红帽系统更换yum源

红帽系统更换yum源

因为红帽系统 默认自带的 yum 源需要注册,才能更新,而我们想不花钱也可以更新,那只能替换掉RedHat的yum源了,下面就给大家介绍一下如果更换RedHat的yum源。

第一步:检查是否安装yum软件包。

首先,可以用rpm -qa |grep yum 命令来查看RHEL是否安装了yum,如果安装了,就会显示系统安装的那些yum包:

rpm -qa | grep yum

#输出: 
yum-utils-1.1.31-24.el7.noarch

yum-langpacks-0.4.2-3.el7.noarch

yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64

yum-rhn-plugin-2.0.1-4.el7.noarch

PackageKit-yum-0.8.9-11.el7.x86_64

yum-3.4.3-118.el7.noarch

第二步: 卸载redhat自带的yum软件包

rpm -e yum-3.4.3-118.el7.noarch --nodeps
#把第一步输出的东西全卸载了
rpm  -e xxx.noarch --odeps

卸载完成后,再用命令 rpm -qa |grep yum 查看是否已经卸载完成,如果输入命令后,无信息显示表示已经卸载完成

第三步.下载新的yum软件包

找到自己所需要的版本下载:

[root@Linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.4.3-118.el7.centos.noarch.rpm

--2016-01-17 20:43:15--  http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.4.3-118.el7.centos.noarch.rpm

Resolving mirrors.163.com (mirrors.163.com)... 123.58.173.185, 123.58.173.186

Connecting to mirrors.163.com (mirrors.163.com)|123.58.173.185|:80... connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found

2016-01-17 20:43:15 ERROR 404: Not Found.   //如果找不到,是安装包更新了,你可以到这个网站http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/复制下载链接,然后再下载下来;


root@linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.4.3-132.el7.centos.0.1.noarch.rpm

[root@linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64.rpm

[root@linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-utils-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm

[root@linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-updateonboot-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm

[root@linuxprobe ~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm

第四步、安装yum软件包。

注意:单个的安装包可能会依赖其它包(例如yum和yum-fastestmirror会相互依赖),所以我们可以把所有这些包放在一起,用一行命令将它们同时安装即可

rpm -ivh yum-*

第五步、新建repo 配置文件。

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

#写入一下内容

#CentOS-Base.repo

#

# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the

# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and

# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates

# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.

#

# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the

# remarked out baseurl= line instead.

#

#

[base]

name=CentOS-$7 - Base - 163.com

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$7&arch=$basearch&repo=os

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

 

#released updates

[updates]

name=CentOS-$7 - Updates - 163.com

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$7&arch=$basearch&repo=updates

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/updates/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

 

#additional packages that may be useful

[extras]

name=CentOS-$7 - Extras - 163.com

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$7&arch=$basearch&repo=extras

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/extras/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

 

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages

[centosplus]

name=CentOS-$7 - Plus - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/centosplus/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

第六步:运行yum makecache命令生成缓存。

yum clean all
yum makecache
yum update

经过上述六个步骤,新的yum源已经安装完成了,我们可以用yum install 命令来测试安装是否正常:

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