mysql触发器实现oracle物化视图

oracle数据库支持物化视图--不是基于基表的虚表,而是根据表实际存在的实表,即物化视图的数据存储在非易失的存储设备上。
下面实验创建ON COMMIT 的FAST刷新模式,在mysql中用触发器实现insert , update , delete 刷新操作
1、基础表创建,Orders 表为基表,Order_mv为物化视图表
mysql> create table Orders(
    -> order_id int not null auto_increment,
    -> product_name varchar(30)not null,
    -> price decimal(10,0) not null ,
    -> amount smallint not null ,
    -> primary key (order_id));
Query OK, 0 rows affected
mysql> create table Order_mv(
    -> product_name varchar(30) not null,
    -> price_sum decimal(8.2) not null,
    -> amount_sum int not null,
    -> price_avg float not null,
    -> order_cnt int not null,
    -> unique index(product_name));
Query OK, 0 rows affected


2、insert触发器
delimiter $$
create trigger tgr_Orders_insert
after insert on Orders
for each row
begin
set @old_price_sum=0;
set @old_amount_sum=0;
set @old_price_avg=0;
set @old_orders_cnt=0;

select ifnull(price_sum,0),ifnull(amount_sum,0),ifnull(price_avg,0),ifnull(order_cnt,0)
from Order_mv
where product_name=new.product_name
into @old_price_sum,@old_amount_sum,@old_price_avg,@old_orders_cnt;

set @new_price_sum=@old_price_sum+new.price;
set @new_amount_sum=@old_amount_sum+new.amount;
set @new_orders_cnt=@old_orders_cnt+1;
set @new_price_avg=@new_price_sum/@new_orders_cnt;
 
replace into Order_mv
values(new.product_name,@new_price_sum,@new_amount_sum,@new_price_avg,@new_orders_cnt);
end;
$$
delimiter ;


3、update触发器
delimiter $$
create trigger tgr_Orders_update
before update on Orders
for each row
begin
set @old_price_sum=0;
set @old_amount_sum=0;
set @old_price_avg=0;
set @old_orders_cnt=0;

set @cur_price=0;
set @cur_amount=0;

select price,amount from Orders where order_id=new.order_id
into @cur_price,@cur_amount;

select ifnull(price_sum,0),ifnull(amount_sum,0),ifnull(price_avg,0),ifnull(order_cnt,0)
from Order_mv
where product_name=new.product_name
into @old_price_sum,@old_amount_sum,@old_price_avg,@old_orders_cnt;

set @new_price_sum=@old_price_sum-@cur_price+new.price;
set @new_amount_sum=@old_amount_sum-@cur_amount+new.amount;
set @new_orders_cnt=@old_orders_cnt;
set @new_price_avg=@new_price_sum/@new_orders_cnt;
 
replace into Order_mv
values(new.product_name,@new_price_sum,@new_amount_sum,@new_price_avg,@new_orders_cnt);
end;
$$
delimiter ;


4、delete触发器
delimiter $$
create trigger tgr_Orders_delete
after delete on Orders
for each row
begin
set @old_price_sum=0;
set @old_amount_sum=0;
set @old_price_avg=0;
set @old_orders_cnt=0;

set @cur_price=0;
set @cur_amount=0;

select price,amount from Orders where order_id=old.order_id
into @cur_price,@cur_amount;

select ifnull(price_sum,0),ifnull(amount_sum,0),ifnull(price_avg,0),ifnull(order_cnt,0)
from Order_mv
where product_name=old.product_name
into @old_price_sum,@old_amount_sum,@old_price_avg,@old_orders_cnt;

set @new_price_sum=@old_price_sum - old.price;
set @new_amount_sum=@old_amount_sum - old.amount;
set @new_orders_cnt=@old_orders_cnt - 1;

if @new_orders_cnt>0 then
set @new_price_avg=@new_price_sum/@new_orders_cnt;
replace into Order_mv
values(old.product_name,@new_price_sum,@new_amount_sum,@new_price_avg,@new_orders_cnt);
else
delete from Order_mv where product_name=@old.name;
end if;
end;
$$
delimiter ;


5、这里delete触发器有一个bug,就是在一种产品的最后一个订单被删除的时候,Order_mv表的更新不能实现,不知道这算不算是mysql的一个bug。当然,如果这个也可以直接用sql语句生成数据,而导致的直接后果就是执行效率低。
    -> insert into Order_mv
    -> select product_name ,sum(price),sum(amount),avg(price),count(*) from Orders
    -> group by product_name;


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