.readLine())){  

13             System.out.println(strTemp);  

14         }  

15         } catch (Exception ex) {  

16             ex.printStackTrace();  

17         }  

18     }  

19 }

20. 改变数组的大小

01   

02 /** 

03 * Reallocates an array with a new size, and copies the contents 

04 * of the old array to the new array. 

05 * @param oldArray  the old array, to be reallocated. 

06 * @param newSize   the new array size. 

07 * @return          A new array with the same contents. 

08 */ 

09 private static Object resizeArray (Object oldArray, int newSize) {  

10    int oldSize = java.lang.reflect.Array.getLength(oldArray);  

11    Class elementType = oldArray.getClass().getComponentType();  

12    Object newArray = java.lang.reflect.Array.newInstance(  

13          elementType,newSize);  

14    int preserveLength = Math.min(oldSize,newSize);  

15    if (preserveLength > 0)  

16       System.arraycopy (oldArray,0,newArray,0,preserveLength);  

17    return newArray;  

18 }  

19   

20 // Test routine for resizeArray().  

21 public static void main (String[] args) {  

22    int[] a = {1,2,3};  

23    a = (int[])resizeArray(a,5);  

24    a[3] = 4;  

25    a[4] = 5;  

26    for (int i=0; i<a.length; i++)  

27       System.out.println (a[i]);  

28 }

(全文完)

 

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