StorageManager获取U盘挂载状态

StorageManager是Android SDK中管理存储设备的一个类。其中的存储设备分内部存储和外部存储,外部存储可以有SDCard、U盘等其他挂载的外设。
StorageVolume代表的是一个设备信息的数据结构,里面包含了名称、路径、挂载状态等等信息。
以前获取设备列表的方法大多是通过反射获getVolumeList()方法获取到StorageVolume[]数组,但是现在发现完全没有必要的,通过getStorageVolumes()方法便可以获取到StorageVolume的集合。只是在取StorageVolume里面的字段的时候,像Path、ID这些属性的get方法是隐藏的,需要使用反射来获取。示例代码如下:

 mStorageManager = getSystemService(StorageManager.class);
        List<StorageVolume> volumeList = mStorageManager.getStorageVolumes();
        for (StorageVolume volume : volumeList) {
            if (null != volume && volume.isRemovable()) {
                String label = volume.getDescription(this);   //这个其实就是U盘的名称
                String status = volume.getState();                   //设备挂载的状态,如:mounted、unmounted
                boolean isEmulated = volume.isEmulated();            //是否是内部存储设备
                boolean isRemovable = volume.isRemovable();          //是否是可移除的外部存储设备
                String mPath="";                                     //设备的路径


                try {
                    Class myclass = Class.forName(volume.getClass().getName());
                    Method getPath =  myclass.getDeclaredMethod("getPath",null);
                    getPath.setAccessible(true);
                    mPath = (String) getPath.invoke(volume);

                    Log.i(TAG,"name:"+label);
                    Log.i(TAG,"status:"+status);
                    Log.i(TAG,"isEmulated:"+isEmulated);
                    Log.i(TAG,"isRemovable:"+isRemovable);
                    Log.i(TAG,"mPath:"+mPath);

                } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

            }
        }

当然,如果U盘通过转换器连接手机,我们可以写一个获取外置U盘存储路径的方法:

    public String externalSDCardPath() {
        String externalSDCardPath = "";
        try {
            StorageManager storageManager = (StorageManager) getSystemService(Context.STORAGE_SERVICE);
            // 7.0才有的方法
            List<StorageVolume> storageVolumes = storageManager.getStorageVolumes();
            Class<?> volumeClass = Class.forName("android.os.storage.StorageVolume");
            Method getPath = volumeClass.getDeclaredMethod("getPath");
            Method isRemovable = volumeClass.getDeclaredMethod("isRemovable");
            getPath.setAccessible(true);
            isRemovable.setAccessible(true);
            for (int i = 0; i < storageVolumes.size(); i++) {
                StorageVolume storageVolume = storageVolumes.get(i);
                String mPath = (String) getPath.invoke(storageVolume);
                Boolean isRemove = (Boolean) isRemovable.invoke(storageVolume);
                if(isRemove){
                    externalSDCardPath = mPath;
                }
                Log.i("tag2", "mPath is === " + mPath + "isRemoveble == " + isRemove);
            }
        }catch (Exception e){
            Log.i("tag2","e == "+e.getMessage());
        }
        return externalSDCardPath;
    }

 

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