# 4、数据多重完整嵌套查询语句

Student(SNO,Sname,Sage,Ssex) 学生表Course(CNO,Cname,TNO) 课程表

SC(SNO,CNO,score) 成绩表

Teacher(TNO,Tname) 教师表

1、查询“001”课程比“002”课程成绩高的所有学生的学号；

Select a.SNO from (select Sno,score from SC where CNO='001') a,

(select Sno,scorefrom SC where CNO='002') b

Where a.score>b.score and a.Sno=b.Sno;

2、查询平均成绩大于60分的同学的学号和平均成绩；

Select SNO,avg(score)

From sc

group by SNO having avg(score) >60;

3、查询所有同学的学号、姓名、选课数、总成绩；

Select Student.SNO, Student.Sname, count(SC.CNO),sum(score)

From Student left Outer join SC on Student.SNO=SC.SNO

group by Student.SNO,Sname

4、查询姓“李”的老师的个数；

Select count(distinct(Tname))

From Teacher

Where Tname like '李%';

5、查询没学过“叶平”老师课的同学的学号、姓名；

Select Student.SNO,Student.Sname

From Student

Where SNO not in (select distinct( SC.SNO) from SC,Course,Teacher where  SC.CNO=Course.CNO and Teacher.TNO=Course.TNO and Teacher.Tname='叶平');

6、查询学过“001”并且也学过编号“002”课程的同学的学号、姓名；

Select Student.SNO,Student.Sname from Student,SC where Student.SNO=SC.SNO and SC.CNO='001'and exists( Select * from SC as SC_2 where SC_2.SNO=SC.SNO and SC_2.CNO='002');

7、查询学过“叶平”老师所教的所有课的同学的学号、姓名；

selectSNO,Sname

from Student

where SNO in (select SNO from SC ,Course ,Teacher where SC.CNO=Course.CNO and Teacher.TNO=Course.TNO and Teacher.Tname='叶平' group by SNO having count(SC.CNO)=(select count(CNO) from Course,Teacher  where Teacher.TNO=Course.TNO and Tname='叶平'));

8、查询课程编号“002”的成绩比课程编号“001”课程低的所有同学的学号、姓名；

Select  SNO,Sname from (select Student.SNO,Student.Sname,score ,(select score from SC SC_2 where  SC_2.SNO=Student.SNO and SC_2.CNO='002') score2

From Student,SC where Student.SNO=SC.SNO and CNO='001') S_2 where score2 <score;

9、查询所有课程成绩小于60分的同学的学号、姓名；

selectSNO,Sname

from  Student

where SNO not in (select Student.SNO from Student,SC where S.SNO=SC.SNO and score>60);

10、查询没有学全所有课的同学的学号、姓名；

Select Student.SNO,Student.Sname

From Student,SC

Where Student.SNO=SC.SNO group by  Student.SNO,Student.Sname having count(CNO) <(select count(CNO) from Course);

11、查询至少有一门课与学号为“1001”的同学所学相同的同学的学号和姓名；

Select SNO,Sname from Student,SC where Student.SNO=SC.SNO and CNO in select CNO from SC where  SNO='1001';

12、查询至少学过学号为“001”同学所有一门课的其他同学学号和姓名；

Select  distinct SC.SNO,Sname

From Student,SC

Where Student.SNO=SC.SNO and CNO in (select CNO from SC where SNO='001');

13、把“SC”表中“叶平”老师教的课的成绩都更改为此课程的平均成绩；

update SC set score=(select avg(SC_2.score)

from  SC SC_2

where  SC_2.CNO=SC.CNO ) from Course,Teacher where Course.CNO=SC.CNO and Course.TNO=Teacher.TNO and Teacher.Tname='叶平');

14、查询和“1002”号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学学号和姓名；

Select SNO from SC where CNO in (select CNO from SC where SNO='1002')

group by SNO having count(*)=(select count(*) from SC where SNO='1002');

15、删除学习“叶平”老师课的SC表记录；

Delect SC

from course ,Teacher

where Course.CNO=SC.CNO and Course.TNO= Teacher.TNO and Tname='叶平';

16、向SC表中插入一些记录，这些记录要求符合以下条件：没有上过编号“003”课程的同学学号、2、

Insert SC select SNO,'002',(Select avg(score)

from SC where CNO='002') from Student where SNO not in (Select SNO from SC where CNO='002');

17、按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的“数据库”、“企业管理”、“英语”三门的课程成绩，按如下形式显示： 学生ID,,数据库,企业管理,英语,有效课程数,有效平均分

SELECT SNO as 学生ID

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.SNO=t.SNO AND CNO='004') AS 数据库

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.SNO=t.SNO AND CNO='001') AS 企业管理

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.SNO=t.SNO AND CNO='006') AS 英语

,COUNT(*) AS 有效课程数, AVG(t.score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC AS t

GROUP BY SNO

ORDER BY avg(t.score)

18、查询各科成绩最高和最低的分：以如下形式显示：课程ID，最高分，最低分

SELECT L.CNO As 课程ID,L.score AS 最高分,R.score AS 最低分

FROM SC L ,SC AS R

WHERE L.CNO = R.CNO and

L.score = (SELECT MAX(IL.score)

FROM SC AS IL,Student AS IM

WHERE L.CNO = IL.CNO and IM.SNO=IL.SNO

GROUP BY IL.CNO)

AND

R.Score = (SELECT MIN(IR.score)

FROM SC AS IR

WHERE R.CNO = IR.CNO

GROUP BY IR.CNO

);

19、按各科平均成绩从低到高和及格率的百分数从高到低顺序

SELECT  t.CNO AS 课程号,max(course.Cname)AS 课程名,isnull(AVG(score),0) AS 平均成绩

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN  isnull(score,0)>=60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/COUNT(*) AS 及格百分数

FROM SC T,Course

wheret.CNO=course.CNO

GROUP BY t.CNO

ORDER BY 100 * SUM(CASE WHEN  isnull(score,0)>=60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/COUNT(*) DESC

20、查询如下课程平均成绩和及格率的百分数(用"1行"显示): 企业管理（001），马克思（002），OO&UML （003），数据库（004）

SELECT SUM(CASE WHEN CNO ='001' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE CNO WHEN '001' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 企业管理平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '001' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '001' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 企业管理及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '002' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE CNO WHEN '002' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 马克思平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '002' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '002' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 马克思及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '003' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE CNO WHEN '003' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS UML平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '003' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '003' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS UML及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '004' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE CNO WHEN '004' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 数据库平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '004' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN CNO = '004' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 数据库及格百分数

FROM SC

21、查询不同老师所教不同课程平均分从高到低显示

SELECT max(Z.TNO) AS 教师ID,MAX(Z.Tname) AS 教师姓名,C.CNO AS 课程ＩＤ,MAX(C.Cname) AS 课程名称,AVG(Score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC AS T,Course AS C ,Teacher AS Z

where T.CNO=C.CNO and C.TNO=Z.TNO

GROUP BY C.CNO

ORDER BY AVG(Score) DESC

22、查询如下课程成绩第 3 名到第 6 名的学生成绩单：企业管理（001），马克思（002），UML （003），数据库（004）

[学生ID],[学生姓名],企业管理,马克思,UML,数据库,平均成绩

SELECT  DISTINCT top 3

SC.SNO As 学生学号,

Student.Sname AS 学生姓名 ,

T1.score AS 企业管理,

T2.score AS 马克思,

T3.score AS UML,

T4.score AS 数据库,

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0) as 总分

FROM Student,SC  LEFT JOIN SC AS T1

ON SC.SNO = T1.SNO AND T1.CNO = '001'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T2

ON SC.SNO = T2.SNO AND T2.CNO = '002'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T3

ON SC.SNO = T3.SNO AND T3.CNO = '003'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T4

ON SC.SNO = T4.SNO AND T4.CNO = '004'

WHERE student.SNO=SC.SNO and

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0)

NOT IN

(SELECT

DISTINCT

TOP 15 WITH TIES

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0)

FROM sc

LEFT JOIN sc AS T1

ON sc.SNO = T1.SNO AND T1.CNO = 'k1'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T2

ON sc.SNO = T2.SNO AND T2.CNO = 'k2'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T3

ON sc.SNO = T3.SNO AND T3.CNO = 'k3'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T4

ON sc.SNO = T4.SNO AND T4.CNO = 'k4'

ORDER BY ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0) DESC);

23、统计列印各科成绩,各分数段人数:课程ID,课程名称,[100-85],[85-70],[70-60],[ <60]

SELECT SC.CNO as 课程ID, Cname as 课程名称

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 85 AND 100 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [100 - 85]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 70 AND 85 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [85 - 70]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 60 AND 70 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [70 - 60]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score < 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [60 -]

FROM SC,Course

where SC.CNO=Course.CNO

GROUP BY SC.CNO,Cname;

24、查询学生平均成绩及其名次

SELECT 1+(SELECT COUNT( distinct 平均成绩)

FROM (SELECT SNO,AVG(score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC

GROUP BY SNO

) AS T1

WHERE 平均成绩 > T2.平均成绩) as 名次,

SNO as 学生学号,平均成绩

FROM (SELECT SNO,AVG(score) 平均成绩

FROM SC

GROUP BY SNO

) AS T2

ORDER BY 平均成绩 desc;

25、查询各科成绩前三名的记录:(不考虑成绩并列情况)

SELECT t1.SNO as 学生ID,t1.CNO as 课程ID,Score as 分数

FROM SC t1

WHERE score IN (SELECT TOP 3 score

FROM SC

WHERE t1.CNO= CNO

ORDER BY score DESC

)

ORDER BY t1.CNO;

26、查询每门课程被选修的学生数

selectCno,count(SNO) from sc group by CNO;

27、查询出只选修了一门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名

select SC.SNO,Student.Sname,count(CNO) AS 选课数

from SC ,Student

where SC.SNO=Student.SNO group by SC.SNO ,Student.Sname having count(CNO)=1;

28、查询男生、女生人数

Select count(Ssex) as 男生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex='男';

Select count(Ssex) as 女生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex='女'；

29、查询姓“张”的学生名单

SELECT Sname FROM Student WHERE Sname like '张%';

30、查询同名同性学生名单，并统计同名人数

Select Sname,count(*) from Student group by Sname having  count(*)>1;;

31、1981年出生的学生名单(注：Student表中Sage列的类型是datetime)

Select Sname,  CONVERT(char (11),DATEPART(year,Sage)) as age

from student

where  CONVERT(char(11),DATEPART(year,Sage))='1981';

32、查询每门课程的平均成绩，结果按平均成绩升序排列，平均成绩相同时，按课程号降序排列

Select CNO,Avg(score) from SC group by CNO order by Avg(score),CNO DESC ;

33、查询平均成绩大于85的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩

Select Sname,SC.SNO ,avg(score)

From Student,SC

Where Student.SNO=SC.SNO group by SC.SNO,Sname having    avg(score)>85;

34、查询课程名称为“数据库”，且分数低于60的学生姓名和分数

Select Sname,isnull(score,0)

From Student,SC,Course

where SC.SNO=Student.SNO and SC.CNO=Course.CNO and  Course.Cname='数据库'and score <60;

35、查询所有学生的选课情况；

SELECT SC.SNO,SC.CNO,Sname,Cname

FROM SC,Student,Course

where SC.SNO=Student.SNO and SC.CNO=Course.CNO ;

36、查询任何一门课程成绩在70分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数；

SELECT  distinctstudent.SNO,student.Sname,SC.CNO,SC.score

FROM student,Sc

WHERE SC.score>=70 AND SC.SNO=student.SNO;

37、查询不及格的课程，并按课程号从大到小排列

Select Cno from sc where scor e <60 order by CNO ;

38、查询课程编号为003且课程成绩在80分以上的学生的学号和姓名；

Select SC.SNO,Student.Sname from SC,Student where SC.SNO=Student.SNO and Score>80 and CNO='003';

39、求选了课程的学生人数

Select  count(*)  from sc;

40、查询选修“叶平”老师所授课程的学生中，成绩最高的学生姓名及其成绩

Select Student.Sname,score

From Student,SC,CourseC,Teacher

Where  Student.SNO=SC.SNO and SC.CNO=C.CNO and C.TNO=Teacher.TNO and Teacher.Tname='叶平' and SC.score=(select max(score)from SC where CNO=C.CNO );

41、查询各个课程及相应的选修人数

select  count(*) from sc group by CNO;

42、查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学号、课程号、学生成绩

select distinct  A.SNO,B.score from SC A  ,SC B where A.Score=B.Score and A.CNO<>B.CNO ;

43、查询每门功成绩最好的前两名

SELECT t1.SNO as 学生ID,t1.CNO as 课程ID,Score as 分数

FROM SC t1

WHERE score IN (SELECT TOP 2 score

FROM SC

WHERE t1.CNO= CNO

ORDER BY score DESC

)

ORDER BY t1.CNO;

44、统计每门课程的学生选修人数（超过10人的课程才统计）。要求输出课程号和选修人数，查询结果按人数降序排列，查询结果按人数降序排列，若人数相同，按课程号升序排列

select  CNO as 课程号,count(*) as 人数

from  sc

group  byCNO

order  by  count(*) desc,Cno

45、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号

select  SNO

from  sc

group  bySno

having  count(*)  >  =  2

46、查询全部学生都选修的课程的课程号和课程名

select  CNO,Cname

from  Course

where  CNO  in  (select  Cno  from  sc group  by  Cno)

47、查询没学过“叶平”老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名

select  Sname from Student where SNO not in (select SNO from Course,Teacher,SC where Course.TNO=Teacher.TNO and SC.CNO=course.CNO and Tname='叶平');

48、查询两门以上不及格课程的同学的学号及其平均成绩

Select SNO,avg(isnull(score,0)) from SC where SNO in (select SNO from SC where score <60 group by SNO having count(*)>2)group by SNO;

49、检索“004”课程分数小于60，按分数降序排列的同学学号

Select SNO from SC where CNO='004'and score <60 order by score desc;

50、删除“002”同学的“001”课程的成绩

delete  from Sc where SNO='001'and CNO='001';