云平台短信验证码通知短信java/php/.net开发实现

一、本文目的

  • 大部分平台都有一个接入发送短信验证码、通知短信的需求。虽然市场上大部分平台的接口都只是一个非常普通的HTTP-GET请求,但终归有需要学习和借鉴使用的朋友。
  • 本文的初衷是主要提供学习便利,方便初学者学习简单的http接口对接实现,由于各大短信通道服务商API参数基本相同,本Demo可以适当减少开发者对接短信通道接口的开发成本,提供参考。
  • 若有朋友不想从文章中复制源码,需要直接下载,源码已上传至GitHub。
  • GitHub传送门:https://github.com/yzchen0o0/demo-sms

二、发送短信接口请求

  • 请求参数模板
https://{{url}}?appKey={{app_key}}&appSecret={{app_secret}}&phones={{mobile}}&content=【{{sign}}】{{content}}
  • 示例
https://xxxyun.com/sendsms?appKey=aaaaa&appSecret=bbbb&phones=13888888888&content=【某云】您的验证码是:666666

三、参数描述

参数名 说明
url 请求地址
app_key 客户在供应商注册的唯一key码
app_secret 客户在供应商注册的唯一secret码
mobile 接收短信的用户手机号
sign 短信内容的产品名称

四、各开发语言实现

1、Java

import okhttp3.OkHttpClient;
import okhttp3.Request;
import okhttp3.Response;

/**
 * 短信发送工具类

 * <p>
 * 		http接口请求依赖 okhttp-3.14.2.jar, okio-1.17.2.jar
 *</p>
 */
public class SmsUtil {
	
	private static final String HOST = "https://api.zhuanxinyun.com/api/v2/sendSms.json";
	private static final String SIGN = "【签名】";
	private static final String APP_KEY = "app_key";
	private static final String APP_SECRET = "app_secret";

	/**
	 * 测试请求
	 * @param args
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		String mobile = "18566770000";
		String code = "666666";
		String body = sendSmsCode(mobile, code);
		System.out.println(body);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 发送短信验证码
	 * @param mobile		接收手机号
	 * @param code			验证码
	 */
	public static String sendSmsCode(String mobile, String code) {
		StringBuffer content = new StringBuffer().append("验证码:" ).append(code).append(",如非本人操作请忽略。");
		return sendSms(mobile, content.toString());
	}
	
	/**
	 * 发送短信信息
	 * @param mobile		接收手机号
	 * @param content		短信内容
	 */
	public static String sendSms(String mobile, String content) {
		// 拼接请求参数
		StringBuffer url = new StringBuffer().append(HOST).append("?appKey=").append(APP_KEY).append("&appSecret=")
				.append(APP_SECRET).append("&phones=").append(mobile).append("&content=").append(SIGN).append(content);
		// 封装请求参数
		Request request = new Request.Builder().url(url.toString()).get().build();
		OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
		try {
			// 发起请求
			Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();
			return response.body().string();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
		return null;
	}

}

2、php

<?php
        $host = "https://api.zhuanxinyun.com/api/v2/sendSms.json";
		$sign = "【签名】";
		$app_key = "app_key";
		$app_secret = "app_secret";
		$code = "6666";
		$phones = "18088888888";
        $content = "本次验证码是".code.",如非本人操作请忽略。";
		$uri = $host."?appKey=".$app_key."&appSecret=".$app_secret."&phones=".$phones."&content=".$sign.$content;
		$ch = curl_init();
		$timeout = 5;
		curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
		curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
		curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, $timeout);
		$contents = curl_exec($ch);
		curl_close($ch);
		var_dump($contents);//输入返回内容
?>

3、.Net

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Text;

namespace SmsCode
{
    class Program
    {
        private static  String HOST = "https://api.zhuanxinyun.com/api/v2/sendSms.json";
	    private static  String SIGN = "【签名】";
	    private static  String APP_KEY = "app_key";
	    private static  String APP_SECRET = "APP_SECRET";

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string mobile = "手机号";
            string code = "内容";
            string body = sendSmsCode(mobile, code);
 
            Console.WriteLine(body);
        }
        /**
        * 发送短信验证码
        * @param mobile		接收手机号
        * @param code			验证码
        */
        public static String sendSmsCode(String mobile, String code)
        {
            StringBuilder content = new StringBuilder().Append("验证码:").Append(code).Append(",如非本人操作请忽略。");
            return sendSms(mobile, content.ToString());

           // StringBuilder
        }

        /**
        * 发送短信信息
        * @param mobile		接收手机号
        * @param content		短信内容
        */
        public static string sendSms(String mobile, String content)
        {
            string msg = string.Empty;
            // 拼接请求参数
            StringBuilder url = new StringBuilder().Append(HOST).Append("?appKey=").Append(APP_KEY).Append("&appSecret=")
                    .Append(APP_SECRET).Append("&phones=").Append(mobile).Append("&content=").Append(SIGN).Append(content);
            // 封装请求参数
            try
            {
                // 发起请求

                 msg = Request_GET(url.ToString(), "UTF-8");
            
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                msg=ex.Message;
            }

            return msg;
        }

        public static string Request_GET(string urlString, string encoding)
        {
            HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest = null;
            HttpWebResponse httpWebResponse = null;
            Stream stream = null;
            StreamReader streamReader = null;
            string result = string.Empty;
            try
            {
                httpWebRequest = (WebRequest.Create(urlString) as HttpWebRequest);
                httpWebRequest.Method = "GET";
                //httpWebRequest.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; Maxthon 2.0)";
                httpWebResponse = (HttpWebResponse)httpWebRequest.GetResponse();
                stream = httpWebResponse.GetResponseStream();
                streamReader = new StreamReader(stream, Encoding.GetEncoding(encoding));
                result = streamReader.ReadToEnd();
            }
            catch (SystemException ex)
            {
                result = "err:" + ex.Message;
            }
            finally
            {
                if (httpWebRequest != null)
                {
                    httpWebRequest.Abort();
                }
                if (httpWebResponse != null)
                {
                    httpWebResponse.Close();
                }
                if (stream != null)
                {
                    stream.Close();
                }
                if (streamReader != null)
                {
                    streamReader.Close();
                }
            }
            return result;
        }
    }
}

五、返回值

{"errorCode":"000000","errorMsg":"提交成功"}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<xml>
    <errorCode>000000</errorCode>
    <errorMsg>提交成功</errorMsg>
</xml>

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